transport - biofuels - renewable energy - logistics - biogas - bioethanol - bioenergy - biomass - gasification
Abstract: This study, commissioned by ePURE assesses the potential contribution of low carbon fuels in decarbonising conventionally fuelled light duty vehicles (LDVs, i.e. pass enger cars and vans) from 2020 - 2050 in the context of the European Commission’s 2 nd Clean Mobility Package (CMP), and the EU’s medium - and long-term GHG reduction targets.
Yamashta, Stomu \ Yagi, Tadashi \ Hill, Stephen \ 2018
Globalization Economic aspects - International economic relations
Abstract: This book confronts the failings of current global economics to deliver the equity, sustainability and community empowerment which humanity now needs to handle a troubled future. The volume proposes an economy built from our society, not the other way around. The Kyoto Manifesto was built, layer by layer, over a period of 4 years, based on broad-ranging international symposia held in Kyoto between 2014 and 2017, hosted by the Center for the Creative Economy, Doshisha University. Not stopping at theory and untested ideas however, the Manifesto proposes practical action that will make a difference, including in the problematic technological and ecological context of humanity’s immediate and long-term future. The book is unique and innovative for it moves adventurously across very broad territory. The Manifesto draws from world philosophic arguments, including, specifically, a critique of “liberalism”, further, exploring sociology, cultural anthropology, politics, primatology and early humanity, even quantum physics. Argument is set within mainstream post-1972 economics and political economics as well as direct practical experience working to empower disadvantaged communities through the United Nations. Most importantly, the book’s analysis is deeply informed by the practice of searching for what is “sacred”, the ultimate essence of our humanity, what we can be as a human race—empowered, fulfilled individuals, deeply sharing and caring for each other across our separate cultures and lives. Stomu Yamash’ta’s On Zen performances, set the context for the Symposia, bringing different religions and cultures together across their dividing boundaries into a coherent search for peace and harmony through sacred music. Informed by alternate cultural paradigms for economics, the book probes deeply into philosophies and practices that already exist within Eastern and Western societies, and offer lessons for our future. The result is an economics that stresses harmony with nature, and balance in social relations. It places an emphasis on community—human sharing and trust—as a platform for our future, not separate from the global economy but integrated into its very foundations. This is a book for all who care: a plan for our sustainable future built from the best of what our humanity is and can offer.
Yamanouchi, Kaoru \ Hill, Wendell T.. \ Paulus, Gerhard G.. \ 2017
Laser pulses, Ultrashort
Abstract: This thirteenth volume covers a broad range of topics from this interdisciplinary research field, focusing on atoms, molecules, and clusters interacting in intense laser field and high-order harmonics generation and their applications. The PUILS series delivers up-to-date reviews of progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science, the interdisciplinary research field spanning atomic and molecular physics, molecular science, and optical science, which has been stimulated by the recent developments in ultrafast laser technologies. Each volume compiles peer-reviewed articles authored by researchers at the forefront of each their own subfields of UILS. Every chapter opens with an overview of the topics to be discussed, so that researchers unfamiliar to the subfield, as well as graduate students, can grasp the importance and attractions of the research topic at hand; these are followed by reports of cutting-edge discoveries. .
