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The catalyst for sustainable bio-based industries in Europe [Monograph]
Mengal, P. \ 2018
biobased economy - agro-industrial chains - european union - renewable energy - biomass

Abstract:
The bioeconomy covers the use of renewable biological resources and their conversion into food, feed, bio-based products and biofuels via a range of technologies. Bio-based industries are a significant sub-sector of the bioeconomy. Bio-based industries use renewable and sustainably-sourced biological raw materials, called biomass, as the basic materials for producing intermediate and end-user products.

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Sustainable protein technology : an evaluation on the STW Protein programme and an outlook for the future [Monograph]
Voudouris, Panagiotis \ Tamayo Tenorio, Angelica \ Lesschen, Jan Peter \ Kyriakopoulou, Konstantina \ Sanders, Johan P.M. \ Goot, Atze Jan van der \ Bruins, Marieke E. \ 2017
nutrition - proteins - plant protein - biomass - biorefinery - agro-industrial chains

Abstract:
In 2013 a new STW research programme was started on sustainable protein recovery. This STW Protein Programme consisted of five sustainable protein technology projects, which aimed at developing innovative methods to extract proteins from plant leaves, microalgae and insects to meet the increasing demand for food proteins for humans and livestock. The aim of the additional STW-project ‘Meer en Beter Eiwit’ was to summarize and evaluate the main results and conclusions of these five projects. Besides, some more recent additional insight on protein extraction was supplemented. Project partners including WUR, knowledge institutes and industry were interviewed to obtain their opinion on the project performed and future research needs.This has led to a vision document that gives direction to future research in the field of protein and technology.The approach of this project was to study the topic from start (biomass) via technology to finish (product). It was further put into a larger perspective, looking at the entire chain. When relevant, additional aspects such a soil quality and global protein demands were included.Biomass choice. When choosing a particular protein-recovery technology,biomass selection is the first requirement. Much research is being done on new biomass. However, the use of existing raw materials and residual flows should not be neglected.By building on existing processes and chains, fast(er)implementation is possible. Traditional crops like grain are relatively dry, and the proteins are present in protein bodies. Therefore, they are more easily extracted and give high yields and purities. New, green crops still require a lot of development.Protein streams in the world Protein-rich sources, like soybeans, rapeseed, maize and wheat are being consumed by both humans and animals.The crop with the largest production volume in Europe is is wheat, followed by potato, maize and barley. Together these four crops cover about 85% of the production of protein crops. Worldwide, maize is the largest crop. By far, the largest amount of proteins is being used in feed (>75%),followed by food consumption. Only a limited amount of proteins is isolated for specific use, for example as emulsifiers in different food formulations. An even smaller amount is used for application in chemicals or materials.Protein purity and functionality. Much research from the past focused on obtaining pure protein, e.g. RuBisCo from green leaves or protein from potato juice. Such processes can be economically feasible if the protein produced has a specific functionality, which allows for use as a high-quality food ingredient. However,high purity is not always required to obtain a certain functionality. In such cases the use of less refined,functional fractions is an interesting alternative.Mild separation and fractionation. When purified components are replaced by functional fractions, less intensive separation conditions can be used.Dry separation of proteins yielding a concentrate could bean alternative to wet separation yielding an isolate. Energy consumption is less, and a more native protein can be obtained. Fractionation can also lead to more complete use of biomass, generating little to no side streams.Chain approach for economy and sustainability. Next, it is also important to include the possibility of complete utilization of the raw material and closing cycles.These latter aspects can make or break economic feasibility and sustainability in a process. Efficient and effective use of protein and nitrogen, while maintaining biodiversity, is the most important development point for sustaining life on this earth. Modern agriculture should further improve nitrogen and feed use efficiencies to increase sustainability. Program evaluation. Next to conclusions on the content of the five projects, the evaluation also provides conclusions on the set-up of the STW/EZ programme on sustainable protein. Both academic and industrial participants acknowledged the added value of the link between fundamental research by a PhD and applied research by research institutes that was made in the project set-up. They also partly attributed the project successes to the multidisciplinary approach in the projects. The possibility within the projects to look at all aspects, and the ability to think anew on existing processes and develop new concepts of biorefinery greatly added to current scientific knowledge on protein extraction.

