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    About

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

National Academy of Sciences

1863-

ISSN: 0027-8424 (1091-6490)
Multidisciplinary Sciences - Multidisciplinary
APC costs unknown

Recent articles

1 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Blue whale memory and migration Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) migrates in the California current. Image courtesy of Jeremy A. Goldbogen (Stanford University, Stanford, CA) and the Duke Marine Robotics and Remote Sensing Lab. Many migrant species track waves of high-quality food resources across landscapes. Although there is extensive research on...
2 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In PNAS, Hedges et al. (1) estimate that only 0.32% of “primary forest” cover of Haiti remains. They argue the situation is dire and predict that Haiti will have no remaining primary forest by 2035 (1). We highlight several assumptions in their forest definition parameters and subsequent national extrapolation that...
3 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
We determined that Haiti has less than 1% of its original primary (virgin) forest and will likely lose it all in the next two decades at the current rate (1). We focused on primary forest because of its close connection with species survival (2). The letter by Wampler et al....
4 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In PNAS, Braun et al. (1) describe the algorithm TimeSignature. We make the following observations. First, circadian time refers to the phase of internal biological clocks. Any algorithm assessing this should be validated against gold-standard markers of internal circadian phase. For example, the phase of the melatonin rhythm is considered...
5 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
TimeSignature’s power is that it is highly accurate across transcriptomic platforms and experimental protocols. TimeSignature can be trained using data from a single platform/study and be applied to independent data without additional processing. Demonstrating this robustness and generalizability required applying TimeSignature to as diverse a set of studies as possible...
6 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The study of single quantum objects embedded in confined electromagnetic environments is the main focus of the field of cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED). According to a recent historical account by the 2012 Nobel laureate Sergei Haroche (1), the origins of this field can be traced back to the early days...
7 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Animal migrations, which can span hundreds to thousands of kilometers and require journeys lasting weeks to months, are fascinating biological phenomena. Across systems and species, key questions focus on the behavioral mechanisms that facilitate successful migrations. Perception, information sharing among individuals, and various forms of memory separate migration from other...
8 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
A key challenge, as CO2 accumulates and Earth warms, is to predict the responses of ecological systems—the suite of interacting populations embedded in the abiotic arena of temperature, moisture, and biogeochemistry. Thermal performance theory (1–3) has come to the fore as a powerful approach toward understanding such biotic change. Thermal...
9 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Lipid nanovesicles are widely present as transport vehicles in living organisms and can serve as efficient drug delivery vectors. It is known that the size and surface charge of nanovesicles can affect their diffusion behaviors in biological hydrogels such as mucus. However, how temperature effects, including those of both ambient...
10 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Self-assembling dendrimers have facilitated the discovery of periodic and quasiperiodic arrays of supramolecular architectures and the diverse functions derived from them. Examples are liquid quasicrystals and their approximants plus helical columns and spheres, including some that disregard chirality. The same periodic and quasiperiodic arrays were subsequently found in block copolymers,...
11 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Recent advancements in life-science instrumentation and automation enable entirely new modes of human interaction with microbiological processes and corresponding applications for science and education through biology cloud laboratories. A critical barrier for remote and on-site life-science experimentation (for both experts and nonexperts alike) is the absence of suitable abstractions and...
12 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Heat early warning systems and action plans use temperature thresholds to trigger warnings and risk communication. In this study, we conduct multistate analyses, exploring associations between heat and all-cause and cause-specific hospitalizations, to inform the design and development of heat–health early warning systems. We used a two-stage analysis to estimate...
13 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
An almost partition identity is an identity for partition numbers that is true asymptotically 100% of the time and fails infinitely often. We prove a kind of almost partition identity, namely that the number of parts in all self-conjugate partitions of n is almost always equal to the number of...
14 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Directed colloidal self-assembly at fluid interfaces can have a large impact in the fields of nanotechnology, materials, and biomedical sciences. The ability to control interfacial self-assembly relies on the fine interplay between bulk and surface interactions. Here, we investigate the interfacial assembly of thermoresponsive microgels and lipogels at the surface...
