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Biological Conservation



ISSN: 0006-3207 (1873-2917)
Biodiversity Conservation - Environmental Sciences - Ecology - Nature and Landscape Conservation - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
APC costs unknown

Recent articles

1 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 27403604
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2018

Source: Biological Conservation
Author(s): Mark J. Costello, Karen H. Beard, Richard B. Primack, Vincent Devictor, Amanda E. Bates

How can the title of a paper affect its subsequent number of citations' We compared the citation rate of 5941 papers published in the journal Biological Conservation from 1968 to 2012 in relation to: paper length; title length; number of authors; paper age; presence of punctuation (colons, commas or question marks); geographic and taxonomic breadth; the word ‘method’; and the type of manuscript (article, review). The total number of citations increased in more recently published papers and thus we corrected citation rate (average number of citations per year since publication) by publication age. As expected, review papers had, on average, twice the number of citations compared to other types of articles. Papers with the greatest geographic or taxonomic breadth were cited up to twice as frequently as narrowly focused papers. Titles phrased as questions, shorter titles, and papers with more authors had slightly higher numbers of citations. However, overall, we found that the included parameters explained only 12% of the variability in citation rate. This suggests that finding a good title is necessary, but that other factors are more important to construct a well-cited paper. We suggest that to become highly cited, a primary requirement is that papers need to advance the science significantly and be useful to readers.

2 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 27427369
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2018

Source: Biological Conservation
Author(s): Nathan J. Bennett, Robin Roth

Conservation actions most often occur in peopled seascapes and landscapes. As a result, conservation decisions cannot rely solely on evidence from the natural sciences, but must also be guided by the social sciences, the arts and the humanities. However, we are concerned that too much of the current attention is on research that serves an instrumental purpose, by which we mean that the social sciences are used to justify and promote status quo conservation practices. The reasons for engaging the social sciences, as well as the arts and the humanities, go well beyond making conservation more effective. In this editorial, we briefly reflect on how expanding the types of social science research and the contributions of the arts and the humanities can help to achieve the transformative potential of conservation.

3 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28404012
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Margaux Y. Hein, Alastair Birtles, Bette L. Willis, Naomi Gardiner, Roger Beeden, Nadine A. Marshall

Coral restoration is increasingly used globally as a management tool to minimize accelerating coral reef degradation resulting from climate change. Yet, the science of coral restoration is still very focused on ecological and technical considerations, impeding the understanding of how coral restoration can be used to improve reef resilience in the context of socio-ecological systems. Here, we visited four well-established coral restoration projects in different regions of the world (Thailand, Maldives, Florida Keys, and US Virgin Islands), and conducted key-informant interviews to characterize local stakeholder's perceptions of the key benefits and limitations associated with restoration efforts. Our results reveal that perceptions around coral reef restoration encompass far more than ecological considerations, and include all four dimensions of sustainability: ecological, social, economic, and governance, suggesting that effective coral restoration should be guided by the principles of sustainability science. Socio-cultural benefits were the most frequently mentioned (72.4% of all respondents), while technical problems were the most common theme for limitations of coral restoration efforts (58.3% of the respondents). Participants also revealed some key points likely to improve the outcomes of coral restoration efforts such as the need to better embrace socio-cultural dimensions in goal setting, evaluate ecological outcomes more broadly, secure long-term funding and improve management and logistics of day to day practices. While we identify several important limitations of coral reef restoration, particularly around amateur workforces and limited involvement of local communities, our results suggest that coral restoration can be used as a powerful conservation education tool to provide hope, enhance agency, promote stewardship and strengthen coral reef conservation strategies.

4 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28434572
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Colin J. Thompson, Saritha Kodikara, Mark A. Burgman, Haydar Demirhan, Lewi Stone

Several new approaches to estimating the probability that a species is extinct have emerged recently. Different foundational assumptions can lead to different interpretations of data and potentially to different conclusions. To explore the implications of alternative formulations, here we develop and illustrate a Bayesian Updating method for inferring extinction based on records of observations and surveys. We illustrate how it combines incidental sightings and surveys with a data set for the Alaotra Grebe, showing how estimates of extinction may be updated as new data arise, providing a means for managers to reassess priorities for survey and management dynamically.

