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Record number 302104
Title Anthropogenic soil formation and agricultural history of the open fields of Valthe (Drenthe, the Netherlands) in mediaeval and early modern times
Author(s) Smeerdijk, D.G. van; Spek, T.; Kooistra, M.J.
Source In: Neogene and Quaternary geology of North-West Europe; contributions on the occasion of Waldo H. Zagwijn's retirement / Herngreen, G.F.W., van der Valk, L., - p. 451 - 479.
Department(s) Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research
Publication type Chapter in scientific book
Publication year 1995
Abstract An interdisciplinary study on anthropogenic arable soils in the Dutch Province of Drenthe resulted in valuable information on reclamation history, soil formation and arable farming in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times. This paper describes a genetic typology of Drenthe plaggen soils, based on the occurrence of fossil plough layers. Five stages of open-field reclamation could be reconstructed and dated. Palaeo-ecological and micromorphological research showed that the oldest reclamations were carried out on brown podzolic soils supporting oak and hazel forest. Medieval crop rotations included spring cereals (barley, oat, rye), winter cereals (rye) and fallow.
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