15 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Generalized linear models (GLMs) are used in high-dimensional machine learning, statistics, communications, and signal processing. In this paper we analyze GLMs when the data matrix is random, as relevant in problems such as compressed sensing, error-correcting codes, or benchmark models in neural networks. We evaluate the mutual information (or “free...
16 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Cognitive aging is characterized by large heterogeneity, which may be due to variations in childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSC). Although there is substantial evidence for an effect of CSC on levels of cognitive functioning at older age, results on associations with cognitive decline are mixed. We examined by means of an...
17 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
To repair DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination, the 5′-terminated DNA strands must first be resected to produce 3′ overhangs. Mre11 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a 3′ → 5′ exonuclease that is responsible for 5′ end degradation in vivo. Using plasmid-length DNA substrates and purified recombinant proteins, we show that...
18 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Interleukin-37 (IL-37), a member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, is a fundamental suppressor of innate and acquired immunities. Here, we used an integrative approach that combines biophysical, biochemical, and biological studies to elucidate the unique characteristics of IL-37. Our studies reveal that single amino acid mutations at the IL-37...
19 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The concomitant folding of a nascent protein domain with its synthesis can generate mechanical forces that act on the ribosome and alter translation speed. Such changes in speed can affect the structure and function of the newly synthesized protein as well as cellular phenotype. The domain properties that govern force...
20 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The remodeling of the microtubule cytoskeleton underlies dynamic cellular processes, such as mitosis, ciliogenesis, and neuronal morphogenesis. An important class of microtubule remodelers comprises the severases—spastin, katanin, and fidgetin—which cut microtubules into shorter fragments. While severing activity might be expected to break down the microtubule cytoskeleton, inhibiting these enzymes in...
21 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Deep learning methodologies have revolutionized prediction in many fields and show potential to do the same in molecular biology and genetics. However, applying these methods in their current forms ignores evolutionary dependencies within biological systems and can result in false positives and spurious conclusions. We developed two approaches that account...
22 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The Hedgehog-signaling pathway is an important target in cancer research and regenerative medicine; yet, on the cellular level, many steps are still poorly understood. Extensive studies of the bulk behavior of the key proteins in the pathway established that during signal transduction they dynamically localize in primary cilia, antenna-like solitary...
23 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The thermal limit of ectotherms provides an estimate of vulnerability to climate change. It differs between contrasting microhabitats, consistent with thermal ecology predictions that a species’ temperature sensitivity matches the microclimate it experiences. However, observed thermal limits may differ between ectotherms from the same environment, challenging this theory. We resolved...
24 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Oxytocin/vasopressin-like peptides are important regulators of physiology and social behavior in vertebrates. However, the function of inotocin, the homologous peptide in arthropods, remains largely unknown. Here, we show that the level of expression of inotocin and inotocin receptor are correlated with task allocation in the ant Camponotus fellah. Both genes...
25 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Many microbes acquire metabolites in a “feeding” process where complex polymers are broken down in the environment to their subunits. The subsequent uptake of soluble metabolites by a cell, sometimes called osmotrophy, is facilitated by transporter proteins. As such, the diversification of osmotrophic microorganisms is closely tied to the diversification...
26 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Long-term intracellular symbiosis (or endosymbiosis) is widely distributed across invertebrates and is recognized as a major driving force in evolution. However, the maintenance of immune homeostasis in organisms chronically infected with mutualistic bacteria is a challenging task, and little is known about the molecular processes that limit endosymbiont immunogenicity and...
27 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Reptiles use pterin and carotenoid pigments to produce yellow, orange, and red colors. These conspicuous colors serve a diversity of signaling functions, but their molecular basis remains unresolved. Here, we show that the genomes of sympatric color morphs of the European common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis), which differ in orange...
28 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The process of evolution under domestication has been studied using phylogenetics, population genetics–genomics, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping, gene expression assays, and archaeology. Here, we apply an evolutionary quantitative genetic approach to understand the constraints imposed by the genetic architecture of trait variation in teosinte, the wild ancestor of maize,...