Abstract: This book highlights the importance of security in the design, development and deployment of systems based on Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Functions Virtualization (NFV), together referred to as SDNFV. Presenting a comprehensive guide to the application of security mechanisms in the context of SDNFV, the content spans fundamental theory, practical solutions, and potential applications in future networks. Topics and features: Introduces the key security challenges of SDN, NFV and Cloud Computing, providing a detailed tutorial on NFV security Discusses the issue of trust in SDN/NFV environments, covering roots of trust services, and proposing a technique to evaluate trust by exploiting remote attestation Reviews a range of specific SDNFV security solutions, including a DDoS detection and remediation framework, and a security policy transition framework for SDN Describes the implementation of a virtual home gateway, and a project that combines dynamic security monitoring with big-data analytics to detect network-wide threats Examines the security implications of SDNFV in evolving and future networks, from network-based threats to Industry 4.0 machines, to the security requirements for 5G Investigates security in the Observe, Orient, Decide and Act (OODA) paradigm, and proposes a monitoring solution for a Named Data Networking (NDN) architecture Includes review questions in each chapter, to test the reader’s understanding of each of the key concepts described This informative and practical volume is an essential resource for researchers interested in the potential of SDNFV systems to address a broad range of network security challenges. The work will also be of great benefit to practitioners wishing to design secure next-generation communication networks, or to develop new security-related mechanisms for SDNFV systems. Dr. Shao Ying Zhu is a Senior Lecturer in Computing at the University of Derby, UK. Dr. Sandra Scott-Hayward is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland. Dr. Ludovic Jacquin is a Senior Researcher at Hewlett Packard Labs - the research organisation of Hewlett Packard Enterprise - in Bristol, UK. Prof. Richard Hill is the Head of the Department of Informatics and the Director of the Centre for Industrial Analytics at the University of Huddersfield, UK. The other publications of the editors include the Springer titles Guide to Security Assurance for Cloud Computing and Big-Data Analytics and Cloud Computing: Theory, Algorithms and Applications.
Jazwinski, S. Michal \ Belancio, Victoria P. \ Hill, Steve M. \ 2017
Aging - Circadian rhythms
Abstract: This book examines the role of circadian rhythms in aging, an emerging area of biology. Although implicated in aging and longevity for over forty years, the richness of the ways in which the circadian system impacts aging has become evident only more recently. The circadian system consists of a central pacemaker and a multitude of peripheral clocks, located in most cells throughout the organism. These clocks keep metabolic, physiological, and behavioral patterns in tune with the twenty-four hour day/night cycle and with each other. Disruptions of the circadian system, such as the presence of light at night, can have profound pathological implications. The core circadian oscillator consists of a multicomponent transcriptional feedback loop that regulates the periodicity of expression of some ten percent of the genes in the human genome. This easily explains the broad influence of the circadian system. The chapters in this volume fall into four sections that follow a brief introduction. They are written by experts performing the research in this field. The first section/chapter surveys the operation of the aging circadian system with a focus on melatonin signaling. In the second section, this theme is amplified through a discussion of the aging lung, bone, and gastrointestinal system. A section composed of eight chapters explores in detail cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with circadian system aging, in a range of experimental models. The studies reviewed include genetic, epigenetic, molecular, cell biological, metabolic, and physiologic approaches. The final section details the effects of sleep disruption on mortality risk in older adults and the effects of physical activity on circadian rhythms in the elderly, adding to the earlier discussion of the potential of chronotherapeutics. Advanced undergraduates and graduate students will find this book both a suitable introduction and a definitive treatment of the impact of circadian rhythms on aging. Instructors and researchers in circadian biology and in aging biology will discover this to be a valuable reference work, which brings these fields into juxtaposition and merger. This volume will contribute to further advances in this important interdisciplinary area.
Environmental protection : what everyone needs to know [Monograph]
Hill, Pamela \ 2017
Abstract: "Pamela Hill offers clear, engaging answers to some of the most pressing questions facing us today. She discusses the science behind current environmental issues, defining key terms such as ecosystems, pollutants, and endocrine disruptors. Hill explains why our environment needs protection, using examples from history and current events, from the Irish potato famine to the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and the drinking water crisis in Flint, Michigan. She also assesses the effectiveness of landmark laws and treaties, including the Clean Air Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the Kyoto Protocol ... Hill identifies the greatest environmental threats we are facing today and suggests what we need to do as citizens, businesspeople, and lawmakers to protect the environment for each other and for future generations."--Provided by publisher.
