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Gender and time use in a global context : the economics of employment and unpaid labor [Monograph]
Connelly, Rachel \ Kongar, Mesude Ebru \ 2017

Abstract:
This edited volume uses a feminist approach to explore the economic implications of the complex interrelationship between gender and time use. Household composition, sexuality, migration patterns, income levels, and race/ethnicity are all considered as important factors that interact with gender and time use patterns. The book is split in two sections: The macroeconomic portion explores cutting edge issues such as time poverty and its relationship to income poverty, and the macroeconomic effects of recession and austerity; while the microeconomic section studies topics such as differences by age, activity sequencing, and subjective well-being of time spent. The chapters also examine a range of age groups, from the labor of school-age children to elderly caregivers, and analyze time use in Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, Finland, India, Korea, South Africa, Tanzania, Turkey, and the United States. Each chapter provides a substantial introduction to the academic literature of its focus and is written to be revealing to researchers and accessible to students and policymakers.--

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Navigating obstacles, opportunities and reforms: women’s lives and livelihoods in artisanal mining communities in eastern DRC [PhD thesis]
Bashwira Nyenyezi, Marie Rose \ 2017
livelihoods - livelihood strategies - mining - women - women workers - gender - gender relations - empowerment - congo democratic republic - central africa
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Marginalization in globalizing Delhi : issues of land, livelihoods and health [Monograph]
Acharya, Sanghmitra \ Sen, Sucharita \ Punia, Milap \ Reddy, Sunita \ 2017
Economics - Global environmental change - Globalization - Social aspects

Abstract:
This book analyses how developmental projects in a globalizing Delhi have brought about neglect, exclusion and alienation of certain sections of population, while benefiting others. It discusses the physical, economic and social displacement of people in the city in recent times, which has deprived them of their lands, livelihoods and access to health care. In Delhi and the National Capital Region, beyond the obvious and apparent image of wide roads, flyovers, the metro rail network, high-rises and glittering malls, globalization has brought about skewed and uneven development. A growing middle class and a significant group of an extremely rich section of population steer the ways in which development strategies are planned and implemented. Furthermore, with government control reducing as is inevitable and consistent with a neoliberal policy framework, private players have entered not only the consumer goods sector, but also basic goods and services such as agriculture, health and education. This book explores the effects of such processes, with a specific focus on equity, on the marginalized sections of population in a globalizing megacity. It addresses the themes of land, livelihoods and health as overarching, drawing upon their interlinkages. It traces the changes in the growth of the city in context of these themes and draws inferences from their interconnectedness to examine the current situation of development in Delhi.

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Women workers in urban India [Monograph]
Raju, Saraswati \ Jatrana, Santosh \ 2016
Women employees India - Sex role in the work environment India - Sex discrimination against women - Sex role in the work environment - Women employees

Abstract:
"Discusses the role of women workers who are joining the workforce in the cityscape and bringing to surface the contradictions that this assumption offers"--Provided by publisher.

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Women's participation in tourism in Zanzibar : an enactment perspective [PhD thesis]
Maliva, Nelly Samson \ 2016
tourism - zanzibar - participation - women - emancipation of women - labour - income - entrepreneurship - women workers - family life - society - tourist industry - swahili - standards - social values - gender relations
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Towards a global history of domestic and caregiving workers [Monograph]
Hoerder, D. \ [2015]
history - sociology of work - housework - care - women workers

Abstract:
Domestic and caregiving work has been at the core of human existence throughout history. Poorly paid or even unpaid, this work has been assigned to women in most societies and occasionally to men often as enslaved, indentures, "adopted" workers. While some use domestic service as training for their own future independent households, others are confined to it for life and try to avoid damage to their identities. Employment conditions are even worse in colonizer-colonized dichotomies, in which the subalternized have to run the households of administrators who believe they are running an empire. Societies and states set the discriminatory rules, those employed develop strategies of resistance or self-protection. This book addresses these issues globally with a deep historical background.

