Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 344192
Title Bulk conductivity of soft surface layers : experimental measurement and electrokinetic implications
Author(s) Yezek, L.P.
Source Langmuir 21 (2005)22. - ISSN 0743-7463 - p. 10054 - 10060.
Department(s) Physical Chemistry and Colloid Science
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2005
Keyword(s) poly(n-isopropylacrylamide) microgel particles - grafted polyelectrolyte layers - electrophoretic mobility - streaming current - swelling behavior - donnan potentials - gel layers - interfaces - charge - diffusion
Abstract Conductivity measurements were carried out on a family of polyacrylamide-co-sodium acrylate gels cross-linked with N,N¿ -methylenebisacrylamide in a homemade electrokinetic cell. The conductivity data allowed the equilibrium Donnan potential difference between the bulk gel and the bulk electrolyte solution to be estimated at various ionic strengths. The data were fit to a simple model assuming full dissociation of functional groups as well as to a more complete model (Dukhin, S. S.; Zimmerman, R.; Werner, C. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2004, 274, 309) that accounts for the weak electrolyte nature of the acrylate groups fixed within the gel structure. The conductivity of the gel layers was observed to be significantly larger than the conductivity of the bulk electrolyte solutions at low ionic strengths. The increased conductivity reflects the enhanced concentration of ions within the gel structure due to Donnan equilibrium and the mobility of ions within the high water content gel layers. The electrokinetic implications of the bulk conductivity of gel-like soft surface layers are discussed in terms of the influence of the gel conductance on the resulting streaming potential.
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