Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 318146
Title An approximately 400 kDa membrane-associated complex that contains one molecule of the resistance protein Cf-4
Author(s) Rivas, S.; Mucyn, T.; Burg, H.A. van den; Vervoort, J.; Jones, J.D.
Source The Plant Journal 29 (2002)6. - ISSN 0960-7412 - p. 783 - 796.
Department(s) Biochemistry
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2002
Abstract Cf-9 proteins discriminate between two Cladosporium-encoded avirulence determinants, Avr4 and Avr9. Comparative studies between Cf-4 and Cf-9 are thus of particular interest. To investigate Cf-4 protein function in initiating defence signalling, we established transgenic tobacco lines and derived cell suspension cultures expressing c-myc-tagged Cf-4. Cf-4:myc encodes a membrane-localized glycoprotein of approximately 145 kDa, which confers recognition of Avr4. Elicitation of Cf-4:myc and Cf-9:myc tobacco cell cultures with Avr4 and Avr9, respectively, triggered the synthesis of active oxygen species and MAP kinase activation. Additionally, an Agrobacterium-mediated transient assay was used to express Cf-4:myc and a newly engineered fusion protein Cf-4:TAP. Both transiently expressed proteins were found to be functional in an in vivo assay, conferring a hypersensitive response (HR) to Avr4. Consistent with previous observations that Cf-9 is present in a protein complex, gel filtration analysis of microsomal fractions solubilized with octylglucoside revealed that epitope-tagged Cf-4 proteins migrated at a molecular mass of 350-475 kDa. Using blue native gel electrophoresis, the molecular size was confirmed to be approximately 400 kDa. Significantly, this complex appeared to contain only one Cf-4 molecule, supporting the idea that, as previously described for Cf-9, additional glycoprotein partners participate with Cf-4 in the perception of the Avr4 protein. Intriguingly, Cf proteins and Clavata2 (CLV2) of Arabidopsis are highly similar in structure, and the molecular mass of Cf-4 and CLV complexes is also very similar (400 and 450 kDa, respectively). However, extensive characterization of the Cf-4 complex revealed essentially identical characteristics to the Cf-9 complex and significant differences from the CLV2 complex.
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