Abstract: Buckwheat Germplasm in the World offers an overview of this globally important crop, including its general characterization and genetic diversity-particularly in Russia, China, India and Eastern Europe. The book presents the latest research on molecular marker development, genetics and phenotype analysis of new wild buckwheat to examine the nutritional values of this pseudocereal crop. Due to its short growth span, ability to grow at high altitudes and the high quality of its protein content, buckwheat is considered an important crop for addressing global food needs. Ideal for researchers and advanced-level students seeking better understanding of the buckwheat germplasm.
Abstract: Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat describes the general characterization and genetic diversity of buckwheat (family Polygonaceae, genus Fagopyrum) around the globe (especially in Russia, China, India, and Eastern Europe), the arid and cool regions where it is most frequently consumed, and nutritional information on a variety of buckwheat uses, including tea, groats, flour, and noodles. With detailed information on buckwheat regeneration, genetic transformation, gene function analysis, and the metabolic engineering of bioactive compounds, the book guides readers through a variety of buckwheat varietal adaptations, providing foundation information on which additional research should be conducted. It is divided into four parts, including genetic resource and phylogenetic relationship, food nutrition, growth and cultivation, and molecular breeding, with each section providing insights into the most current developments. Addresses all aspects of buckwheat research, including genetic resources, biological nutrition, genetic transformation, and molecular breeding Presents global characterization on the genetic resource of Fagopyrum, giving researchers insights that will help them breed new cultivars Explores the bioactivity of buckwheat Includes detailed information on the environmental factors that affect the growth and production of buckwheat.
Rajpal, Vijay Rani \ Rao, S. Rama \ Raina, S. N.. \ 2016
Biodiversity - Plant breeding - Seeds Development
Abstract: Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement ,Volume 1 provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of major crop species. The book focuses on the exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources that are reservoires of desired genetic variability in the assimilation of important crop species for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The contributions also unravel the understanding of the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, to provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant breeders, geneticists, taxonomists, molecular biologists and plant biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.
Abstract: Al meerdere jaren zaai ik op redelijke schaal boekweit voor mijn bijen. Ik doe dat opdat bijen nog laat in het jaar voldoende voedsel hebben. Toen ik, een jaar of vijf geleden, begon met zaaien, las ik in de drachtplantengids voor de bijenteelt van Lei Hensels dat ik voor boekweithoning de oude Hollandse soorten moest hebben zoals ‘Staphorster bruine’, ‘Brabantse grijze’, of het ‘Kempische ras’. Maar helaas… hoe ik ook zocht, deze drie rassen waren twintig jaar na de ‘drachtplantengids’ domweg verdwenen! En dus zaai(de) ik tot nu toe de gewone boekweit. Een excursie naar telers in Duitsland liet zien dat oude rassen daar nog geteeld worden en verkrijgbaar zijn.
Abstract: De publicatie geeft een overzicht van de verschillende graansoorten en oude rassen. Aan de orde komen: Tarwe (Triticum aestivum), Eenkoorn (Triticum monococcum), Emmer (Triticum dicoccum), Spelt (Triticum spelta), Gerst (Hordeum vulgare), Haver (Avena sativa), Evene, Eeft of Evie (Avena strigosa), Rogge (Secale cereale), Boekweit (Fagopyrum esculentum).
Agriculture Data processing - Artificial intelligence Agricultural applications - Agriculture Data processing - Artificial intelligence Agricultural applications
Abstract: The two-volume set IFIP AICT 392 and 393 constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 6th IFIP TC 5, SIG 5.1 International Conference on Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture, CCTA 2012, held in Zhangjiajie, China, in October 2012. The 108 revised papers presented were carefully selected from numerous submissions. They cover a wide range of interesting theories and applications of information technology in agriculture, including Internet of things and cloud computing; simulation models and decision-support systems for agricultural production; smart sensor, monitoring, and control technology; traceability and e-commerce technology; computer vision, computer graphics, and virtual reality; the application of information and communication technology in agriculture; and universal information service technology and service systems development in rural areas. The 55 papers included in the second volume focus on GIS, GPS, RS, and Precision Farming.
Abstract: Cereals and Pulses: Nutraceutical Properties and Health Benefits provides a summary of current research findings related to phytochemical compositions and properties of cereal and pulse crops. Each major cereal and pulse is discussed for its nutraceutical properties. Coverage of cereals and pulse crops includes barley, oats, rice, rye, corn, adlay, wheat, buckwheat, psyllium, sorghum, millet, common beans, field peas, faba beans, chickpea, lentil and soybeans. Chapters for each crop discuss methods to improve crop utilization, nutraceutical components and properties, bioactive compositions, antioxidant properties, beneficial health effects, disease prevention activities and areas for future research. Also included are two chapters that discuss the beneficial health properties of dietary fibers and antioxidants with focus on the mechanisms involved in their biological actions. Edited and authored by an international team of respected researchers, Cereals and Pulses will serve as a timely and long lasting guide for scientists working in food ingredients, food product research and development, functional foods and nutraceuticals, crop breeding and genetics, post-harvest treatment and processing of cereal grains and pulses, and human nutrition to effect value-added food innovation for health promotion and disease risk reduction.
