pollution by tourism - carbon dioxide - greenhouse gases - international travel - airplanes
Abstract: Tourism accounts for a significant portion of the world's total carbon emissions. Price drops in airplane tickets have increased both the number of people traveling by air and the distance they travel, a trend that is predicted to continue growing.
Abstract: Tourism is already one of the world’s largest industries and it's still experiencing incredible growth. Industries of major importance worldwide, Travel and Tourism directly contribute $1.4 trillion (U.S.) to the global economy. One in ten of the world’s total jobs are in travel and tourism and that number is growing. Join this course if you want to learn where this growth is coming from and what the effects will be on the social and natural environment. You’ll be challenged with more critical reflections of an industry steeped in comfort and enjoyment. You’ll also discover that tourism is more than just a powerful economic force. Tourist activities affect the environment of travel destinations and influence cultures worldwide. Tourism is very sensitive to global transformations such as changing consumer behaviour, economic developments, climate change, epidemics, or acts of terrorism. Tourism is in fact a complex phenomenon. To explore the development of the tourism phenomenon and begin to build your own reflections on the industry, you'll be exposed to a variety of weekly insights throughout the course. These include historical backgrounds, a variety of social science approaches, common theoretical constructs, related systemic observations, and exposure to environmental, social and economic implications of tourism. Based on weekly writing exercises, you'll be challenged to form your own argument for a specific tourism development of your choice. You'll also help others in providing and receiving meaningful feedback on their critical reflections of tourism phenomena.
Abstract: "The purpose of this book is to help clarify some of the key issues and give readers some ways to think about how they live. It does not begin to cover the full range of information or issues; people can do entire degrees in environmental science and policy. It is intended merely as a quick resource and a jumping-off point. Readers can and should investigate these issues more fully - the Internet abounds in good sources and active debate"--
Vermeeren, Arnold \ Calvi, Licia \ Sabiescu, Amalia \ 2018
Human-computer interaction - Museum exhibits - Virtual museum exhibits
Abstract: This state-of-the-art book explores the implications of contemporary trends that are shaping the future of museum experiences. In four separate sections, it looks into how museums are developing dialogical relationships with their audiences, reaching out beyond their local communities to involve more diverse and broader audiences. It examines current practices in involving crowds, not as passive audiences but as active users, co-designers and co-creators; it looks critically and reflectively at the design implications raised by the application of novel technologies, and by museums becoming parts of connected museum systems and large institutional ecosystems. Overall, the book chapters deal with aspects such as sociality, creation and sharing as ways of enhancing dialogical engagement with museum collections. They address designing experiences – including participatory exhibits, crowd sourcing and crowd mining – that are meaningful and rewarding for all categories of audiences involved. Museum Experience Design reflects on different approaches to designing with novel technologies and discusses illustrative and diverse roles of technology, both in the design process as well as in the experiences designed through those processes. The trend of museums becoming embedded in ecosystems of organisations and people is dealt with in chapters that theoretically reflect on what it means to design for ecosystems, illustrated by design cases that exemplify practical and methodological issues in doing so. Written by an interdisciplinary group of design researchers, this book is an invaluable source of inspiration for researchers, students and professionals working in this dynamic field of designing experiences for and around museums.
Abstract: The book contains 12 contributions that explain the current state of China’s cruise industry and future development. Dating from the 1960s and with the rapid development of over 50 years, the modern cruise industry has developed into one of the fastest growing industries with the most remarkable economic benefits in the global tourism and hospitality industry, known as a “golden industry on the golden waterway”. In recent years, with the gradual saturation of international cruise market and the eastward-moving trend of the center of cruise market, China has become a strategic emerging market with which international cruise lines have been competing. A number of international cruise lines, including Costa Crociere, Royal Caribbean Cruises, Princess Cruises, MSC Cruises, Star Cruises, Norwegian Cruise Line and Dream Cruises, have entered the cruise market in Mainland China. .
Industrial management - Business - Management - Entrepreneurship - Sports administration - Sports Social aspects
Abstract: This book introduces the structure, economic arguments, and business strategies for entrepreneurship in sport. Here, the entrepreneurial process is usually initiated by organizations, people or governments who are embedded in both economic and social contexts. The development of technologies that have enhanced the diffusion of information and the creation of new international markets has impacted sports entrepreneurship activities. The goal of this book is to introduce readers to emerging issues in sport entrepreneurship and management. The book focuses on the role of entrepreneurship in the sports context by examining how to leverage the opportunities that arise from networks and optimize resources by identifying where they can most effectively be put to use. As a unique discipline, sport entrepreneurship helps to identify the conditions under which and the processes in which upcoming business ventures need to be pursued. The book will be useful for sports organizations, athletes and government organizations promoting the use of entrepreneurship to generate competitive advantages on the global marketplace.