5 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28465271
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Pratibha Baveja, Qian Tang, Jessica G.H. Lee, Frank E. Rheindt

Endangerment and extinction of threatened populations can often be accelerated by genomic contamination through infiltration with alien alleles. With a growing anthropogenic footprint, many such hybridization events are human-mediated. The Milky Stork (Mycteria cinerea) is one such species whose genomic composition is threatened by human-mediated hybridization with its sister taxon, the Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala). A comprehensive investigation of the stork population in Singapore using three complementary population-genomic approaches revealed a large proportion of hybrids that have undergone several generations of genomic leakage from Painted Storks and fall along a genetic cline that closely mirrors a phenotypic cline from pure Milky to pure Painted. Although originating from a limited number of introduced Painted Storks, these hybrids are now an integral part of both the wild and captive Singaporean and southern peninsular Malaysian stork population. Genetically informed conservation management including the isolation of hybrids in captivity and a strict removal of hybrids from the wild along with a release of genetically pure Milky Storks is imperative for continued survival. Similar approaches must become routine in endangered species conservation as human-mediated hybridization increases in volume.

6 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28465272
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Yue Xu, Jihong Huang, Xinghui Lu, Yi Ding, Runguo Zang

Different dimensions of biodiversity other than species richness, such as phylogenetic and functional diversity, are increasingly appreciated as critical in conservation planning. Although China harbors a very rich plant biodiversity, a significant fraction of this diversity is endangered. Based on a distribution database of 320 rare and endangered plant species (REPs1), we measured taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity of REPs in China using three indices with a biologically comprehensive method. Priorities and conservation gaps across multiple biodiversity dimensions were identified. We show that priority areas for China's REPs exhibit low overlap across the three dimensions. Most of the priority areas across all three dimensions locate in southwestern China. We also identified some scattered priority areas in northeastern, northwestern and central China with phylogenetic and functional diversity. Existing nature reserves poorly represent the three dimensions of REPs biodiversity in China. We suggest that integrative approaches connecting biogeography, evolutionary and functional ecology could improve the protection efficiency of traditional conservation strategies. Our work highlights the need to explicitly link desired conservation objectives and biodiversity metrics, and provide a quantitative framework to advance future conservation planning aimed at protecting multi-facetted biodiversity.

7 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28465273
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Sophia C. Cooke, Lucy E. Haskell, Charles B. van Rees, Birgit Fessl


The smooth-billed ani (Crotophaga ani) is a widespread introduced bird species in the biologically important archipelago of Galápagos. Many scientists and local people consider it to be a damaging invasive, and it is possible that it impacts native species and ecosystems via multiple mechanisms. However, evidence for this is largely anecdotal and research on smooth-billed anis in Galápagos is limited. Despite this, there have been repeated attempts to control or eradicate the population over the past few decades, all without long-term success. These attempts continue, but no official plan of action regarding this species currently exists.
This review brings together all available information on smooth-billed anis in Galápagos. We use both published and unpublished research to answer the following questions:

What is known about the history of the smooth-billed anis' introduction to Galápagos'


What are the possible impacts of smooth-billed anis in Galápagos'


What attempts have been undertaken to control or eradicate smooth-billed anis in Galápagos and what were their outcomes'

In answering these questions, we highlight numerous knowledge gaps, in both the current understanding of the impacts of this introduced species and the effectiveness of potential control or eradication methods. We find an urgent need for further research before considered, resource-efficient decisions can be made regarding smooth-billed anis in Galápagos.

8 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28465274
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Thomas W. Franklin, Kevin S. McKelvey, Jessie D. Golding, Daniel H. Mason, Joseph C. Dysthe, Kristine L. Pilgrim, John R. Squires, Keith B. Aubry, Robert A. Long, Samuel E. Greaves, Catherine M. Raley, Scott Jackson, Paula MacKay, Joshua Lisbon, Joel D. Sauder, Michael T. Pruss, Don Heffington, Michael K. Schwartz

