Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 315105
Title State-space prediction of field-scale soil water content time series in a sandy loam
Author(s) Wendroth, O.; Rogasik, H.; Koszinski, S.; Ritsema, C.J.; Dekker, L.W.; Nielsen, D.R.
Source Soil & Tillage Research 50 (1999). - ISSN 0167-1987 - p. 85 - 93.
Department(s) Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1999
Abstract The description of field soil water content time series can be affected by uncertainty due to measurement errors of the respective state variables, errors due to assumptions underlying the model, and errors in the determination of boundary conditions. In this study, a simple state-equation was applied for predicting field soil water contents at three different soil depths. The simple state-model yielded large deviations of predictions from the measured soil water content, especially for the upper soil depth. Apparently, the magnitude of the estimated evaporation rate was too high. The prediction result could significantly be improved when the calculated evaporation was reduced by a factor of 0.7. In order to account for uncertainty sources associated with this simple approach, the state-equation was combined with a stochastic technique, the so-called Kalman-Filter. Applying the Kalman-Filter, the prediction quality significantly increased, even when the erroneously high evaporation was assumed to be true. However, prediction uncertainty increased for the same time periods, for which it was shown earlier that spatial correlation of soil water status was either random or very short. When the Kalman-Filter was applied in a scenario to the surface layer only, simulated soil water content in layers 2 and 3 agreed to measurements and were highly improved compared to simulations when layer I was not filtered. Hence, application of lab determined soil hydraulic property functions in combination with state observations of upper soil horizon water content and with the Kalman-Filter provides a promising opportunity to describe and predict soil water contents for entire soil profiles even under the presence of uncertainty sources.
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