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De economische kracht van de ondernemende vrouw [Monograph]
Brummans, M. \ Loonen, N. \ Verheul, I. \ Dijkhuizen, J. \ Essers, C. \ Matser, I. \ Remery, C. \ Wilde, M. de \ Waa, L. van der \ Bevelander, D. \ Steege, M. van der \ Zijl, T. van \ Stichting Maatschappij en Onderneming \ [2015]
entrepreneurship - women - female labour - women workers - netherlands
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Women in Kolkata's IT sector : satisficing between work and household [Monograph]
Dutta, Mousumi \ Husain, Zakir \ 2014
Women computer industry employees - Women Employment

Abstract:
Based on a survey of women workers in Kolkatas IT sector, this book argues that growth of the IT sector has created a demand for skilled professionals. This has provided scope for highly educated urban women to create a space of self-expression and enjoy enhanced status and prestige within their families. These women workers carefully plan their career and daily activities, keeping in mind the need to balance diverse and conflicting needs of work and home. This kind of decision-making occurs outside the utilitarian framework and is better framed in terms of Herbert Simons satisficing approach, which takes into account the bounded rationality of agents. Written in lucid, non-technical language, the book will be an invaluable addition to existing works on gender and labour studies, and will be of interest to social scientists undertaking research on gender, labour and the IT sector.

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Readymade garment industry and its role on changing status of women workers in Bangladesh [Student report]
Begum, F. \ 2014
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Husain, Zakir \ Dutta, Mousumi \ 2014
economic sociology - psychology - gender - labour economics

Abstract:
Based on a survey of women workers in Kolkata’s IT sector, this book argues that growth of the IT sector has created a demand for skilled professionals. This has provided scope for highly educated urban women to create a space of self-expression and enjoy enhanced status and prestige within their families. These women workers carefully plan their career and daily activities, keeping in mind the need to balance diverse and conflicting needs of work and home. This kind of decision-making occurs outside the utilitarian framework and is better framed in terms of Herbert Simon’s ‘satisficing’ approach, which takes into account the bounded rationality of agents. Written in lucid, non-technical language, the book will be an invaluable addition to existing works on gender and labour studies, and will be of interest to social scientists undertaking research on gender, labour and the IT sector.

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Productivity, separability and deprivation : a study on female workers in the Indian informal service sector [Monograph]
Sengupta, Atanu \ Datta, Soumyendra Kishore \ Mondal, Susanta \ 2013
Women service industries workers India - Women service industries workers India - Sexual division of labor - Women Employment - Women service industries workers - Sexual division of labor - Women Employment - Women service industries workers

Abstract:
In production and service sectors we often come across situations where females remain largely overshadowed by males both in terms of wages and productivity. Men are generally assigned jobs that require more physical work while the 'less' strenuous job is allocated to the females. However, the gender dimension of labor process in the service sector in India has remained relatively unexplored. There are certain activities in the service sector where females are more suitable than males. The service sector activities are usually divided into OAE and Establishments. In this work, an attempt has been made to segregate the productivity of females compared to that of males on the basis of both partial and complete separability models. An estimate has also been made of the female labor supply function. The results present a downward trend for female participation both in Own Account Enterprises (OAE) and Establishment. The higher the female shadow wage the lower their supply. This lends support to the supposition that female labor participation is a type of distress supply rather than a positive indicator of women's empowerment. Analysis of the National Sample Service Organization data indicates that in all the sectors women are generally paid less than men. A micro-econometric study reveals that even in firms that employ solely female labor, incidence of full-time labor is deplorably poor. It is this feature that results in women workers' lower earnings and their deprivation.

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Immigrant women workers in the neoliberal age [Monograph]
Flores-González, N. \ cop. 2013
women workers - migrant labour - informal sector - women - immigrants - ethnic groups - labour market - living conditions - working conditions - economic situation - sociology - usa

Abstract:
To date, most research on immigrant women and labor forces has focused on the participation of immigrant women on formal labor markets. In this study, contributors focus on informal economies such as health care, domestic work, street vending, and the garment industry, where displaced and undocumented women are more likely to work. Because such informal labor markets are unregulated, many of these workers face abusive working conditions that are not reported for fear of job loss or deportation. In examining the complex dynamics of how immigrant women navigate political and economic uncertainties, this collection highlights the important role of citizenship status in defining immigrant women's opportunities, wages, and labor conditions.

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Women entertainers of Drayangs in Bhutan: a feminist intersectional analysis of body labour [Student report]
Lhamo, T. \ 2013
sociology - women - women workers - entertainment - urban entertainment centres - values - culture - sexual discrimination - bhutan - south asia - female labour

Abstract:
This research explores the subjectivity of the women entertainers who work in the Drayangs, modern day entertainment centres in Bhutan particularly in the capital city, Thimphu. Drayangs in the recent times had come under intense criticism and has been scrutinised for eroding Bhutanese cultural values, where alcohol and drugs were openly consumed and networking for sex took place. The objective of this research was to study: 1) how the women entertainers exercise their agency by deploying the theory of body labour through an intersectional analysis and 2) how women entertainers are victimised of economic and sexual exploitation.