The management of rare species is a conservation priority worldwide, but this task is made difficult by detection errors in population surveys. Both false positive (misidentification) and false negative (missed detection) errors are prevalent in surveys for rare species and can affect resulting inferences about their population status or distribution. Environmental DNA (eDNA)—DNA shed from an organism in its environment—coupled with quantitative PCR (qPCR) analyses, has become a reliable and extremely sensitive mean for identifying rare species in aquatic systems. Due to the demonstrated effectiveness of these methods, we tested their efficacy in surveys for rare species in terrestrial settings to reduce detection errors for three rare forest carnivores of conservation concern: Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis), fisher (Pekania pennanti), and wolverine (Gulo gulo). We specifically investigated our ability to reliably: 1) identify species directly from snow samples collected within tracks; 2) identify species by collecting snow in locations where an animal had been photographed; and 3) identify species from hair samples collected during the summer after being deployed throughout the winter (i.e., overwinter surveys). Our findings indicated that qPCR assays can effectively detect DNA of all three species, including from snow-track surveys, snow collected at camera stations, and overwinter samples that failed to amplify with conventional PCR techniques. All results indicate that the sources of targeted DNA collection provided adequate quantities of DNA for robust species detection. We suggest that using qPCR methods to detect DNA has the potential to revolutionize winter surveys for rare species in terrestrial settings by reducing or eliminating misidentifications and missed detections.

9 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28499650
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Barry R. Noon
10 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28499651
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Adam Pekor, Jennifer R.B. Miller, Michael V. Flyman, Samuel Kasiki, M. Kristina Kesch, Susan M. Miller, Kenneth Uiseb, Vincent van der Merve, Peter A. Lindsey

The fencing of protected areas (PAs) is highly controversial, and much remains unknown about the associated financial, ecological, and social impacts. We surveyed experts on 63 fenced and 121 unfenced PAs across 23 African countries to assess the advantages and drawbacks of fencing. Where fences exist, they are largely supported and widely viewed as effective at demarcating PA boundaries and mitigating human-wildlife conflicts. However, most fences were insufficiently funded, which limited their ability to contain conflict-prone species like elephants and lions. Fences were also frequently vandalised and caused numerous conflicts with local communities. We documented for the first time the distribution of and support for fencing in PAs across Africa. While fencing is largely limited to Southern Africa and East Africa, support for fencing is greatest in West Africa and is associated with high human and livestock densities, and high threats from bushmeat harvesting, livestock encroachment, and logging.

11 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28499652
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Trevor Jones, Joseph E. Hawes, Guy W. Norton, Dawn M. Hawkins

The effectiveness of Protected Areas (PAs) in reducing hunting pressure on mammal populations in tropical forests has rarely been examined at a community-wide level. In African forests, commercial and subsistence hunting are widespread, but assessments of mammal abundance and distribution patterns are often lacking. We investigated patterns of occupancy and abundance for 27 species of medium- to large-bodied mammals (>2 kg) within Tanzania's Udzungwa Mountains Afromontane forests, a global biodiversity hotspot. We sampled 22 forest sites within 10 forests under varying degrees of protection, elevation, distance to extractive communities, and levels of law enforcement. We sampled 251.7 km of recce line transects during dry seasons (July–November) between September 2007 and July 2010. We found a strong positive effect of protection status on species richness and on encounter rates of the most commonly encountered species. Consistent with the levels of resources and enforcement within each PA category, there was a significant progression in species richness and abundance from Forest Reserves through Nature Reserves to sites within Udzungwa Mountains National Park. Protective status closely reflected levels of disturbance. Snaring activity, and distance to ranger posts were identified as significant predictors of overall species richness and encounter rates for mammal species, including endemics. The species-area relationship for our study species was found to be largely overridden by levels of protection. Our findings demonstrate PA effectiveness in Afromontane forests and reinforce concerns over hunting pressures particularly the threat posed by snares.

Graphical abstract

12 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28499653
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Annie G. West, David W. Waite, Peter Deines, David G. Bourne, Andrew Digby, Valerie J. McKenzie, Michael W. Taylor

As global biodiversity continues to reduce at an alarming rate, threatened species are increasingly being brought under intensive management or into captivity. However, current conservation management programmes are often impeded by poor animal health and low reproductive success. Microorganisms play vital roles in the growth and maintenance of healthy multicellular organisms, including neurological and immune system development, gut nutrition, and pathogen defence. The microbiome refers to the vast community of microorganisms, and their collective genes, that live on and within a host organism. An imbalance or breakdown of the microbiome may in some cases be associated with severe negative health consequences for the host. Factors such as habitat degradation and transition into captive breeding programmes can significantly alter the microbiome of threatened species, though the effects of such microbial community changes on health, fitness and ultimately survival of the animals remain poorly understood. This perspective article collates important microbiome research in threatened animals from around the world to make a case for the inclusion of microbial research in modern conservation practice.

