Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 343685
Title A transmembrane phospholipase D in Phytophthora; a novel PLD subfamily
Author(s) Meijer, H.J.G.; Latijnhouwers, M.; Ligterink, W.; Govers, F.
Source Gene 350 (2005)2. - ISSN 0378-1119 - p. 173 - 182.
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2005
Keyword(s) phosphatidic-acid - infestans - yeast - motif - phosphoinositides - activation - sequences - beta
Abstract Phospholipase D (PLD) is a ubiquitous enzyme in eukaryotes that participates in various cellular processes. Its catalytic domain is characterized by two HKD motifs in the C-terminal part. Until now, two subfamilies were recognized based on their N-terminal domain structure. The first has a PX domain in combination with a PH domain and is designated as PXPH-PLD. Members of the second subfamily, named C2-PLD, have a C2 domain and have, so far, only been found in plants. Here we describe a novel PLD subfamily that we identified in Phytophthora, a genus belonging to the class oomycetes and comprising many important plant pathogens. We cloned Pipld1 from Phytophthora infestans and retrieved full-length sequences of its homologues from Phytophthora sojae and Phytophthora ramorum genome databases. Their promoters contain two putative regulatory elements, one of which is highly conserved in all three genes. The three Phytophthora pld1 genes encode nearly identical proteins of around 1807 amino acids, with the two characteristic HKD motifs in the C-terminal part. Homology of the predicted proteins with known PLDs however is restricted to the two catalytic HKD motifs and adjacent domains. In the N-terminal part Phytophthora PLD1 has a PX-like domain, but it lacks a PH domain. Instead the N-terminal region contains five putative membrane spanning domains suggesting that Phytophthora PLD1 is a transmembrane protein. Since Phytophthora PLD1 cannot be categorized in one of the two existing subfamilies we propose to create a novel subfamily named PXTM-PLD
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