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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 327402
Title Relevance of sexual polyploidization for crop improvement - A review
Author(s) Ramanna, M.S.; Jacobsen, E.
Source Euphytica 133 (2003)1. - ISSN 0014-2336 - p. 3 - 18.
Department(s) Laboratory of Plant Breeding
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) in-situ hybridization - solanum-tuberosum l - gossypium-hirsutum l - 2n pollen formation - division restitution - festuca-pratensis - molecular cytogenetics - homoeologous recombination - aegilops-squarrosa - lolium-multiflorum
Abstract Colchicine induced polyploids have not directly contributed for crop improvement in the past. On the other hand, the so-called natural polyploids, derived from the functioning of numerically unreduced (2n) gametes have been shown to be more relevant for crop improvement in many cases. Different types of cytological abnormalities during meiosis can give rise to 2n gametes and the genetic composition of these gametes is variable. Depending on the type meiotic abnormalities, various types of 2n gametes, such as first division restitution (FDR), second division restitution (SDR), indeterminate meiotic restitution (IMR) and post meiotic restitution (PMR) gametes, among, others. have been described in recent years. For the improvement of autopolyploids such as potato, alfalfa, Vaccinium spp., and some of the fodder grasses, FDR gametes have been proved to be highly useful. However, the use of 2n gametes for the improvement of allopolyploid crops has received much less attention so far. Some of the investigations on allopolyploids, derived from Festuca-Lolium, Alstroemeria and Lilium species hybrids, have revealed that 2n gametes can be most useful for the introgression of alien genes and chromosomes into cultivars. An important feature of using sexual polyploidization in the case of allopolyploids is that introgression can be achieved through recombination due to genetic crossing-over between alien chromosomes as well as addition of alien chromosomes, which is extremely difficult or impossible to achieve in the case of colchicine induced allopolyploids. Because of the recent developments in the field of plant molecular biology, methods have become available for the analysis of 2n gametes and sexual polyploid progenies more accurately and to develop systematic breeding approaches. The methods include DNA in situ hybridization (GISH and FISH) and molecular mapping (AFLP, RFLP, RAPDs). In addition to providing basic information on the genetic and genome composition of the polyploid progenies, these methods can be potentially useful for a more efficient creation of desirable breeding material and cultivars.
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