A database of 502 recent European wheat varieties, mainly of winter type, was constructed using 19 wheat microsatellites and one secalin-specific marker. All datapoints were generated in at least two laboratories using different techniques for fragment analysis. An overall level of >99.5ccuracy was achieved. The 199 alleles detected allowed discrimination between all of the varieties except duplicates, and varieties derived from identical parents. Approximately 25␘f the varieties showed some heterogeneities, with the highest level of heterogeneity in south-eastern European material. The highest genetic diversity and the highest number of rare alleles were found in varieties from southern Europe. The relative allele frequencies varied for most microsatellites in different geographical regions
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