29 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In most eukaryotes, organellar genomes are transmitted preferentially by the mother, but molecular mechanisms and evolutionary forces underlying this fundamental biological principle are far from understood. It is believed that biparental inheritance promotes competition between the cytoplasmic organelles and allows the spread of so-called selfish cytoplasmic elements. Those can be,...
30 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The T cell Ig and mucin domain (TIM) proteins inhibit release of HIV-1 and other enveloped viruses by interacting with cell- and virion-associated phosphatidylserine (PS). Here, we show that the Nef proteins of HIV-1 and other lentiviruses antagonize TIM-mediated restriction. TIM-1 more potently inhibits the release of Nef-deficient relative to...
31 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Homeostatic synaptic scaling is a negative feedback response to fluctuations in synaptic strength induced by developmental or learning-related processes, which maintains neuronal activity stable. Although several components of the synaptic scaling apparatus have been characterized, the intrinsic regulatory mechanisms promoting scaling remain largely unknown. MicroRNAs may contribute to posttranscriptional control...
32 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP), the direction and degree of synaptic modification are determined by the coherence of pre- and postsynaptic activities within a neuron. However, in the adult rat hippocampus, it remains unclear whether STDP-like mechanisms in a neuronal population induce synaptic potentiation of a long duration. Thus, we asked...
33 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Spike timing is thought to play a critical role in neural computation and communication. Methods for adjusting spike timing are therefore of great interest to researchers and clinicians alike. Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) is a noninvasive technique that uses weak electric fields to manipulate brain activity. Early results have suggested...
34 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
When sound stimulates the stereocilia on the sensory cells in the hearing organ, Ca2+ ions flow through mechanically gated ion channels. This Ca2+ influx is thought to be important for ensuring that the mechanically gated channels operate within their most sensitive response region, setting the fraction of channels open at...
35 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
Mutations in the vacuolar protein sorting 35 ortholog (VPS35) gene represent a cause of late-onset, autosomal dominant familial Parkinson’s disease (PD). A single missense mutation, D620N, is considered pathogenic based upon its segregation with disease in multiple families with PD. At present, the mechanism(s) by which familial VPS35 mutations precipitate...
36 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
Close appositions between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the plasma membrane (PM) are a general feature of all cells and are abundant in neurons. A function of these appositions is lipid transport between the two adjacent bilayers via tethering proteins that also contain lipid transport modules. However, little is known...
37 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
Adeno-associated viral vectors (AAVs) have become popular for gene therapy, given their many advantages, including their reduced inflammatory profile compared with that of other viruses. However, even in areas of immune privilege such as the eye, AAV vectors are capable of eliciting host-cell responses. To investigate the effects of such...
38 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
In flowering plants, the asymmetrical division of the zygote is the first hallmark of apical-basal polarity of the embryo and is controlled by a MAP kinase pathway that includes the MAPKKK YODA (YDA). In Arabidopsis, YDA is activated by the membrane-associated pseudokinase SHORT SUSPENSOR (SSP) through an unusual parent-of-origin effect:...
39 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
Humans use saccades to inspect objects of interest with the foveola, the small region of the retina with highest acuity. This process of visual exploration is normally studied over large scenes. However, in everyday tasks, the stimulus within the foveola is complex, and the need for visual exploration may extend...
40 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
Preterm birth (PTB) complications are the leading cause of long-term morbidity and mortality in children. By using whole blood samples, we integrated whole-genome sequencing (WGS), RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), and DNA methylation data for 270 PTB and 521 control families. We analyzed this combined dataset to identify genomic variants associated with...
41 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The environmental sciences have documented large and worrisome changes in earth systems, from climate change and loss of biodiversity, to changes in hydrological and nutrient cycles and depletion of natural resources (1–12). These global environmental changes have potentially large negative consequences for future human well-being, and raise questions about whether...
42 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
A number of competing hypotheses, including hydroclimatic variations, environmental degradation and disturbance, and sociopolitical disintegration, have emerged to explain the dissolution of Cahokia, the largest prehistoric population center in the United States. Because it is likely that Cahokia’s decline was precipitated by multiple factors, some environmental and some societal, a...