Cereals and pulses : nutraceutical properties and health benefits [Monograph]
Yu, L. \ Tsao, R. \ Shahidi, F. \ 2012
cereals - legumes - bioactive compounds - nutrition and health - phytochemistry
Abstract: Cereals and Pulses: Nutraceutical Properties and Health Benefits provides a summary of current research findings related to phytochemical composition and properties of cereal and pulse crops. The nutraceutical properties of each major cereal and pulse are discussed. Coverage of cereals and pulse crops includes barley, oats, rice, rye, corn, adlay, wheat, buckwheat, psyllium, sorghum, millet, common beans, field peas, faba beans, chickpea, lentil and soybeans. Chapters for each crop discuss methods to improve crop utilization, nutraceutical components and properties, bioactive compositions, antioxidant properties, beneficial health effects, disease prevention activities, and areas for future research. Also included are two chapters that examine the beneficial health properties of dietary fibers and antioxidants.
animals - agriculture and environment - livestock - aquaculture - farming systems - mediterranean region - Animal industry Environmental aspects
Abstract: Livestock production systems are the result of an interaction between domestic animals and the environment, modulated by man, that dates back to Neolithic times. As a consequence of this interaction among the wide diversity of animal resources, natural habitats and population needs, very different farming systems have developed across the Mediterranean Basin. Understanding the mechanisms and effects of these relationships is key to design the farming systems best adapted to each condition, guaranteeing an adequate balance between target animal production and environmental outcomes provided by these systems. This is indeed a multidimensional topic, influenced by animal genetics, feeding resources, flock management, and economic and social aspects inside and outside the household. Therefore, this book focuses on the basis of the animal-environment interactions and the impact of human activities on the type and magnitude of these interactions. In this context, the issue of sustainability of livestock production is evaluated considering economic, social and environmental aspects. This book contributes to upgrade the state of the art in Mediterranean conditions, providing indicators and procedures of application across a wide range of systems, and hence of interest for researchers, students and professionals concerned with livestock production and the environment.
Abstract: Bread and flour-based foods are an important part of the diet for millions of people worldwide. Their complex nature provides energy, protein, minerals and many other macro- and micronutrients. However, consideration must be taken of three major aspects related to flour and bread. The first is that not all cultures consume bread made from wheat flour. There are literally dozens of flour types, each with their distinctive heritage, cultural roles and nutritive contents. Secondly, not all flours are used to make leavened bread in the traditional (i.e., Western) loaf form. There are many different ways that flours are used in the production of staple foods. Thirdly, flour and breads provide a suitable means for fortification: either to add components that are removed in the milling and purification process or to add components that will increase palatability or promote health and reduce disease per se. Flour and Breads their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention provides a single-volume reference to the healthful benefits of a variety of flours and flour products, and guides the reader in identifying options and opportunities for improving health through flour and fortified flour products. Examines those four and break related agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions. Explores the impact of compositional differences between flours, including differences based on country of origin and processing technique. Includes methods for analysis of flours and bread-related compounds in other foods.
Abstract: Hoezo boekweit een vergeten groente? Formeel is boekweit een vrucht en geen graan, maar we gebruiken het wel alsof het graan is, vooral in de vorm van meel. Helemaal vergeten is boekweit ook niet, maar alle boekweit die in Nederland wordt verkocht, komt uit het buitenland. In Nederland zelf wordt boekweit niet of nauwelijks verbouwd. In de biologische landbouw wordt er met dit gewas geëxperimenteerd.
Abstract: Three 4-month-old growing wether goats were used to determine the ruminal P degradability of three classes of feedstuffs with in situ nylon bag technique. Three classes of feedstuffs were cereal (maize, wheat, barley, buckwheat, rice, millet, and sorghum), legume (horsebean, soybean, pea, mungbean, and jequirity) and tuber (potato, sweat potato, and cassava). The experiment consisted of 15 periods. During each period, the ruminal P disappearance of each one of these feedstuffs was measured at 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 36 h, respectively. The exponential model of Ørskov and McDonald was employed to estimate degradation kinetics. Results showed that the degradability of feed P ranged from 805 to 986 g/kg P. Effective degradability of P generally exceeded 830 g/kg P, except for rice and millet. This updates the feed database of in situ P degradability in China, which would play an important role in improving biological P efficiency for modern ruminant production system
Abstract: This book discusses the application of transgenics to alternative crops such as palm oil, papaya, buckwheat, tef, and sorghum to secure the future world's food supply and improve the ecological balance that result from the world’s human population rise. The application of transgenics is advocated to enhance the potential for domestication of alternative crops and reduce dependency on major crops. Also it describes a number of ecological benefits that could be derived with the aid of transgenics.
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