Abstract: Conflicts about wildlife are usually portrayed and understood as resulting from the negative impacts of wildlife on human livelihoods or property. However, a greater depth of analysis reveals that many instances of human-wildlife conflict are often better understood as people-people conflict, wherein there is a clash of values between different human groups. "Understanding Conflicts About Wildlife" unites academics and practitioners from across the globe to develop a holistic view of these interactions. It considers the political and social dimensions of 'human-wildlife conflicts' alongside effective methodological approaches, and will be of value to academics, conservationists and policy makers.
Abstract: This volume covers methods for the analysis of extracellular vesicles (EV) that can be applied to isolated EVs from a wide variety of sources. This includes the use of electron microscopy, tunable resistance pulse sensing, and nanoparticle tracking analysis. The chapters in this book discuss EV cargoes containing proteins and genomic materials using a number of different approaches, and isolating EVs from platelets and neuronal cells and tissues. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and comprehensive, Exosomes and Microvesicles: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource containing methodologies for anyone interested in researching EVs.
Abstract: Plant cell walls form an organic complex composite material that fulfils various functions. The hierarchical structure of this material is generated from the integration of its elementary components. This review provides an overview of wood as a composite material followed by its deconstruction into fibres that can then be incorporated into biobased composites. Firstly, the fibres are defined, and their various origins are discussed. Then, the organisation of cell walls and their components are described. The emphasis is on the molecular interactions of the cellulose microfibrils, lignin and hemicelluloses in planta. Hemicelluloses of diverse species and cell walls are described. Details of their organisation in the primary cell wall are provided, as understanding of the role of hemicellulose has recently evolved and is likely to affect our perception and future study of their secondary cell wall homologs. The importance of the presence of water on wood mechanical properties is also discussed. These sections provide the basis for understanding the molecular arrangements and interactions of the components and how they influence changes in fibre properties once isolated. A range of pulping processes can be used to individualise wood fibres, but these can cause damage to the fibres. Therefore, issues relating to fibre production are discussed along with the dispersion of wood fibres during extrusion. The final section explores various ways to improve fibres obtained from wood.
Zhu, Shao Ying \ Hill, Richard \ Trovati, Marcello \ 2015
Abstract: This practical and didactic text/reference discusses the leading edge of secure cloud computing, exploring the essential concepts and principles, tools, techniques and deployment models in this field. Enlightening perspectives are presented by an international collection of pre-eminent authorities in cloud security assurance from both academia and industry. Topics and features: · Describes the important general concepts and principles of security assurance in cloud-based environments · Presents applications and approaches to cloud security that illustrate the current state of the art · Reviews pertinent issues in relation to challenges that prevent organizations moving to cloud architectures · Provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings ·
Ehring, A. \ Eichenlaub, A \ Schabacker, A. \ Haase, B. \ Metzler, B. \ Meyer, C. \ Hapla, F. \ Peters, F. \ Busskamp, J. \ Dieler, J. \ Hill, J. \ Sabrowski, J. \ Stoffels, J. \ Husmann, K. \ Caspard, M. \ Neussel, M. \ Lemmen, P. \ Happe, R. \ Eichhorn, S. \ Hein, S. \ Jotz, S. \ Mader, S. \ Rust, S. \ Sachtleber, T. \ Kohnle, U. \ Bouffier, V.A. \ Konold, W. \ Wambsganß, W. \ 2015
Abstract: This book diagnoses the social, mental and political consequences of working and economic organizations that generate value from communication. It is argued that cognitive labour is now a key productive force in the economy, bringing with it precarious working conditions in the form of impermanence, fragmentation and the immeasurability of work time; that the constant attentive stress of productive communication is pushing society over the brink of an urgent mental health crisis; and that in both our social and working lives we are being constrained into forms of communication that are less empathetic and communal. How can we resist these pathologies of communicative capitalism? In posing such a question it is necessary to rethink the role of communication technologies in order to imagine a healthier and altogether fairer society.