43 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The formylglycine-generating enzyme (FGE) is required for the posttranslational activation of type I sulfatases by oxidation of an active-site cysteine to Cα-formylglycine. FGE has emerged as an enabling biotechnology tool due to the robust utility of the aldehyde product as a bioconjugation handle in recombinant proteins. Here, we show that...
44 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The smallest histone deacetylase (HDAC) and the only class IV HDAC member, HDAC11, is reported to regulate immune activation and tumorigenesis, yet its biochemical function is largely unknown. Here we identify HDAC11 as an efficient lysine defatty-acylase that is>10,000-fold more efficient than its deacetylase activity. Through proteomics studies, we...
45 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The filamentous bacteriophage IKe infects Escherichia coli cells bearing IncN pili. We report the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the micrometer-long IKe viral particle at a resolution of 3.4 Å. The major coat protein [protein 8 (p8)] consists of 47 residues that fold into a ∼68-Å-long helix. An atomic model of...
46 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Fungi have the potential to produce a large repertoire of bioactive molecules, many of which can affect the growth and development of plants. Genomic survey of sequenced biofertilizer fungi showed many secondary metabolite gene clusters are anchored by iterative polyketide synthases (IPKSs), which are multidomain enzymes noted for generating diverse...
47 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
As theory and experiment have shown, protein dehydration is a major contributor to protein folding. Dehydration upon folding can be characterized directly by all-atom simulations of fast pressure drops, which create desolvated pockets inside the nascent hydrophobic core. Here, we study pressure-drop refolding of three λ-repressor fragment (λ6–85) mutants computationally...
48 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Tumor-stromal communication within the microenvironment contributes to initiation of metastasis and may present a therapeutic opportunity. Using serial single-cell RNA sequencing in an orthotopic mouse prostate cancer model, we find up-regulation of prolactin receptor as cancer cells that have disseminated to the lungs expand into micrometastases. Secretion of the ligand...
49 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
CD3+CD4−CD8− T cells (double-negative T cells; DNTs) have diverse functions in peripheral immune-related diseases by regulating immunological and inflammatory homeostasis. However, the functions of DNTs in the central nervous system remain unknown. Here, we found that the levels of DNTs were dramatically increased in both the brain and peripheral blood...
50 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The parasitic helminth Trichinella spiralis, which poses a serious health risk to animals and humans, can be found worldwide. Recent findings indicate that a rare type of gut epithelial cell, tuft cells, can detect the helminth, triggering type 2 immune responses. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be fully...
51 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The success of nonlinear optics relies largely on pulse-to-pulse consistency. In contrast, covariance-based techniques used in photoionization electron spectroscopy and mass spectrometry have shown that a wealth of information can be extracted from noise that is lost when averaging multiple measurements. Here, we apply covariance-based detection to nonlinear optical spectroscopy,...
52 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Many approaches to the origin of life focus on how the molecules found in biology might be made in the absence of biological processes, from the simplest plausible starting materials. Another approach could be to view the emergence of the chemistry of biology as process whereby the environment effectively directs...
53 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The formation of self-organized patterns is key to the morphogenesis of multicellular organisms, although a comprehensive theory of biological pattern formation is still lacking. Here, we propose a minimal model combining tissue mechanics with morphogen turnover and transport to explore routes to patterning. Our active description couples morphogen reaction and...
54 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Tissue growth is a fundamental aspect of development and is intrinsically noisy. Stochasticity has important implications for morphogenesis, precise control of organ size, and regulation of tissue composition and heterogeneity. However, the basic statistical properties of growing tissues, particularly when growth induces mechanical stresses that can in turn affect growth...
55 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Testes and ovaries undergo sex-specific morphogenetic changes and adopt strikingly different morphologies, despite the fact that both arise from a common precursor, the bipotential gonad. Previous studies showed that recruitment of vasculature is critical for testis patterning. However, vasculature is not recruited into the early ovary. Peripheral innervation is involved...