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Efficiënte keten : preventie reststromen : rapportage 2015/2016 [Monograph]
Staps, Sjef \ Tromp, Seth \ Gogh, Bart van \ Burgh, Marianne van der \ 2017
residual streams - organic farming - agro-industrial chains - organic foods - food chains - losses - perishable products - keeping quality - food wastage - storage life

Abstract:
Het onderhavige rapport is bedoeld als openbare verslaglegging van de eerste twee onderzoeksjaren van het publiek-private samenwerking (PPS) project ‘Efficiënte keten, preventie reststromen’ (2015-2018). De ambitie van dit PPS-project is om derving (verspilling) in de biologische agrifood-keten te voorkomen, en daar waar reststromen ontstaan de kansen voor het vermarkten van deze reststromen te vergroten. Het rapport kan gebruikt worden als referentie voor het vinden van mogelijkheden om derving (verspilling) te voorkomen en daar waar reststromen desondanks ontstaan de kansen voor het vermarkten van deze reststromen te vergroten.

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Kansen bieden voor agro-ecologie in het landbouwonderwijs [Monograph]
Triste, L. \ Debruyne, L. \ Marchand, F. \ 2017
education - organic farming - arable farming - agroecology - agro-industrial chains - agroindustrial sector

Abstract:
De stijgende wereldbevolking, globalisering, klimaatverandering, milieuproblemen, verstedelijking, economische en financiële crisissen zetten ons landbouwsysteem onder druk. Het concept en de wetenschap “agro-ecologie” wil aangrijpingspunten bieden om deze complexe uitdagingen aan te gaan en bij te dragen aan de verduurzaming van het landbouw- en voedselsysteem. Dit gebeurt door een doorgedreven systeemgerichte aanpak, waarin een evenwicht in de natuurlijke processen en met de natuurlijke omgeving nagestreefd wordt, en waarin alle socio-economische actoren uit de productie- en consumptieketen en gebruikers van de open ruimte betrokken worden. Agro-ecologie is dan ook eerder een richtinggevend concept, dan een duidelijk definieerbaar begrip. Dit concept is door de jaren heen geëvolueerd tot een integratieve studie, of de ecologie, van het volledige agrovoedingssysteem, waarbij ecologische, economische en sociale dimensies samen worden meegenomen.1 Deze definitie omvat dus het hele agrovoedingssysteem en verenigt op deze manier de productieve dimensie met de dimensie van de keten en de consumptie. Op basis van deze definitie werden agro-ecologische principes2 ontwikkeld, die de complexiteit van het concept proberen te vatten. Ze kunnen ruwweg onderverdeeld worden in ecologische, socio-economische en basisprincipes. Deze principes laten toe om richting te geven aan ontwikkeling en opleiding.

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Food for the Circular Economy : policy brief [Monograph]
Rood, Trudy \ Muilwijk, Hanneke \ Westhoek, Henk \ 2017
change - cycling - economics - food production - food wastage - natural resources - resource management - agro-industrial chains - residual streams - biobased economy

Abstract:
Making the transition to a circular economy requires a radical transformation of various production chains. The food chain is just one. Various policy areas are faced with the task of precipitating this transition to a circular food system. Added value can be achieved by taking an integrated approach to the transition; in this policy brief, the authors set out a framework for such an integrated approach. The authors have identified three requirements for this. Firstly, in a circular economy, natural resources must be effectively used and managed. Such resources include soil, water and biodiversity, but also minerals. These resources are essential to be able to produce renewable resources. Secondly, optimum use of food is important. Reducing food waste is an important starting point in this context, as is a diet with less highly processed food, or more vegetable protein and less animal protein. Also important is a reduced use of natural resources and less environmental pressure. Finally, it is important to make optimum use of residue streams, such as tomato stalks, beet pulp and stale bread. In this way, as little biomass as possible will be lost.

