Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 308077
Title A bovine respiratory syncytial virus strain with mutations in subgroup-specific antigenic domains of the G protein induces partial heterologous protection in cattle
Author(s) Schrijver, R.S.; Langedijk, J.P.M.; Middel, W.G.J.; Kramps, J.A.; Rijsewijk, F.A.M.; Oirschot, J.T. van
Source Veterinary Microbiology 63 (1998)2-4. - ISSN 0378-1135 - p. 159 - 175.
Department(s) ID Lelystad, Institute for Animal Science and Health
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1998
Abstract Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) strains are tentatively divided in subgroups A, AB and B, based on antigenic differences of the G protein. A Dutch BRSV strain (Waiboerhoeve: WBH), could not be assigned to one of the subgroups, because the strain did not react with any monoclonal antibody against the G protein. We describe here that the WBH strain has accumulated critical mutations in subgroup-specific domains of the G protein gene, which also occur but then independently in G protein genes of BRSV subgroup A or B strains. Although the comparison of nucleotide residues 256-792 of the G gene of the WBH strain with those of subgroup A and B strains showed that the G gene of the WBH strain is different from that of BRSV subgroup A and B strains, the sequence divergence was not more than observed within the G genes of human respiratory syncytial virus subgroup A or B strains. The WBH strain did not induce severe disease after experimental infection of calves, and induced partial protection against a heterologous challenge. Despite the dissimilarity of the conserved central regions of the G protein of the WBH strain and that of the challenge strain, a secondary antibody response against this region was induced in WBH-infected calves after challenge. We conclude that complete BRSV virus can partially protect against a BRSV infection with a strain that contains an antigenic dissimilar G protein. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
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