Trovati, Marcello \ Hill, Richard \ Anjum, Ashiq \ Zhu, Shao Ying \ Liu, Lu \ 2015
Big data - Cloud computing
Abstract: This important and timely text/reference reviews the theoretical concepts, leading-edge techniques and practical tools involved in the latest multi-disciplinary approaches addressing the challenges of big data. Illuminating perspectives from both academia and industry are presented by an international selection of experts in big data science. Topics and features: Describes the innovative advances in theoretical aspects of big data, predictive analytics and cloud-based architectures Examines the applications and implementations that utilize big data in cloud architectures Surveys the state of the art in architectural approaches to the provision of cloud-based big data analytics functions Identifies potential research directions and technologies to facilitate the realization of emerging business models through big data approaches Provides relevant theoretical frameworks, empirical research findings, and numerous case studies Discusses real-world applications of algorithms and techniques to address the challenges of big datasets This authoritative volume will be of great interest to researchers, enterprise architects, business analysts, IT infrastructure managers and application developers, who will benefit from the valuable insights offered into the adoption of architectures for big data and cloud computing. The work is also suitable as a textbook for university instructors, with the outline for a possible course structure suggested in the preface. The editors are all members of the Computing and Mathematics Department at the University of Derby, UK, where Dr. Marcello Trovati serves as a Senior Lecturer in Mathematics, Dr. Richard Hillas a Professor and Head of the Computing and Mathematics Department, Dr. Ashiq Anjum as a Professor of Distributed Computing, Dr. Shao Ying Zhu as a Senior Lecturer in Computing, and Dr. Lu Liu as a Professor of Distributed Computing. The other publications of the editors include the Springer titles Guide to Security Assurance for Cloud Computing, Guide to Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing for Enterprise Architectures.
Abstract: Endocannabinoids, the latest volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into the neurobiology of migraines. It reviews the current knowledge and understanding in the field, and provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field.
Caregivers - Older people Care - Older people Family relationships
Abstract: The aging of the US population will have major impacts on family life in the twenty-first century. Over three-quarters of all caregiving help to the elderly is given by family and friends. This book brings together research from gerontology, social work, and sociology to summarize what is known about family caregiving in our aging population, exploring the implications for public policy, families, and individual lives.
Guo, Yike \ Friston, Karl \ Aldo, Faisal \ Hill, Sean \ Peng, Hanchuan \ 2015
computer sciences - man-machine interaction - computers - user interfaces - information systems - internet - image processing - machine vision - pattern recognition - information retrieval - information storage - artificial intelligence
Abstract: This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Conference on Brain Informatics and Health, BIH 2015, held in London, UK in August/ September 2015. The 42 full papers presented there carefully reviewed and selected from 82 submissions. Following the success of past conferences in this series, BIH 2015 has a strong emphasis on emerging trends of big data analysis and management technology for brain research, behavior learning, and real-world applications of brain science in human health and wellbeing.
Abstract: This book discusses the microbes that are essential to successful beer production and processing, and the ways they can pose hazards in terms of spoilage and sensory quality. The text examines the properties and management of these microorganisms in brewing, along with tactics for reducing spoilage and optimizing beer quality. It opens with an introduction to beer microbiology, covering yeast properties and management, and then delves into a review of spoilage bacteria and other contaminants and tactics to reduce microbial spoilage. Final sections explore the impact of microbiology on the sensory quality of beer and the safe management and valorisation of brewing waste.
MacLeod, Stuart \ Hill, Suzanne \ Koren, Gideon \ Rane, Anders \ 2015
therapy - pharmacology - medicine - paediatrics - public health
Abstract: This book is intended to communicate current best practice in pediatric clinical pharmacology and clinical pharmacy with special consideration of the prevailing circumstances and most pressing needs in developing countries. It also addresses measures that may be taken in countries with emerging economies through organizational and political adjustments to reduce unacceptable levels of morbidity and mortality among children and pregnant women with treatable diseases.
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