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Towards an inclusive and sustainable economy [Monograph]
Meijl, Hans van \ Ruben, Ruerd \ Reinhard, Stijn \ 2017
food security - food supply - food production - sustainable agriculture - sustainable development - biobased economy - agro-industrial chains - economic development

Abstract:
One of the major challenges facing global society today is the provision of food, water, energy, healthcare and other resources & services in a world characterised by increasing population, mounting environmental stresses and rising inequality. There is a need for circular and resilient food systems which close material flow loops in the entire supply chain from farm ers to consumers and back. This should be done in a resource-efficient manner that includes all relevant actors. This position paper summarises insights by Hans van Meijl, Stijn Reinhard and Ruerd Ruben from Wageningen Economic Research into what has been dubbed the inclusive and sustainable economy. Therefore, five overarching challenges, five scoping issues, and five beneficial economic principles are discussed. In addition, the authors formulate five key insights regarding feasible policy strategies and attempt to contribute to the analysis of leverage points relevant to upscaling and to anchoring market innovations that sustain sustainable and inclusive agri-food systems.

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Van grond tot bord : Van grond tot industrieel product en terug? [Monograph]
Muylle, H. \ 2016
biobased economy - agroindustrial sector - sustainable development - agro-industrial chains - biomass - natural resources - resource conservation - economic development - flanders

Abstract:
Landbouw en visserij zijn van oudsher en nog steeds gericht op de productie van voeding. In de 21ste eeuw lonkt de bio-economie – food of non-food – echter in toenemende mate naar de primaire sector. Sinds 2014 heeft het ILVO-onderzoeksteam een visie en een onderzoeksstrategie ontwikkeld rond het potentieel van de bio-economie voor de Vlaamse agro-industrie. Vier groepen van BE-gerelateerde onderzoeksprojecten zijn intussen uitgegroeid tot aantrekkelijke clusters van expertise. Naar aanleiding van een studie- en netwerkevent “Bio-economie@ILVO”, op 18 november 2016 maakten we deze brochure waar we een licht werpen op onze visie en strategie, ons BE-gerelateerd onderzoek. We zoeken naar antwoorden op diverse vragen: Hoe dringen we het gebruik van fossiele grondstoffen terug? Hoe produceren we zo duurzaam mogelijk biomassa? Hoe verwerken we deze biomassa zo efficiënt mogelijk in een brede waaier van biogebaseerde producten? Wat kan de bio-economie betekenen voor Vlaanderen en meer specifiek voor de agro-industrie? Hoe innoveren Vlaamse bioeconomie pioniers?

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Wie ‘graait’ het geld in de rundvleeskolom? : magere verdiensten in de vleesveehouderij kunnen eerlijker verdeeld worden \ VeeteeltVlees : vakblad voor vleesveehouders in Nederland en Belgie [Article]
Nantier, G. \ 2016
beef cattle - animal husbandry - beef cattle - animal husbandry - profitability - agricultural economics - business economics - supply chain management - agro-industrial chains - agroindustrial sector

Abstract:
Net als bij de varkenshouders en de meeste melkveehouders is de rentabiliteit van de vleesveebedrijven momenteel negatief. Onderzoek van de Belgische overheidsdienst Economie ontkracht de mythe dat er verderop in de rundvleeskolom intussen wél grof geld wordt verdiend

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Demeter keurmerk op weg naar de toekomst : kwaliteit garanderen in de hele keten \ Dynamisch perspectief / Vereniging voor Biologisch-dynamische Landbouw [Article]
Winkel, E. \ 2016
biodynamic farming - farm management - certification - biodynamic farming - food chains - supply chain management - agro-industrial chains - quality management

Abstract:
Mogen Demeter producten in de supermarkt liggen – een handelskanaal dat zich primair door commerciële wetmatigheden laat leiden? Kunnen criteria voor eerlijke handel in de Demeter- voorwaarden worden vastgelegd? Hoe kan Stichting Demeter bijdragen aan kwaliteitsontwikkeling door de hele keten heen, zodat de D van BD ook op sociaal-economisch vlak zichtbaar wordt?

