Abstract: Dit proefschrift draagt bij tot een beter begrip van de interacties tussen de bodem-waterplant systemen en tot meer geavanceerde procesgerichte modelmatige benaderingen. Bovendien wordt antwoord gegeven op vier onderzoeksvragen: 1. Wat is de rol van de verticale waterstromen zoals capillaire opstijging en recirculerend percolatiewater op de gewasopbrengsten? 2. Hoe kunnen we droogte-, zout- en zuurstof-stress modelleren en wat is hun invloed op de gewasopbrengsten? 3. Kunnen we de impact van verschillende stress-vormen op de graslandproductie in Nederland voorspellen? 4. Wat is de invloed van veranderingen in grondwaterstanden en landgebruik op gewasopbrengsten en grondwateraanvulling?
NewClimate Institute \ PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency \ International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, \ 2018
greenhouse gases - emission reduction - biofuels - biobased economy - biogas - energy policy - renewable energy
Abstract: This document presents an overview of climate and energy policies adopted between July 2017 and April 2018 in 25 countries and regions. The policy information compiled by NewClimate Institute, PBL and IIASA in this document supplements the November 2017 report on the projected greenhouse gas (GHG ) emissions under current ly implemented policies and mitigation commitments provides not only the qualitative descriptions of policies but also their possible implications on GHG emissions projections in 2030 whenever available.
Abstract: This book provides the concise descriptions of the basic and clinical knowledge about Acanthamoba keratitis, including characteristics of pathogen, risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment with abundant figure illustrations and typical cases to ophthalmological practitioners and researchers. Acanthamoeba pathogen is widely distributed in the nature. However, Acanthamoeba keratitis is generally considered as a type of sight-threatening keratitis that is difficult to treat. At early stage Acanthamoeba keratitis usually shows atypical clinical manifestations, that are often misdiagnosed as viral or bacterial keratitis. Moreover, there are not approved topical anti-amoebicdrugs available up to now. We hope ophthalmological practitioners can obtain a comprehensive understanding of this infection through this book. Xuguang Sun is a professor of Ophthalmology at Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Gillespie, M. Boyd \ Walvekar, Rohan R.. \ Schaitkin, Barry M.. \ Eisele, David W.. \ 2018
Medicine - Otolaryngology, Operative - Surgery - Salivary glands Surgery
Abstract: Salivary Endoscopy is a rapidly emerging field that has revolutionized the management of non-neoplastic diseases of the salivary gland, such as salivary stones, sialadenitis, and salivary duct stenosis. With the emergence of endoscopic access to the salivary ductal system, several procedural and technical innovations have emerged that have now permitted gland preservation surgery for these pathologies. As more centers and physicians are adopting this rapidly emerging and evolving procedure, there is a need for source of literature that provides current concepts and detailed technical descriptions of the procedures that involve gland preservation surgery. This text intends to capture the current concepts among experts and in literature regarding the management of non-neoplastic salivary gland diseases. The book also focuses on steps of surgical management and technical pearls while providing detailed information on the decision-making process when emcompassing the diversity of clinical presentation, intra-operative decision-making and post op care. Gland Preservation Surgery provides high quality illustrations, clinical and operative images, and videos that serve as an online resource to salivary gland surgeons and endoscopists with varying experience and expertise. .
Abstract: "This book provides wide-ranging information on current clinical and scientific knowledge on the various aspects of fissure sealing. Trends in the epidemiology of caries are first examined, followed by thorough description of the morphology of pits and fissures and types of sealant. The role of sealants in the prevention of caries is discussed. Diagnostic parameters are presented, along with step-by-step descriptions of clinical procedures for fissure sealing. Chapters are also included on alternative techniques of fissure sealing, sealing of carious fissures, and therapeutic fissure sealing. The final chapter in the book focuses on the cost effectiveness of the procedure. Tooth surfaces with pits and fissures are particularly vulnerable to caries development. Sealants were developed to help manage these sites of the tooth and safeguard the surfaces from decay. This book has been written by acknowledged experts in the field. It will be of value for all dental professionals seeking to deepen their understanding of current knowledge on the science and the clinical application of pit and fissure sealants."--
Abstract: Get to work quickly with C# with a uniquely succinct and visual format used to present the C# 7.0 language. Whether you’re getting to grips with C# for the first time or working to deepen your understanding, you’ll find this book to be a clear and refreshing take on each aspect of the language. Figures are of prime importance in this book. While teaching programming seminars, Daniel Solis found that he could almost watch the light bulbs going on over the students’ heads as he drew the figures on the whiteboard. In this text, he has distilled each important concept into simple but accurate illustrations. For this latest edition, Dan is joined by fellow experienced teacher and programmer, Cal Schrotenboer, to bring you the very latest C# language features, along with an understanding of the frameworks it most often lives in: .NET and the new .NET Core. For something as intricate and precise as a programming language, there must be text as well as figures. But rather than long, wordy explanations, the authors use short, concise descriptions and bullet lists to make each important piece of information visually distinct and memorable. What You’ll Learn: Start with an overview of C# programming and how the language works under the hood Put things in context with a little useful history of C# and .NET Know how .NET Core fits into the picture Understand how C# handles types Benefit from clear, concise explanations of each language feature, from classes and inheritance to enumerators and iterators, and the new C# 7.0 tuples Quickly access material via this book's visual introduction to asynchronous programming with C#.
