A new method, using poly-O-acetylβ-D-glycopyranosylbromide, methyl 9- or methyl 12-hydroxyoctadecanoate and triethylamine as catalyst, is described for the synthesis of a new class of nonionic surfactants. Chemical structures were identified using 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy including two-dimensional techniques and Fourier transforming infrared. Critical micelle concentrations and surface tension profiles of these O-alkyl-β-D-glycosides in water were determined.
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