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Monitoringsprotocol Energie Duurzame Zuivelketen [Monograph]
Hoogeveen, M. W.. \ Helmes, R. J. K.. \ Doornewaard, G. J.. \ Smit, P. X.. \ Reijs, J. W.. \ 2016
dairy farming - sustainability - agriculture and environment - sustainable energy - monitoring - emission reduction - agro-industrial chains - dairy farms - netherlands

Abstract:
With the Sustainable Dairy Chain initiative, dairy businesses and dairy farmers are pursuing a futureproof and responsible dairy sector. A monitoring protocol has been developed for the theme ‘Climateneutral development’. This protocol describes the calculation methods and data sources in a systematic manner. The protocol was created following a request by the Sustainable Dairy Chain steering group and developed by LEI Wageningen UR in collaboration with the ‘Climate-neutral development’ programme team and various other stakeholders. This project was also used to make improvements to the monitor thus providing more insight into sector developments in terms of the energy objectives.

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Productieketen van regen, gras, melk en vlees : Aidan Cotter: ‘uiteindelijk moet elke Ier ambassadeur van onze agrosector zijn’ \ VeeteeltVlees : vakblad voor vleesveehouders in Nederland en Belgie [Article]
Versteeg, D. \ 2016
beef cattle - animal husbandry - irish republic - agricultural sector - agricultural economics - sustainable agriculture - farm management - agro-industrial chains - sustainable animal husbandry - food production

Abstract:
De Ierse economie laat na het zware jaar 2008 weer een stijgende lijn zien. Ierland weet het ‘groene imago’ van de landbouwsector goed te vermarkten in het buitenland, vooral door het duurzaamheidsprogramma Origin Green. Duurzaam produceren is de enige manier om de wereld door te geven aan onze kinderen en kleinkinderen, vindt Aidan Cotter, directeur van Origin Green.

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Een circulair voedselsysteem is méér dan sluiten van kringlopen [Website]
Dagevos, H. \ 2016
food policy - economic development - food production - cycling - resource management - sustainable development - agro-industrial chains

Abstract:
Een circulaire economie draait, kortweg, om het sluiten van kringlopen, en kent vooral milieutechnologische en logistieke benaderingen als kennispijlers. Maar een circulaire economie heeft evenzeer een sociaaleconomische invulling nodig. Hoe populair het tegenwoordig ook is in de beleids- en onderzoekswereld om voorstander te zijn van de circulaire economie, de vorming ervan vereist een fundamentele omslag. Attentie mag er daarom zijn om de animo waarmee vandaag de dag de noodzaak van een circulair voedselsysteem wordt bepleit te verbinden aan de animo waarmee werk wordt gemaakt van de condities waaronder deze transitie kan gedijen.

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Productieketen van regen, gras, melk en vlees : Aidan Cotter: ‘Uiteindelijk moet elke Ier ambassadeur van onze agrosector zijn’ \ Veeteelt : magazine van het Koninklijk Nederlands Rundvee Syndicaat NRS [Article]
Versteeg, D. \ 2016
cattle - dairy cattle - dairy farming - animal breeding - animal production - netherlands - irish republic - sustainable animal husbandry - sustainability - food production - milk products - public-private cooperation - agro-industrial chains - world markets - food marketing - agricultural policy -

Abstract:
De Ierse economie laat na het zware jaar 2008 weer een stijgende lijn zien. Ierland weet het ‘groene imago’ van onder meer de zuivelsector goed te vermarkten in het buitenland, vooral door het duurzaamheidsprogramma Origin Green. Duurzaam produceren is de enige manier om de wereld door te geven aan onze kinderen en kleinkinderen, vindt Aidan Cotter, directeur van Origin Green.

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An updated generic architecture describing compliance in Agri-Food Supply Chains : (D1.2.3) [Monograph]
Kruize, J.W. \ Robbemond, R.M. \ Verwaart, T. \ 2016
agro-industrial chains - food chains - food supply - computer software - efficiency - business economics

Abstract:
In this report a generic architecture is presented comprising an inventory of the most important actors, roles, processes and information that are relevant in the processes of standardisation, certification and compliance in Agri-Food Supply Chains. This architecture becomes part of an architectural framework. The architectural framework aims to reduce the paper -based administration by improving digitalisation of compliance processes and to enable a more efficient and effective data exchange in the field of compliance.