Veterinary pathology - Evidence, Expert - Animal welfare - Medical jurisprudence - Veterinary forensic medicine
Abstract: This richly illustrated two-volume book offers a comprehensive and essential reference guide for veterinary pathologists and clinical veterinarians interested in performing animal necropsies for forensic casework. It presents a broad range of animal crime cases, with particular focus on the post mortem examination and the observed pathology. This first volume introduces readers to veterinary forensics and the role of the veterinary pathologist in animal crime investigations. It guides them through the process of evidence collection and documentation, and covers the fundamentals of forensic necropsy and the estimation of time since death. In-depth descriptions of how to conduct the forensic evaluation of various traumatic injuries, firearm injuries, and asphyxia are also provided. .
Olivares-Quiroz, Luis \ Resendis-Antonio, Osbaldo \ 2018
Biophysics - Macromolecules Analysis
Abstract: This book presents cutting-edge research on the use of physical and mathematical formalisms to model and quantitatively analyze biological phenomena ranging from microscopic to macroscopic systems. The systems discussed in this compilation cover protein folding pathways, gene regulation in prostate cancer, quorum sensing in bacteria to mathematical and physical descriptions to analyze anomalous diffusion in patchy environments and the physical mechanisms that drive active motion in large sets of particles, both fundamental descriptions that can be applied to different phenomena in biology. All chapters are written by well-known experts on their respective research fields with a vast amount of scientific discussion and references in order the interested reader can pursue a further reading. Given these features, we consider Quantitative Models for Microscopic to Macroscopic Biological Macromolecules and Tissues as an excellent and up-to-date resource and reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and junior researchers interested in the latest developments at the intersection of physics, mathematics, molecular biology, and computational sciences. Such research field, without hesitation, is one of the most interesting, challenging and active of this century and the next.
Abstract: This book focuses on the latest genome sequencing of the 25 wild Oryza species, public and private genomic resources, and their impact on genetic improvement research. It also addresses the untapped reservoir of agronomically important traits in wild Oryza species. Rice is a model crop plant that is frequently used to address several basic questions in plant biology, yet its wild relatives offer an untapped source of agronomically important alleles that are absent in the rice gene pool. The genus Oryza is extremely diverse, as indicated by a wide range of chromosome numbers, different ploidy levels and genome sizes. After a 13-year gap from the first sequencing of rice in the 2002, the genomes of 11 wild Oryza species have now been sequenced and more will follow. These vast genomic resources are extremely useful for addressing several basic questions on the origin of the genus, evolutionary relationships between the species, domestication, and environmental adaptation, and also help to substantiate molecular breeding and pre-breeding work to introgress useful characters horizontally from wild species into cultivated rice.
Abstract: This is a comprehensive work summarizing the current state of knowledge of the biology of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of Southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho and Maputo Province, Mozambique). It provides an overview of the history of tick research in Southern Africa and the evolution of our knowledge of the ticks’ distribution and biology, as well as the methods used to determine tick distribution, abundance and host preference. The morphologies of most of the tick species known to occur in Southern Africa are described and illustrated, and their distributions are described and mapped in relation to the biomes of the region. The known hosts for each tick species are listed, and the tick’s host preferences are discussed. Information on most species life cycle in the laboratory and the field, and their seasonal occurrence, is summarized. The diseases of animals and humans transmitted or caused by each tick species are summarized in relation to tick ecology. Aspects of the biology of the major hosts relevant to tick infestations are described, and extensive tick/host and host/tick lists are provided for each country.
Abstract: Buckwheat Germplasm in the World offers an overview of this globally important crop, including its general characterization and genetic diversity-particularly in Russia, China, India and Eastern Europe. The book presents the latest research on molecular marker development, genetics and phenotype analysis of new wild buckwheat to examine the nutritional values of this pseudocereal crop. Due to its short growth span, ability to grow at high altitudes and the high quality of its protein content, buckwheat is considered an important crop for addressing global food needs. Ideal for researchers and advanced-level students seeking better understanding of the buckwheat germplasm.
Abstract: Now in its fully revised and updated second edition, this comprehensive, how-to text covers all aspects of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA), complete with step-by-step descriptions of surgical techniques. Divided thematically into three main sections, part I discusses evaluation and diagnosis of the failed TKA, including imaging and updates on incidence and rationale for reoperation. General principles of revision surgery are presented in part II, addressing skin and extensile exposure, component removal, allografts, metaphyseal sleeves and cones, femoral and tibial alignment, and restoration of stability. Part III presents the many special considerations that come into play with revision TKA, including periprosthetic fracture, infection, stiffness and other post-operative complications and complexities. The role of arthrodesis and the economics of revision TKA are also elucidated. Utilizing the most current evidence and generously illustrated, orthopedic surgeon s, sports medicine specialists and residents alike will find Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty, Second Edition a thorough and informative resource when treating the patient following knee replacement surgery.
