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Record nummer 2235951
Titel artikel Biology of the acid-tolerant fish species Umbra pygmaea (De Kay, 1842)
Auteur(s) Dederen, L.H.T. ; Leuven, R.S.E.W. ; Wendelaar Bonga, S.E. ; Oyen, F.G.F.
Tijdschrifttitel Journal of fish biology
Deel(Jaar)Nummer 28(1986)3
Paginering 307 - 326
Online full text
Op papier Haal het document, vind aanverwante informatie of gebruik andere SFX-diensten
Publicatie type Artikel
Taal Engels
Toelichting (Engels) In The Netherlands, the mudminnow Umbra pygmaea mainly occurs in water bodies with a pH ranging from 3–5 to 4–0, an alkalinity less than 0.1 meq 1−1 and a calcium content below 100 μmol 1−1. The abundance of mudminnows is inversely related to the pH and the presence of predatory fish species. Experimental studies show that If. pygmaea is extremely acid-tolerant. Exposure to media with pH values ranging from 4.0 to 7.0 did not cause mortality or significant changes in blood plasma osmolarity and haematocrit. At pH 3.0 no mortality was recorded although a strong decrease in the plasma osmolarity was observed. Exposure to pH 2.8 and calcium concentrations of 100 or 500 μ mol 1−1 for 10 days caused 70% and 40% mortality respectively. The growth, reproduction and feeding of mudminnows are described. Age-growth and length-age relationships were calculated. Gonadal development started between September and January. The highest Gonado Somatic Index was recorded in spring. Spawning occurred from April to May. Fecundity of a sample of females was assessed. Nematocera provided the main item of diet of U. pygmaea; the microfauna ingested was dominated by Cladocera. The adaptations of mudminnows to acid environments are discussed.
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