Abstract: "This book offers a unique perspective on the invisible organ, a body part that has been visualized only recently. It guides the readers into the world of the microbial constituents that make humans the way they are. The vitamins they produce, the smell they generate, the signals they create, and the molecular guards they elaborate are some of the benefits they bestow on humans. After introducing the notion as to why microbes are an integral component in the development of humans, the book examines the genesis of the microbiome and describes how the resident bacteria work in partnership with the skin, digestive tract, sexual organs, mouth and lungs to execute vital physiological functions. It then discusses the diseases that are triggered by the disruption of the harmonious relationships amongst these diverse systems and provides microbial cures to ailments such as obesity and digestive complications. Finally, the book focuses on the future when the workings of the human microbes will be fully unravelled. Societal changes in health education, the establishment of the microbiome bank, the fight against hunger, space travel, designer traits and enhanced security are explained. Each chapter is accompanied by captivating illustrations and ends with a visual summary. Dr. Appanna has been researching for over 30 years on various aspects of microbial and human cellular systems. He is a professor of biochemistry and has also served as Department Chair and Dean of the Faculty at Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada. The book is aimed at readers enrolled in medical, chiropractic, nursing, pharmacy, and health science programs. Practicing health-care professionals and continuing education learners will also find the content beneficial."--
Athletes with disabilities - Disability studies - Sports for people with disabilities
Abstract: This handbook provides a critical assessment of contemporary issues that define the contours of the Paralympic Movement generally and the Paralympic Games more specifically. It addresses conceptualisations of disability sport, explores the structure of the Paralympic Movement and considers key political strategic and governance issues which have shaped its development. The Palgrave Handbook of Paralympic Studies is written by a range of international authors, a number of whom are senior strategists as well as academics, and explores legacy themes through case studies of recent Paralympic games. Written in the wake of the 2016 Rio Paralympic Games, it provides an assessment of contemporary challenges faced by the International Paralympic Committee and other key stakeholders in the Paralympic Movement. Its critical assessment of approaches to branding, classification, social inclusion and technological advances makes this handbook a valuable resource for undergraduate study across a range of sport and disability related programmes, as well as a point of reference for researchers and policy makers.
Women soccer players History Europe - Women soccer fans Europe - Soccer for women - Soccer Social aspects - Women soccer fans - Women soccer players
Abstract: This edited collection draws on social science approaches to provide insights into the world of women’s football and female fans. Providing in-depth analysis of the development of the women’s game in different European countries, it examines both the experiences of female fans of men’s football and women’s views, perceptions and evaluations of women’s football. Female Football Players and Fans will be of interest to students and scholars in a range of fields, including sports sociology, sport sciences, gender studies, women’s studies and fandom and cultural studies.
Abstract: "The challenge of destination management is to track and understand trends on different levels, to consider socio-economic developments and to respond proactively by addressing the paradigms of sustainability and resilience. By examining tourism and travel trends in a wide range of regions, this book offers new insight into the impacts of economic, social and environmental changes on destination management, governance and development. Topics for discussion include advances and changes in technology, the global economy and governance as well as risk management and destinations' response to disruptions. Within a rapidly changing world, emphasis is given on resilient thinking and strategic management techniques in order to unlock the inner potential of destinations to respond and adapt positively to economic, environmental and social changes. This is valuable reading for tourism students and researchers, destination managers and policy makers."--Provided by publisher.