56 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Trait-based approaches are increasingly used to predict ecological consequences of climate change, yet seldom have solid links been established between plant traits and observed climate-driven community changes. Most analyses have focused on aboveground adult plant traits, but in warming and drying climates, root traits may be critical, and seedlings may...
57 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In terrestrial systems, the green wave hypothesis posits that migrating animals can enhance foraging opportunities by tracking phenological variation in high-quality forage across space (i.e., “resource waves”). To track resource waves, animals may rely on proximate cues and/or memory of long-term average phenologies. Although there is growing evidence of resource...
58 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Asthma ranks among the most costly of chronic diseases, accounting for over $50 billion annually in direct medical expenditures in the United States. At the same time, evidence has accumulated that fine particulate matter pollution can exacerbate asthma symptoms and generate substantial economic costs. To measure these costs, we use...
59 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
US investment to decrease pollution in rivers, lakes, and other surface waters has exceeded $1.9 trillion since 1960, and has also exceeded the cost of most other US environmental initiatives. These investments come both from the 1972 Clean Water Act and the largely voluntary efforts to control pollution from agriculture...
60 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Environmental and natural resource (ENR) policies that focus on group outcomes are common but have received relatively less attention from economists than policies based on individual behavior. Existing research tends to focus on particular contexts, such as water or air quality, fisheries, or land use. This paper discusses unifying themes...
61 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
This study considers the response of household electricity consumption to social nudges during peak load events. Our investigation considers two social nudges. The first targets conservation during peak load events, while the second promotes aggregate conservation. Using data from a natural field experiment with 42,100 households, we find that both...
62 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In four public-good game experiments, we study self-sorting as a means to facilitate cooperation in groups. When individuals can choose to join groups precommitted to charity, such groups sustain cooperation toward the group’s local public good. By eliciting subjects’ conditional contribution profiles, we find that subjects who prefer the charity...
63 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Designers and funders of payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs have long worried that payments flow to landholders who would have conserved forests even without the program, undermining the environmental benefits (“additionality”) and cost-effectiveness of PES. If landholders self-select into PES programs based on how much conservation they were going...
64 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Many environmental nonprofit groups are assumed to provide public goods. While an extensive literature examines why donors join and give to nonprofits, none directly tests whether donations actually provide public goods. We seek such a test by using a common form of environmental organization: watershed groups. We find their increased...
65 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The control of time-dependent, energy beam manufacturing processes has been achieved in the past through trial-and-error approaches. We identify key research gaps and generic challenges related to inverse problems for these processes that require a multidisciplinary problem-solving approach to tackle them. The generic problems that we identify have a wide...
66 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Three-dimensional renal tissues that emulate the cellular composition, geometry, and function of native kidney tissue would enable fundamental studies of filtration and reabsorption. Here, we have created 3D vascularized proximal tubule models composed of adjacent conduits that are lined with confluent epithelium and endothelium, embedded in a permeable ECM, and...
67 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Biomimetic systems often exhibit striking designs well adapted to specific functions that have been inspiring the development of new technologies. Herein, we explored the remarkable ability of honey bees to catch and release large quantities of pollen grains. Hair spacing and height on bees are crucial for their ability to...
68 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Moisture delivery in California is largely regulated by the strength and position of the North Pacific jet stream (NPJ), winter high-altitude winds that influence regional hydroclimate and forest fire during the following warm season. We use climate model simulations and paleoclimate data to reconstruct winter NPJ characteristics back to 1571...
69 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
In this paper we present a simple model for assessing the willingness to pay for reductions in the risk associated with catastrophic climate change. The model is extremely tractable and applies to a multiregion world but with global externalities and has five key features: (i) Neither the occurrence nor the...
70 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The presence of prosocial preferences is thought to reduce significantly the difficulty of solving societal collective action problems such as providing public goods (or reducing public bads). However, prosociality is often limited to members of an in-group. We present a general theoretical model where society is split into subgroups and...
71 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Most large-scale conservation policies are anticipated or announced in advance. This risks the possibility of preemptive resource extraction before the conservation intervention goes into force. We use a high-resolution dataset of satellite-based fishing activity to show that anticipation of an impending no-take marine reserve undermines the policy by triggering an...