13 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28499654
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Adam K. Janke, Micheal J. Anteau, Joshua D. Stafford

Increasing global demands for land to produce food, fiber, and energy threatens temperate grassland and wetland ecosystems, catalyzing a need to inform strategic and efficient approaches to conserve ecological function in these ecosystems. In the Prairie Pothole Region of North America, an extensive agricultural footprint has grown since the late 19th century and recently expanded in extent and intensity of cultivation in response to improved technology and global demands. Despite extensive modifications, many wetlands remain in a matrix of intensively farmed uplands in this landscape. We comprehensively evaluated contributions of those wetlands to spring-migrating ducks by studying two wetland-obligate foragers—lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) and blue-winged teal (Anas discors)—as they migrated to northern breeding ranges. We measured a comprehensive suite of physiological, ecological, and behavioral metrics important during migration in wetlands across a range of upland cultivation intensities at fine and coarse spatial extents. We found no systematic negative responses in invertebrate prey abundance, abundance of migrants, or lipid metabolism of migrant females across the cultivation intensity gradient. Further, abundance and physiology of blue-winged teal and some key invertebrate prey densities were higher in more intensively cultivated landscapes. Our results demonstrated extant wetlands in modern, intensively farmed landscapes make meaningful contributions to spring-migrating ducks despite likely negative impacts of proximate upland cultivation. This insight raises questions about the consequences of agricultural perturbations and the baseline functionality of wetlands in agriculturally productive landscapes that have implications for wetland restoration and conservation strategies employed here and in intensively farmed landscapes globally.

14 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28541385
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Frederico Santarém, Paulo Pereira, Jarkko Saarinen, José Carlos Brito

Evaluating flagship species and their potential for biological preservation and ecotourism development is a key issue for many audiences within the conservation and social fields. Despite several methods available to identify flagships, their application is often constrained in remote, poorly studied regions. Developments are needed in statistical and spatially-explicit approaches to assess species' traits influencing flagship appealing, to identify flagship fleets, and to map the location of flagship hotspots. Here, we developed a new method to identify flagship species in regions with knowledge gaps, using a two-stage statistical approach (ordination and clustering algorithms) to assess variable's contribution to appealing and to group species sharing similar characteristics into flagship fleets. We then mapped areas concentrating the highest richness of flagships. Unique morphologies and behaviours, conservation status, endemicity, body size and weight, and feeding habits were the traits contributing the most to the flagship appealing. Nine flagship fleets were identified, from which two were the most suitable for conservation marketing and ecotourism promotion campaigns in Sahara-Sahel: Fleet A comprising 36 large-bodied species (18 mammals, 18 reptiles) and Fleet B including 70 small-bodied species (10 birds, six mammals, 54 reptiles). A total of 19 and 16 hotspots were identified for large-bodied and small-bodied flagships, respectively. The methodology was suitable to identify flagship species for conservation marketing and for developing ecotourism operations in the Sahara-Sahel, to independently assess which species' traits are relevant for flagship appealing, and to organise fleets for multispecies-based marketing campaigns. The framework is scalable and replicable worldwide.

15 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28541386
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Naoki Katayama, Idriss Bouam, Chieko Koshida, Yuki G. Baba

Although there are several alternative approaches to conventional farming for the nexus of food and biodiversity, the effects of different land management regimes on biodiversity conservation and agricultural production have not been fully evaluated. Focusing on orchard and vineyard landscapes, which host many conservation-priority species, we conducted a series of meta-analyses to compare (1) three measures of biodiversity (taxon richness, abundance, and community similarity) among five management regimes (conventional, integrated, organic, and abandoned orchards/vineyards and (semi-)natural habitats) and (2) fruit/nut yield among the three farming systems. Compared to conventional farming, integrated farming supported higher richness (on average +11%) and a slightly lower yield (−1%). The lack of positive effect on overall abundance was due to the increase in natural enemies and the decrease in pests. Organic farming showed greater richness and abundance (+16% and +51%, respectively) and a significantly lower yield (−18%). (Semi-)natural habitats and abandoned orchards/vineyards showed less similar community compositions to conventional orchards/vineyards than to integrated ones. Our study provides the differential effects of management regimes as alternatives to conventional farming on biodiversity conservation and fruit/nut production. Future studies should explore whether a combined use of land sharing (integrated and organic farming) and land sparing, including the preservation of old orchards, is a better strategy than either land sharing or sparing for conserving biodiversity on multiple spatial scales with a minimal loss in food production. This is particularly true for Asia, where large areas of orchards remain poorly investigated.