Abstract: On the train, on the beach, on the sofa ... many people in all parts of the world enjoy doing wordsearches. If you are studying English and want to learn and practise vocabulary related to various topics, then this book is for you! The topics reflect the kinds of everyday conversations that you might have both with native and non-native speakers of English. The topics are also those that are typically tested in English examinations e.g.TOEFL, Cambridge (First Certificate, Advanced), IELTS, and Trinity. Each chapter begins with a list of questions to enable you to have a conversation about a particular topic in various situations: on a social occasion (e.g. a work dinner, a conference lunch, a party); in the classroom during an English lesson; when chatting, either face to face or online; and during an English oral exam. After the list of questions, you will find a Word List associated with the topic and exercises to test your knowledge of less common words. The final aim is then to find the words from the Word List in the related Wordsearch. Easy English! is a series of books to help you learn and revise your English with minimal effort. You can improve your English by: reading texts in English that you might normally read in your own language e.g. jokes, personality tests, lateral thinking games, and wordsearches; doing short exercises to improve specific areas grammar and vocabulary, i.e. the areas that tend to lead to the most mistakes - the aim is just to focus on what you really need rather than overwhelming yourself with a mass of rules, many of which may have no practical daily value. Other books in the Easy English!series include: Wordsearches: Widen Your Vocabulary in English Test Your Personality: Have Fun and Learn Useful Phrases Word games, Riddles and Logic Tests: Tax Your Brain and Boost Your English Top 50 Grammar Mistakes: How to Avoid Them Top 50 Vocabulary Mistakes: How to Avoid Them.--
Earth sciences Remote sensing - Geographic information systems
Abstract: This book, written by an international team of prominent authors, gathers the latest developments in mobile technologies for the acquisition, management, analysis and sharing of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in the context of Earth observation.ɴ is divided into three parts, the first of which presents case studies on the implementation of VGI for Earth observation, discusses the characteristics of volunteers? engagement in relation with their expertise and motivation, analyzes the tasks they are called upon to perform, and examines the available tools for developing VGI. In turn, the second part introduces readers to essential methods, techniques and algorithms used to develop mobile information systems based on VGI for distinct Earth observation tasks, while the last part focuses on the drawbacks and limitations of VGI with regard to the above-mentioned tasks and proposes innovative methods and techniques to help overcome them. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a comprehensive, practice-oriented reference guide for researchers and practitioners in the field of geo-information management.
Abstract: This volume provides an accessible scientific introduction to the historical geography of Tropical Pacific Islands, assessing the environmental and cultural changes they have undergone and how they are affected currently by these shifts and alterations. The book emphasizes the roles of plants, animals, people, and the environment in shaping the tropical Pacific through a cross-disciplinary approach involving history, geography, biology, environmental science, and anthropology. With these diverse scientific perspectives, the eight chapters of the book provide a comprehensive overview of Tropical Pacific Islands from their initial colonization by native peoples to their occupation by colonial powers, and the contemporary changes that have affected the natural history and social fabric of these islands. The Tropical Pacific Islands are introduced by a description of their geological formation, development, and geography. From there, the book details the origins of the island's original peoples and the dawn of the political economy of these islands, including the domestication and trade of plants, animals, and other natural resources. Next, readers will learn about the impact of missionaries on Pacific Islands, and the affects of Wold War II and nuclear testing on natural resources and the health of its people. The final chapter discusses the islands in the context of natural resource extraction, population increases, and global climate change. Working together these factors are shown to affect rainfall and limited water resources, as well as the ability to sustain traditional crops, and the capacity of the islands to accomodate its residents.
Abstract: This book presents the renewing strategic vision and progressive diversification of the Indian space programme at the nexus socio-economic development, commerce and geopolitics. It disentangles India's evolving rationales for engaging in space from a wide range of perspectives and provides novel and in-depth assessment of the domestic, regional and international factors influencing the pace and directions of the countrys space programme. The study hence includes an extensive analysis of India's path forward, including a reflection on the long-term evolution of its civil, military and commercial space efforts, as well as considerations on the toolbox India has at its disposal, on the prospected adaptation of the space ecosystem, and on the implications these evolutions may generate both domestically and internationally. A central part of this final analysis is more specifically devoted to elaborating on the prospects and opportunities for European stakeholders, with the goal of identifying possible domains of closer and mutually beneficial Europe-India space cooperation and sorting out possible elements for a comprehensive European long-term strategy towards India.
Abstract: This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Smart Computing and Communications, SmartCom 2017, held in Shenzhen, China, in December 2017. The 43 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 116 submissions. They deal with topics from smart data to smart communications, smart cloud computing and smart security.#xE029;
Abstract: "This book examines the many ways in which innovative technologies represent a powerful development tool for the tourism and leisure sector and presents novel strategies based on these technologies that foster sustainable tourism management and promote sustainable destinations. The aim is to elucidate the ways in which ICTs can be used to create a high-quality experience for citizens and visitors while ensuring the wise, ecologically sound management of human and natural resources. Attention is also focused on the globalized environment in which these advances are occurring, and on the impacts of broader social, economic, and political forces in transforming our understanding of "tourism" in the era of online devices. The book is based on the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of the International Association of Cultural and Digital Tourism (IACuDiT) and is edited in collaboration with IACuDiT. It will have broad appeal to professionals from academia, industry, government, and other organizations who wish to learn about the latest perspectives in the fields of tourism, travel, hospitality, culture and heritage, leisure, and sports within the context of a knowledge society and smart economy. "--
Abstract: This contributed volume collects cutting-edge research in Geographic Information Science & Technologies, Location Modeling, and Spatial Analysis of Urban and Regional Systems. The contributions emphasize methodological innovations or substantive breakthroughs on many facets of the socio-economic and environmental reality of urban and regional contexts.
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