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Sustainability metrics for agri-food supply chains [PhD thesis]
Gatán Cremachi, Daniel \ 2016
food supply - food chains - agro-industrial chains - sustainability - western europe - vietnam
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Actieplan vitalisering varkenshouderij [Letter]
Dam, Martijn van \ 2016
animal welfare - animal production - pigs - agro-industrial chains - future - animal health - animal housing - labelling - markets
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Marktvraag komt op gang : waardecreatie in de primaire sector \ Agro & chemie : ondernemen in de biobased economy [Article]
Joppen, L. \ 2016
economic development - biobased economy - entrepreneurship - chemical industry - agricultural sector - netherlands - flanders - biobased chemistry - biobased materials - agro-industrial chains - supply chain management - innovations - product development - markets - biomass - biobased economy

Abstract:
Hoe vergroten en borgen agri-ondernemers hun waarde in biobased ketens? Het is niet gemakkelijk, maar zeker niet onmogelijk. Vraag vanuit de markt is een absolute voorwaarde om zulke ketens op te zetten. Goed nieuws voor de primaire sector is dat deze langzaam maar zeker op gang komt.

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Finse vleeskippenhouderij focust op dierenwelzijn \ Management&techniek [Article]
Van Bavel, J. \ 2016
agriculture - agricultural engineering - agricultural products - horticulture - arable farming - agriculture - agricultural engineering - agricultural products - horticulture - arable farming - fowls - animal welfare - animal health - industrial hygiene - fodder - agro-industrial chains - finland - animal production - poultry - broilers - animal behaviour - animal housing - animal nutrition

Abstract:
De vleeskippenhouderij in Finland wordt gekenmerkt door een lage ziektedruk, gestuurde productie en strenge hygiënemaatregelen. Bijna 30 vleeskuikenhouders namen er de voerproductie zelf in handen door een voerfabriek op te richten.

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Meerwaarde voor de hele keten \ Management&techniek [Article]
Vandenbosch, A. \ 2016
agriculture - agricultural engineering - agricultural products - horticulture - arable farming - agriculture - agricultural engineering - agricultural products - horticulture - arable farming - livestock farming - beef cattle - pigs - agro-industrial chains - fodder - algae - marketing - meat production

Abstract:
Omega 3-vetzuren hebben gunstige effecten op de gezondheid. Lukt de aanvoer ervan echter ook via varkensvlees? Na goed 15 jaar onderzoek kan deze vraag eindelijk positief worden beantwoord dankzij een rantsoen met algenextracten. Bart Snels is een van de producenten van deze Bel’vidha-varkens. Vleesverwerker Risa brengt het vlees op de markt.

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Financial value-chain analysis : tuna, shrimp, soy and beef [Monograph]
Duijn, Arie Pieter van \ Beukers, Rik \ Cowan, Roberta B. \ Judge, Lucas \ Pijl, Willem van der \ Römgens, Indra \ Scheele, Fleur \ Steinweg, Tim \ 2016
supply chain management - agro-industrial chains - commodities - retail marketing - finance - tuna - shrimps - glycine (fabaceae) - beef - world

Abstract:
This brochure offers a detailed analysis of the financial vehicles and mechanisms that drive the expansion of production of the following four commodities: skipjack canned tuna; cultured shrimp; soy; and beef. The commodities were selected in view of their global economic importance and their potentially adverse impact on the environment. The financial sector (investors, lenders, insurers, funds, etc.) serves as a gate-keeper to capital flows that are critical in supporting companies’ expansions of operational capacity. This sector can significantly influence how these businesses exploit renewable resources. In this brochure therefore:  The supply chains for each commodity were verified by geography;  The top companies in each segment of the supply chain were identified (e.g. farmers, primary processors, etc.); and  Primary sources of financing were identified.

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