Deficiency diseases in plants - Field crops Diseases and pests - Field crops Nutrition
Abstract: This book presents guidelines on the identification of macronutrient and micronutrient deficiency symptoms in cereal crops (maize, rice, sorghum, pearl millet, wheat and barley), pulse crops (pigeon pea, green gram, black gram, cowpea, cluster bean, chickpea, Phaseolus vulgaris, lentil and pea), oilseed crops (castor bean, sesame, safflower, sunflower, groundnut, soyabean and Brassica campestris), cash crops (cotton and sugarcane), tuber crops (potato and sweet potato) and fodder crop (lucerne), and discusses integrated nutrient management strategies under nutrient-deficient conditions. This book is intended for academic libraries, plant health extension workers and consultants, farmers, researchers and students in agriculture and crop protection.
sugarcane - saccharum officinarum - plantations - plantation crops - farm labour - forced labour - agricultural cooperatives - agricultural history - india - netherlands east indies - indonesia
Abstract: European markets almost exclusively relied on Caribbean sugar produced by slave labour until abolitionist campaigns began around 1800. Thereafter, importing Asian sugar and transferring plantation production to Asia became a serious option for the Western world. In this book, Ulbe Bosma details how the British and Dutch introduced the sugar plantation model in Asia and refashioned it over time. Although initial attempts by British planters in India failed, the Dutch colonial administration was far more successful in Java, where it introduced in 1830 a system of forced cultivation that tied local peasant production to industrial manufacturing. A century later, India adopted the Java model in combination with farmers' cooperatives rather than employing coercive measures. Cooperatives did not prevent industrial sugar production from exploiting small farmers and cane cutters, however, and Bosma finds that much of modern sugar production in Asia resembles the abuses of labour by th old plantation systems of the Caribbean. Contents: Introduction 1. Producing sugar for the world 2. East Indian sugar versus slave sugar 3. Java: from cultivation to plantation conglomerate 4. Sugar, science, and technology: Java and India in the late nineteenth century 5. The era of the global sugar market, 1890-1929 6. Escaping the plantation? Conclusion
Abstract: This book looks at the development of a suite of well-established and developing biofuels derived from sugarcane and cane-based co-products, such as bagasse. Chapters provide broad-ranging coverage of sugarcane biology, biotechnological advances, and breakthroughs in production and processing techniques.
Abstract: Sugarcane, an important source of sugar, plays a substantial role in world economy. As a C4 plant this has very efficient system for carbohydrate metabolism through photosynthesis. Crop improvement efforts have concentrated mainly on improving quality traits, mainly sugar content. This being a complex trait, involves a large number of target genes in the metabolic pathway. The complex polyploid nature of the crop makes it more difficult to pin point the key players in this complex pathway. Despite its importance, little is known about the exact mechanism of sucrose accumulation and its regulation in sugarcane. Many enzymes have been proposed to have a key role in determining the ultimate sucrose content in sugarcane. There are evidences to show that some of these like Sucrose Phosphate Synthase (SPS) and Sucrose Synthase (SuSy) are encoded by multiple genes that show organ specifity in sugarcane. Especially in a crop like sugarcane where the classical techniques are of limited help in elucidating various genetic complexities, molecular techniques can be of help in throwing some light on the grey areas. Molecular marker strategies will be of help in understanding some aspects of sucrose metabolism and its regulation in this crop, thus complementing the ongoing crop improvement programmes.
Abstract: Door de lage prijzen voor suiker(bieten) krijgt suikerriet grote invloed op elke individuele Europese suikerbietenteler. De belangrijkste concurrent wordt Brazilië, 's werelds grootste producent en exporteur van suikerriet, suiker en ethanol
Abstract: Based on Blackburn’s Sugarcane book, originally published in 1984, this new edition has been fully revised and expanded by an international team of sugarcane specialists. Focusing on the agricultural aspects of the crop, this book follows a logical progression from the botany and breeding through to planning cultivation, control of weeds, pests and diseases, harvest management and payment for cane.
Abstract: TropGENE-DB, is a crop information system created to store genetic, molecular and phenotypic data of the numerous yet poorly documented tropical crop species. The most common data stored in TropGENE-DB are information on genetic resources (agro-morphological data, parentages, allelic diversity), molecular markers, genetic maps, results of quantitative trait loci analyses, data from physical mapping, sequences, genes, as well as the corresponding references. TropGENE-DB is organized on a crop basis with currently three running modules (sugarcane, cocoa and banana), with plans to create additional modules for rice, cotton, oil palm, coconut, rubber tree, pineapple, taro, yam and sorghum.
farm management - farm planning - agriculture - production structure - agricultural structure - alternative farming - organic farming - saccharum officinarum - monoculture - ecology - rice - agricultural production - plantations - small farms - philippines
Abstract: The Flora community in Negros, the sugar basket of the Philippines, diversified the former sugarcane hacienda to become more food and energy self-reliant through its transition into an agro-ecological village. Sugarcane production has been reduced considerably and supplemented with crops like maize, grains, legumes and vegetables. Trash cane farming, which recycles the residue by allowing it to decompose in the field, is replacing the traditional burning method that has led to serious ecological degradation. Farmers are experimenting extensively with new and old organic farming technologies
alternative farming - organic farming - horticulture - agronomy - farming systems - integrated farming systems - plant protection - cultural methods - saccharum officinarum - sugarcane - araneidae - araneae - species diversity - animals - territory - habitats - environment - population density - population ecology - mortality - population growth - beneficial organisms - cultivation - irrigation - biological control - india - Horticulture - Agriculture - Horticulture
Abstract: Sugarcane fields harbour many species of spiders, which is important for pest control, because of their predatory potential. Field experiments were performed in India to evaluate the impact of cultural practices (manual weed control; earthing-up; detrashing), irrigation (conventional furrow; surface drip; sub-surface drip) and post-harvest trash burning in the field on spider abundance and distribution within and between the rows and on sugarcane yield parameters
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