Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 312107
Title The 1997-1998 epidemic of classical swine fever in the Netherlands
Author(s) Stegeman, A.; Elbers, A.; Smit, H. de; Moser, H.; Smak, J.; Pluimers, F.
Source Veterinary Microbiology 73 (2000)2-3. - ISSN 0378-1135 - p. 183 - 196.
Department(s) ID Lelystad, Institute for Animal Science and Health
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract In 1997, the pig husbandry in the Netherlands was struck by a severe epidemic of classical swine fever (CSF). During this epidemic 429 CSF- infected herds were depopulated and ≃1300 herds were slaughtered pre- emptively. In addition millions of pigs of herds not CSF-infected were killed for welfare reasons (over crowding or overweight). In this paper, we describe the course of the epidemic and the measures that were taken to control it. The first outbreak was detected on 4 February 1997 in the pig dense south- eastern part of the Netherlands. We estimate that CSF virus (CSFV) had already been present in the country by that time for 5-7 weeks and that the virus had been introduced into ≃39 herds before the eradication campaign started. This campaign consisted of stamping-out infected herds, movement restrictions and efforts to diagnose infected herds as soon as possible. However, despite these measures the rate at which new outbreaks were detected continued to rise. The epidemic faded out only upon the implementation of additional measures such as rapid pre-emptive slaughter of herds in contact with or located near infected herds, increased hygienic measures, biweekly screening of all herds by veterinary practitioners, and reduction of the transportation movements for welfare reasons. The last infected herd was depopulated on 6 March 1998. (C) 2000 Elservier Science B.V.
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