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Sengupta, Atanu \ Datta, Soumyendra Kishore \ Mondal, Susanta \ 2013
econometrics - economics - management science - development economics - labour economics - microeconomics

Abstract:
In production and service sectors we often come across situations where females remain largely overshadowed by males both in terms of wages and productivity.  Men are generally assigned jobs that require more physical work while the ‘less’ strenuous job is allocated to the females. However, the gender dimension of labor process in the service sector in India has remained relatively unexplored. There are certain activities in the service sector where females are more suitable than males. The service sector activities are usually divided into OAE and Establishments. In this work, an attempt has been made to segregate the productivity of females compared to that of males on the basis of both partial and complete separability models. An estimate has also been made of the female labor supply function. The results present a downward trend for female participation both in Own Account Enterprises (OAE) and Establishment. The higher the female shadow wage the lower their supply. This lends support to the supposition that female labor participation is a type of distress supply rather than a positive indicator of women’s empowerment. Analysis of the National Sample Service Organization data indicates that in all the sectors women are generally paid less than men. A micro-econometric study reveals that even in firms that employ solely female labor, incidence of full-time labor is deplorably poor. It is this feature that results in women workers’ lower earnings and their deprivation.

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How to make agricultural extension services more effective in responding to the needs of female-headed households farmers : case of Svosve communal area in Marondera District, Zimbabwe [Student report]
Matsika, E. \ 2012
agricultural extension - women - rural women - women workers - food security - agricultural households - zimbabwe
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Pastoralists and craftswomen groups in Mongolia : socio-economic viability of a chain network for handicraft production [Student report]
Gungaa, M. \ 2012
pastoralism - manual work - women - women workers - agro-industrial chains - rural development - producer cooperatives - mongolia
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The contribution of Hawassa Women Promotion Technical and Vocational Training College in the development of women. A case of Hawassa town, SNNPR Ethiopia [Student report]
Asrat, A. \ 2012
women - rural women - women workers - rural development - gender relations - woman - ethiopia
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The political economy of violence against women [Monograph]
True, J. \ cop. 2012
women - sexual discrimination - crime - war - sociology - social situation - aggressive behaviour - political economy

Abstract:
Violence against women is a major problem in all countries, affecting women in every socio-economic group and at every life stage. Nowhere in the world do women share equal social and economic rights with men or the same access as men to productive resources. Economic globalization and development are creating new challenges for women's rights as well as some new opportunities for advancing women's economic independence and gender equality. Yet, when women have access to productive resources and they enjoy social and economic rights they are less vulnerable to violence across all societies. The Political Economy of Violence against Women develops a feminist political economy approach to identify the linkages between different forms of violence against women and macro structural processes in strategic local and global sites - from the household to the transnational level. In doing so, it seeks to account for the globally increasing scale and brutality of violence against women. These sites include economic restructuring and men's reaction to the loss of secure employment, the abusive exploitation associated with the transnational migration of women workers, the growth of a sex trade around the creation of free trade zones, the spike in violence against women in financial liberalization and crises, the scourge of sexual violence in armed conflict and post-crisis peacebuilding or reconstruction efforts and the deleterious gendered impacts of natural disasters. Examples are drawn from South Africa, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of Congo, China, Ciudad Juarez in Mexico, the Pacific Islands, Argentina, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Haiti, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Zealand, Ireland, the United Kingdom, the United States and Iceland.

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Vrouw op het erf \ Veehouder en dierenarts. Editie rundveehouderij [Article]
Vries, F. de \ 2012
cattle husbandry - cattle - veterinary medicine - veterinarians - female labour - women workers

Abstract:
In veel beroepen, zoals die in de humane gezondheidszorg, is het fenomeen vrouw heel gewoon. Bij de dierenarts landbouwhuisdieren ligt dat heel anders. Tot 25 jaar geleden zag de veehouder eigenlijk geen vrouwelijke dierenartsen op zijn erf. Twintig jaar geleden dienden de eerste vrouwelijke landbouwhuisdierenartsen zich aan. Hoe wordt dat ervaren door de boer en de vrouwelijke veearts?

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The learning space between female farmers and female extension workers : a case study of Mir Bacha Kot district of Kabul province, Afghanistan [Student report]
Shamim, W. \ 2011
agricultural extension - farmers - women - rural women - women workers - extension agents - gender relations - afghanistan
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