Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 349403
Title Derivation of cation exchange constants for sand, loess, clay and peat soils on the basis of field measurements in the Netherlands
Author(s) Vries, W. de; Posch, M.
Source Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 701) - 50
Department(s) Soil Science Centre
Publication type Scientific report
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) bodemtypen - kationenwisseling - verzuring - bodemchemie - dynamische modellen - meting - experimenteel veldonderzoek - nederland - soil types - cation exchange - acidification - soil chemistry - dynamic models - measurement - field experimentation - netherlands
Categories Soil Chemistry
Abstract This report presents extensive Tables of cation exchange constants (selectivity coefficients) for sand, loess, clay and peat soils at different depths derived from simultaneous field measure-ments of adsorbed in dissolved concentrations of H, Al, Ca, Mg, K and Na in several hundreds of non-agricultural soils in the Netherlands. Data are provided for the two most widely used cation exchange models (Gaines-Thomas and Gapon) and for all possible combinations of cations, including protons. Results show a wide range in exchange constants, especially when using the Gaines-Thomas exchange description. It appears that Gapon exchange constants are stronger correlated than the corresponding Gaines-Thomas exchange constants, especially for sandy soils. A strong positive correlation means that the ratio between two exchange constants is more characteristic, and less variable, of a certain soil (type) than their absolute numbers, which often vary by several orders of magnitude. In deriving exchange constants, the Al constants were related to free Al3+, the CEC was normalised to a buffered soil pH of 6.5 and the dissolved ion concentrations have all been derived while using a centrifugation method to extract the soil solution. Because of these methodological aspects, they cannot always be used directly in a particular model application. Nevertheless, they provide insight into the numerical ranges of and correlations between exchange constan, and are thus useful for constraining model parameters, e.g. in model calibrations.
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