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    Union Catalogue of Agricultural Libraries in the Netherlands

    The WUR Library Catalogue contains bibliographic data on books and periodicals held by the libraries of Wageningen University and Research Centre and some 15 associated libraries. Holding data are added to each record.

    Subjects covered include Agrotechnology, Food and Food Production, Plant and Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Geo-information, Landscape and Spatial Planning, Water and Climate, Ecosystem Studies, Economics and Society.

    The joint collections of the participating libraries cover a substantial part of the internationally available scientific literature in these disciplines.

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Record number 104052
Title [Sigma]-adducts of pyrimidines and pteridines : an NMR study
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[door] J.P. Geerts
Author(s) Geerts, J.P.
Publisher [s.l.] : [s.n.]
Publication year 1978
Description 70 p.
Notes Proefschrift Wageningen
Tutors Plas, Prof. Dr. H.C. van der
Graduation date 1978-01-20
Dissertation no. 708
Author abstract show abstract
This thesis deals with the results obtained by an NMR investigation on anionic σ-adducts that are formed between a number of pyrimidines and potassium amide in liquid ammonia and the covalent addition complexes that are formed between a number of pteridines and liquid ammonia or water.

1H-NMR spectra of some 5-bromo-4-R-pyrimidines (R = Ph, t Bu, OMe, PhMeN, MeNH, Me) in KNH 2 /liquid NH 3 are described. Evidence is presented for the formation of stable σ-adducts by attack of an amide ion to C-6 of the pyrimidinering in the cases of R = Ph, t Bu, OMe, PhMeN. When the substituent in position 4 contains an acidic hydrogen atom αto the aromatic nucleus (R = MeNH, Me), deprotonation occurs and in the case of R = CH 3 also adduct formation has been observed. The ratio of anion to σ-complex is found to change from 3:1 to 1:2 for R = CH 3 compared with R = CH 3 . This dramatic increase in a-complex formation has been ascribed to a deuterium isotope effect.

1H and/or 13C-NMR spectral information is presented concerning the σ-addition complexes between amide ion and some 2-R-pyrimidines, 4-chloro-2-R-pyrimidines (R = Me 2 N, PhMeN, piperidino, morpholino, Ph), 5-bromo-2-piperidinopyrimidine and pyrimidine itself. It was proven that in the ring interconversion that occurs when 4-chloro-2-R-pyrimidines are treated with potassium amide in liquid ammonia in first instance a 1:1 anionic σ-complex is formed in which the amide ion has attacked position 6 of the substrate. Furthermore it was established for R = Me 2 N that the next step of this reaction is fission of the pyrimidine ring between C-5 and C-6 yielding the 6-amino-3,5-diaza-4-dimethylamino-3,5-hexadiene-1-yne anion. This species appeared to be stable under the reaction conditions. However, when the reaction was quenched by the addition of ammonium chloride cyclization took place to give the final reaction product 2-dimethylamino-4-methyl-s-triazine. For comparison we examined the influence of a phenyl group substituted in position 5. By means of 13C-NMR spectroscopy it was established that when 4-chloro-2-dimethylamino-5-phenylpyrimidine is reacted with KNH 2 /NH 3 , the final product 4-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-s-triazine is formed via addition of the amide ion to position 6. This addition is followed by a ring fission process yielding the 6-amino- 3,5-diaza-4-dimethylamino-l-phenyl-3,5-haxadiene-1-yne anion. Interestingly it was further observed, that in this species a hydride ion is transferred from C- 6 to C-2. This hydride shift could be unequivocally established using 4-chloro-6-deutero-2-dimethylamino-5-phenylpyrimidine as starting material. The 5-cyano-3,5-diaza-4-dimethylamino-l-phenyl-1,3-pentadiene anion formed in this internal disproportionation mechanism cyclizes into the 4-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-striazine that is ultimately formed upon work up.

13C-NMR spectral data of the biologically important pteridine and nineteen of its derivatives (containing one or more Cl, MeS, Me, t Bu or Ph substituents) are reported. The 13C-NMR spectrum of the title compound has been assigned conclusively. 13C-NMR substituent effects are shown to be very useful in discerning between 6- and 7-substituted pteridines. Additionally, the 13C-NMR spectra of several covalent amination products, i.e. the 3,4-dihydro-4-amino- and the 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-6,7-diaminopteridine derivatives have been recorded. The 13C-NMR spectra of the corresponding covalent hydrates are also reported.

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On paper FORUM ; STACKS ; NN08200,708
FORUM ; STACKS ; NN08202,708
Keyword(s) (cab) azines / purines / pyridazines / pyrimidines
Categories Analytical Chemistry
Publication type PhD thesis
Language English
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