Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 327587
Title Effect of mixing rate on Beta-carotene production and extraction by dunaliella salina in two-phase bioreactors
Author(s) Hejazi, M.; Andrysiewicz, E.; Tramper, J.; Wijffels, R.H.
Source Biotechnology and Bioengineering 84 (2003)5. - ISSN 0006-3592 - p. 591 - 596.
Department(s) Bioprocess Engineering
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) growth - plant - cells - cultures - stress
Abstract beta-Carotene has many applications in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries; Dunaliella salina is currently the main source for natural beta-carotene. We have investigated the effect of mixing rate and whether it leads to the facilitated release of beta-carotene from the cells of Dunaliella salina in two-phase bioreactors. Three pairs of bioreactors were inoculated at the same time, operated at 100, 150, and 170 rounds per minute, respectively, and illuminated with a light intensity of 700 mumol m(-2) s(-1). Each pair consisted of one bioreactor containing only aqueous phase for the blank and one containing the water phase together with dodecane, which is biocompatible with the cells. Comparison of the viability and growth of the cells grown under different agitation rates shows that 170 rpm and 150 rpm are just as good as 100 rpm. The presence and absence of the organic phase also has no influence on the viability and growth of the cells. In contrast to the growth rate, the extraction rate of beta-carotene is influenced by the stirrer speed. The extraction rate increases at a higher stirring rate. The effectiveness of extraction with respect to power input is comparable for all the applied mixing rates, even though it is slightly lower for 100 rpm than the others. The chlorophyll concentration in the organic phase remained very low during the experiment, although at higher mixing rates, chlorophyll impurity increased up to 3% (w/w) of the total extracted pigments. At 170 rpm carotenoid and chlorophyll undergo the highest extraction rate for both pigments - 0.5% of the chlorophyll and 6% of the carotenoid is extracted. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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