Green Public Procurement (GPP) is defined in the EU Communication (COM (2008) 400) “ Public procurement for a better environment ” as “ a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured. ” GPP is a voluntary instrument, which means that EU Member States and public authorities can determine the extent to which they implement it. LCAs can be helpful in a public procurement process to evaluate the inputs, outputs and potential environmental impacts of purchasing a particular product throughout its life cycle.
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