16 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28541387
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): A. Treves, F.J. Santiago-Ávila, W.S. Lynn

We are failing to protect the biosphere. Novel views of conservation, preservation, and sustainability are surfacing in the wake of consensus about our failures to prevent extinction or slow climate change. We argue that the interests and well-being of non-humans, youth, and future generations of both human and non-human beings (futurity) have too long been ignored in consensus-based, anthropocentric conservation. Consensus-based stakeholder-driven processes disadvantage those absent or without a voice and allow current adult humans and narrow, exploitative interests to dominate decisions about the use of nature over its preservation for futurity of all life. We propose that authentically non-anthropocentric worldviews that incorporate multispecies justice are needed for a legitimate, deliberative, and truly democratic process of adjudication between competing interests in balancing the preservation and use of nature. Legitimate arenas for such adjudication would be courts that can defend intergenerational equity, which is envisioned by many nations' constitutions, and can consider current and future generations of non-human life. We urge practitioners and scholars to disavow implicit anthropocentric value judgments in their work – or make these transparent and explicit – and embrace a more comprehensive worldview that grants future life on earth fair representation in humanity's decisions and actions today.

17 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28541388
Publication date: Available online 28 November 2018

Source: Biological Conservation
Author(s): Lain E. Pardo, Fabio de Oliveira Roque, Mason J. Campbell, William F. Laurance
18 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28582702
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Markus O. Kukkonen, Ilpo Tammi

Protected areas (PA) cover an impressive 62% of Laos' land surface, however there are a lot of low biodiversity value residential and agricultural areas within the protected area network (PAN). The Government of Laos is aiming to re-delineate the PAN in order to exclude these areas. We support this aim by estimating how efficiently different protected area categories have reduced deforestation, by modeling priority areas for conservation and by evaluating the mismatch between these and the current PAN. Protection effectiveness was analyzed via combined matching and regression method, which indicates that only National Protected Areas have actually reduced deforestation, while the remaining PA categories have had negligible impacts. Spatial multi-criteria decision analysis supported by local and international expert knowledge on conservation, forestry and land management was used to model conservation priority areas, which were compared with the current PAN. The results indicate that vast overprotected low conservation priority areas exist inside the PAN, especially within Protection Forest Areas. Based on these findings, we argue that the current PAN is ineffective and inappropriately targeted. We recommend that Laos re-delineates and downsizes its PAN to ensure sufficient management of remaining high conservation priority areas both inside and outside the PAN. We further discuss potential methods and co-benefits of PA re-delineation in Laos' context. The findings are also globally linked to limitations of systematic conservation planning in data-scarce developing countries and the need to improve both quality and coverage of biodiversity data alongside protected area monitoring and management.

19 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28625967
Publication date: February 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 230
Author(s): L.E. Berry, F.A. L' Hotellier, A. Carter, L. Kemp, R.P. Kavanagh, D.A. Roshier

Introduced predators are a major driver of global biodiversity loss. Over the last 200 years, the distribution and abundance of critical-weight-range mammals in Australia has declined, with many species now locally extinct or confined to small isolated refuges. From 2004 onwards as part of a major conservation initiative, the Australian Wildlife Conservancy reintroduced three threatened mammal species, the Greater Bilby (Macrotis lagotis), Bridled Nailtail Wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata) and Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus), into an 8000-hectare area protected by conservation fencing at Scotia Sanctuary in semi-arid New South Wales. Our study examined habitat selection for these species following multiple generations in a fenced area free of introduced predators.
We used nocturnal spotlighting and diurnal search transect data collected over a two-year period to identify habitat preferences for these species, a decade after release. We used a Distance Sampling approach to examine differences in detectability between vegetation types, and Chi-Squared tests to identify differences in habitat use relative to availability. We used a Utilization Distribution (UD) analysis to identify how the spatial distribution of habitat affected its usage at Scotia Sanctuary. Habitat use of each species was compared with the results of a study conducted shortly after initial releases.
We found that patterns of habitat use for these species differed to those identified following their initial release. We found a strong preference for shrub vegetation communities for all species relative to availability, as well as some variation in habitat preferences between two fenced areas (Stage 1 and Stage 2). The UD analysis revealed patterns of habitat use for one species (Bilby) that were not apparent from Chi-squared analysis, highlighting the importance of considering the spatial heterogeneity and proximity of different vegetation types when identifying species preferences.
Our results demonstrate that in the absence of introduced predators these threatened species are able to use all of the vegetation types available, and by altering their habitat use over time, to persist following reintroduction into contemporary contexts within their historic ranges.