72 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Although morphologies are diverse, the common pattern in bilaterians is for passage of food in the gut to be controlled by nerves and endodermally derived neuron-like cells. In vertebrates, nitric oxide (NO) derived from enteric nerves controls relaxation of the pyloric sphincter. Here, we show that in the larvae of...
73 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Utilization of heterosis has greatly increased the productivity of many crops worldwide. Although tremendous progress has been made in characterizing the genetic basis of heterosis using genomic technologies, molecular mechanisms underlying the genetic components are much less understood. Allele-specific expression (ASE), or imbalance between the expression levels of two parental...
74 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Cohesin is a key determinant of chromosome architecture due to its DNA binding and tethering ability. Cohesin binds near centromeres and chromosome arms and also close to telomeres, but its role near telomeres remains elusive. In budding yeast, transcription within 20 kb of telomeres is repressed, in part by the...
75 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Demyelination in the central nervous system (CNS) underlies many human diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). We report here the findings of our study of the CNS demyelination process using immune-induced [experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)] and chemical-induced [cuprizone (CPZ)] mouse models of demyelination. We found that necroptosis, a receptor-interacting protein 3...
76 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Malaria, the disease caused by Plasmodium spp. infection, remains a major global cause of morbidity and mortality. Host protection from malaria relies on immune-driven resistance mechanisms that kill Plasmodium. However, these mechanisms are not sufficient per se to avoid the development of severe forms of disease. This is accomplished instead...
77 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7/interleukin-24 (mda-7/IL-24) is a multifunctional cytokine displaying broad-spectrum anticancer activity in vitro or in vivo in preclinical animal cancer models and in a phase 1/2 clinical trial in patients with advanced cancers. mda-7/IL-24 targets specific miRNAs, including miR-221 and miR-320, for down-regulation in a cancer-selective manner. We demonstrate...
78 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Recent sequencing efforts have led to estimates of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome-wide intrahost diversity that rival those of persistent RNA viruses [Renzette N, Bhattacharjee B, Jensen JD, Gibson L, Kowalik TF (2011) PLoS Pathog 7:e1001344]. Here, we deep sequence HCMV genomes recovered from single and longitudinally collected blood samples from...
79 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Vaccinia virus protein A49 inhibits NF-κB activation by molecular mimicry and has a motif near the N terminus that is conserved in IκBα, β-catenin, HIV Vpu, and some other proteins. This motif contains two serines, and for IκBα and β-catenin, phosphorylation of these serines enables recognition by the E3 ubiquitin...
80 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Males of Drosophila melanogaster exhibit stereotypic courtship behavior through which they assess potential mates by processing multimodal sensory information. Although previous studies revealed important neural circuits involved in this process, the full picture of circuits that participate in male courtship remains elusive. Here, we established a genetic tool to visualize...
81 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The Drosophila circadian oscillator relies on a negative transcriptional feedback loop, in which the PERIOD (PER) and TIMELESS (TIM) proteins repress the expression of their own gene by inhibiting the activity of the CLOCK (CLK) and CYCLE (CYC) transcription factors. A series of posttranslational modifications contribute to the oscillations of...
82 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
A spin-1/2 lattice Heisenberg Kagome antiferromagnet (KAFM) is a prototypical frustrated quantum magnet, which exhibits exotic quantum spin liquids that evade long-range magnetic order due to the interplay between quantum fluctuation and geometric frustration. So far, the main focus has remained on the ground-state properties; however, the theoretical consensus regarding...
83 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
Humans’ ability to create and manipulate symbolic structures far exceeds that of other animals. We hypothesized that this ability rests on an early capacity to use arbitrary signs to represent any mental representation, even as abstract as an algebraic rule. In three experiments, we collected high-density EEG recordings while 150...
84 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
The ability to regulate behavior in service of long-term goals is a widely studied psychological construct known as self-regulation. This wide interest is in part due to the putative relations between self-regulation and a range of real-world behaviors. Self-regulation is generally viewed as a trait, and individual differences are quantified...
