ID Lelystad, Institute for Animal Science and Health
Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) strains are tentatively divided in subgroups A, AB and B, based on antigenic differences of the G protein. A Dutch BRSV strain (Waiboerhoeve: WBH), could not be assigned to one of the subgroups, because the strain did not react with any monoclonal antibody against the G protein. We describe here that the WBH strain has accumulated critical mutations in subgroup-specific domains of the G protein gene, which also occur but then independently in G protein genes of BRSV subgroup A or B strains. Although the comparison of nucleotide residues 256-792 of the G gene of the WBH strain with those of subgroup A and B strains showed that the G gene of the WBH strain is different from that of BRSV subgroup A and B strains, the sequence divergence was not more than observed within the G genes of human respiratory syncytial virus subgroup A or B strains. The WBH strain did not induce severe disease after experimental infection of calves, and induced partial protection against a heterologous challenge. Despite the dissimilarity of the conserved central regions of the G protein of the WBH strain and that of the challenge strain, a secondary antibody response against this region was induced in WBH-infected calves after challenge. We conclude that complete BRSV virus can partially protect against a BRSV infection with a strain that contains an antigenic dissimilar G protein. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
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