In the work described, seed oils rich in linolenic acid were used for the synthesis of aliphatic oxiranes. The oils studied were linseed (Linum usitatissimum) oil, Canadian linseed oil and the oil of Lallemantia iberica. The oils contained 54.1, 60.2 and 68.0% of linolenic acid, respectively, and showed high theoretical iodine values of 211,226 and 236 g/hg. Unsaturations in the oils were used to introduce epoxides by epoxidation with in situ generated peroxyacetic acid. The epoxidized oils, showing high percentages of oxirane oxygen (9.4, 10.0 and 10.7%, were applied as crosslinkers in powder-coating formulations. The major advantage of these types of crosslinkers is that they are neither toxic nor mutagenic, in contrast with the widely applied synthetic triglycidyl isocyanurate (TGIC) crosslinkers. However, two potential problems exist when aliphatic oxiranes are compared with conventional TGIC systems. A decrease in glass transition temperature (T(g)) of the powder formulation and a higher degree of yellowing of the coating are often observed. In this paper the effects of using oils containing high linolenic acid contents on the yellowing of the coating and the T(g) of the powder, are studied. It appeared that aliphatic oxiranes are suitable as environment-friendly crosslinkers in powder-coating systems.
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