85 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Fisheries provide food. In industrialized nations, the overwhelming portion of seafood comes from a small number of commercial fishers and increasingly aquaculture (1). Fisheries also contribute to leisure and recreation. In developed nations, 1 in 10 people fishes for pleasure, amounting to at least 220 million recreational fishers worldwide (2,...
86 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Natural capital will be depleted rapidly and excessively if the long-term, offsite impacts of depletion are ignored. By examining the case of tropical forest burning, we illustrate such myopia: Pursuit of short-term economic gains results in air pollution that causes long-term, irreversible health impacts. We integrate longitudinal data on prenatal...
87 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Conventional markets can underprovide ecosystem services. Deliberate creation of a market for ecosystem services [e.g., a payments for ecosystem services (PES) scheme] can close the gap. The new ecosystem service market alters behaviors and quantities of ecosystem service provided and reveals prices for the ecosystems service: a market-clearing equilibrium. Assessing...
88 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Maintaining safe operating spaces for exploited natural systems in the face of uncertainty is a key sustainability challenge. This challenge can be viewed as a problem in which human society must navigate in a limited space of acceptable futures in which humans enjoy sufficient well-being and avoid crossing planetary boundaries....
89 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Oil spills can lead to irreversible environmental degradation and are a potential hazard to human health. We study how onshore oil spills affect neonatal and infant mortality by combining spatial data from the Nigerian Oil Spill Monitor with Demographic and Health Surveys. To identify a causal effect, we compare siblings...
90 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:51-07:00
Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) are complex, dynamic, interconnected systems with feedback across social and environmental dimensions. This feedback leads to formidable challenges for causal inference. Two significant challenges involve assumptions about excludability and the absence of interference. These two assumptions have been largely unexplored in the CHANS literature,...
91 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
COLLOQUIUM Correction for “Creativity and collaboration: Revisiting cybernetic serendipity,” by Ben Shneiderman, which was first published February 5, 2019; 10.1073/pnas.1807200116 (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 116:1837–1843). The author notes that, on page 1840, left column, second full paragraph, lines 4–5, Jeffrey Heer should have been included in the list of...
92 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
MEDICAL SCIENCES Correction for “Mutational landscape of primary, metastatic, and recurrent ovarian cancer reveals c-MYC gains as potential target for BET inhibitors,” by Charles Li, Elena Bonazzoli, Stefania Bellone, Jungmin Choi, Weilai Dong, Gulden Menderes, Gary Altwerger, Chanhee Han, Aranzazu Manzano, Anna Bianchi, Francesca Pettinella, Paola Manara, Salvatore Lopez, Ghanshyam...
93 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
PLANT BIOLOGY Correction for “Robust predictions of specialized metabolism genes through machine learning,” by Bethany M. Moore, Peipei Wang, Pengxiang Fan, Bryan Leong, Craig A. Schenck, John P. Lloyd, Melissa D. Lehti-Shiu, Robert L. Last, Eran Pichersky, and Shin-Han Shiu, which was first published February 5, 2019; 10.1073/pnas.1817074116 (Proc Natl...
94 show abstract
2019-03-19T10:36:52-07:00
MICROBIOLOGY Correction to Supporting Information for “Dietary sugar silences a colonization factor in a mammalian gut symbiont,” by Guy E. Townsend II, Weiwei Han, Nathan D. Schwalm III, Varsha Raghavan, Natasha A. Barry, Andrew L. Goodman, and Eduardo A. Groisman, which was first published December 17, 2018; 10.1073/pnas.1813780115 (Proc Natl...

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Impact

Journal Citation Reports (2017)

Impact factor: 9.504
Q1 (Multidisciplinary Sciences (5/64))

Scopus Journal Metrics (2017)

SJR: 6.092
SNIP: 2.626
Impact (Scopus CiteScore): 0.859
Quartile: Q1
CiteScore percentile: 95%
CiteScore rank: 4 out of 87
Cited by WUR staff: 6831 times. (2014-2016)

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