20 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28625968
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Roxana Grindean, Ioan Tanţău, Angelica Feurdean

The threats posed by current and future changes in land use and climate have recently stressed the importance of evaluating the efficiency of present conservation measures that seek to restore or protect the naturalness of the wooded landscape. In Romania, the remaining old-growth forests in national parks have been consistently degraded by commercial logging and inappropriate forestry practices. This study provides an 8800 cal BP old history of compositional changes and disturbance regimes (natural and human induced) recorded in the old-growth Picea abies forests and P. abies–Fagus sylvatica–Abies alba mixed forests from the Rodna Mountains National Park. Our results reveal moderate turnover between 8800 and 5000 cal BP when vegetation dynamics were marked by the expansion of a closed P. abies forest and moderate disturbance intensity. The most stable compositional changes were recorded between 5000 and 1750 cal BP, primarily associated with the expansion of F. sylvatica and a low disturbance regime. The last 1750 years, but in particular over the last 50 years, correspond to the highest degree of turnover as a response to increased anthropogenic disturbance. This led to the reduced extent of the old-growth forest and extension of secondary forest (Pinus, Betula, Corylus avellana and Alnus glutinosa). This pollen based reconstruction of major forest cover loss over the last fifty years is also depicted in modern satellite imagery. Our long-term record indicates that the conservation status of the forests in this region is not efficiently implemented and in the future we may lose large tracts of the remaining old-growth forests.

21 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28625969
Publication date: January 2019

Source: Biological Conservation, Volume 229
Author(s): Thomas P. Higginbottom, Nigel J. Collar, Elias Symeonakis, Stuart J. Marsden

While much has been published on recent rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands, deforestation rates and patterns on Java's endemic-rich mountains have been rather neglected. We used nearly 1000 Landsat images to examine spatio-altitudinal and temporal patterns of forest loss in montane West Java over the last 28 years, and the effectiveness of protected areas in halting deforestation over that period. Around 40% of forest has been lost since 1988, the bulk occurring pre-2000 (2.5% per annum), falling to 1% per annum post-2007. Most deforestation has occurred at lower altitudes (<1000 m above sea level), both as attrition of the edges of forested mountain blocks as well as the near-total clearance of lower-altitude forested areas. Deforestation within protected areas was rife pre-2000, but greatly decreased thereafter, almost ceasing post-2007 in protected areas of high International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) status. While this trend is welcome, it must be stressed that the area of remaining forest is only 5234 km2, that most accessible lower-altitude forest has already disappeared, and that the extant montane forest is largely fragmented and isolated. The biological value of these forests is huge and without strong intervention we anticipate imminent loss of populations of taxa such as the Javan Slow Loris Nycticebus javanicus and Javan Green Magpie Cissa thalassina.

22 show abstract
0006-3207 * * 28625970
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2018

Source: Biological Conservation
Author(s): Joe J. Figel, Sebastián Botero-Cañola, Juan David Sánchez-Londoño, Reed F. Noss

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Journal Citation Reports (2017)

Impact factor: 4.660
Q1 (Biodiversity Conservation (5/55))
Q1 (Environmental Sciences (26/241))
Q1 (Ecology (19/158))

Scopus Journal Metrics (2017)

SJR: 2.397
SNIP: 1.806
Impact (Scopus CiteScore): 0.463
Quartile: Q1
CiteScore percentile: 95%
CiteScore rank: 6 out of 124
Cited by WUR staff: 894 times. (2014-2016)

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