Business education - Management Study and teaching
Abstract: This book discusses the challenges facing business schools and management education systems around the world. Based on documented descriptions of institutional and competitive dynamics in the ‘industry’ of management education, the authors show how management education is going through major changes such as new governance and business models, mergers and acquisitions, internationalisation of faculty and students coexisting with entrenchment in local markets, ever more needs for financial resources, development of distant and blended learning, and increasing pressure for research output to boost rankings. With concerns surrounding the sustainability of current trends in faculty salary inflation, social acceptability of higher fees, cost of distance learning and the risk of an academic-industry divide around knowledge produced by management research, The Future of Management Education develops an analysis of business models and discusses strategic implications for stakeholders. The second volume extends the discussion to a total of 23 countries to bring a genuinely global perspective and move away from the Euro-centric outlook. The countries covered in the second volume include China, Brazil, Russia, Singapore and France.
Abstract: This book addresses a wide range of topics in areas of intelligent systems and artificial intelligence and their real-world applications. The 22 chapters have been selected from the 168 papers published in the proceedings of the SAI Intelligent Systems Conference 2016 (IntelliSys 2016), which received highly positive feedback in peer reviews. The IntelliSys 2016 conference was held in London on 21?22 September 2016. This fascinating book offers readers state-of-the-art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real-world problems along with a vision of future research.
Çakmak, Mehmet \ Şen, Cengiz \ Eralp, Levent \ Balci, Halil Ibrahim \ Cıvan, Melih \ 2018
Extremities (Anatomy) Surgery - Orthopedic surgery
Abstract: This book provides detailed descriptions of fundamental techniques that may be employed for extremity reconstruction and distraction osteogenesis in accordance with the principles established by Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov. Techniques of proven value for deformity correction, limb lengthening, reconstruction of post-traumatic and post-osteomyelitis bone defects, non-union surgery, and fracture fixation with external fixators are thoroughly described step by step with the aid of a wealth of illustrative material. In addition, indications and preoperative planning are clearly explained. Throughout, care is taken to highlight important technical tips and tricks as well as clinical pearls and pitfalls. Since the first description of distraction osteogenesis by Ilizarov in the 1950s, numerous technical improvements have been made and new devices, developed, even though the basic principles have remained the same. This new book will be of value for both novice and more experienced surgeons who use distraction osteogenesis for the purpose of extremity reconstruction.
Physics - Astrophysics - Atoms - Electric power production - Matter - Plasma (Ionized gases)
Abstract: The raw numbers of high-energy-density physics are amazing: shock waves at hundreds of km/s (approaching a million km per hour), temperatures of millions of degrees, and pressures that exceed 100 million atmospheres. This title surveys the production of high-energy-density conditions, the fundamental plasma and hydrodynamic models that can describe them and the problem of scaling from the laboratory to the cosmos. Connections to astrophysics are discussed throughout. The book is intended to support coursework in high-energy-density physics, to meet the needs of new researchers in this field, and also to serve as a useful reference on the fundamentals. Specifically the book has been designed to enable academics in physics, astrophysics, applied physics and engineering departments to provide in a single-course, an introduction to fluid mechanics and radiative transfer, with dramatic applications in the field of high-energy-density systems. This second edition includes pedagogic improvements to the presentation throughout and additional material on equations of state, heat waves, and ionization fronts, as well as problem sets accompanied by solutions.
Abstract: This book, now in its third edition, explores how human populations grow, based on their creative abilities. To reconsider the theory of economic growth from a physicist's perspective, the book analyses the concepts of value and utility and their relationship to thermodynamic concepts. This approach allows the author to include characteristics of technology in descriptions of development and to formulate a phenomenological (macroeconomic, no-price fluctuations are discussed) theory of production as a set of evolutionary equations in one-sector and multi-sector approximations. The theory is proved to be useful for describing both national economies and global production in ancient times. This monograph presents the topics in a compact and consistent manner and can be used by students with a background in physics and other natural sciences who wish to specialize in economics. It explains how the growth of production is connected with advances in technology, consumption of labour and energy and makes it possible to analyse past and present social production systems and to build scripts of future progress. The book is of interest to energy specialists engaged in planning and analyzing the production and consumption of energy carriers, and to economists wanting to know how energy and technology affect economic growth. This third edition has been substantially revised and three brand new chapters have been added. Chapter 8 illustrates the robustness of the theory with the aid of statistical historical data from the Russian economy, while Chapter 12 is devoted to a reconstruction of the global production activity in ancient times. Chapter 13 discusses the principles of the organization of social production.
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