Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 350683
Title Effects of environmental change on malaria in the Amazon region of Brazil
Author(s) Takken, W.; Tarso Vilarinhos, P. de; Schneider, P.; Santos, F. dos
Source In: Environmental change and malaria risk: global and local implications : Proceedings of the Frontis workshop on Environmental Change and Malaria Risk: Global and Local Implications, Wageningen, The Netherlands 12-14 November 2003 / Takken, W., Martens, P., Bogers, R., Wageningen : Frontis (Wageningen UR Frontis series Vol. 9) - p. 113 - 123.
Department(s) Laboratory of Entomology
Microbiological Laboratory
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2003
Abstract Malaria is endemic in Brazil, affecting mostly the Amazon states. Whereas 50 years ago good progress was made towards its control, since the opening up of the Amazon region for forestry, agriculture and livestock activities, the disease has rapidly increased in incidence, peaking to >500,000 cases annually in the 1990s. Rondônia state was particularly hard hit, with thousands of new immigrants suffering malaria attacks. It is argued that the environmental change caused by deforestation has favoured the main malaria vector Anopheles darlingi, creating numerous sunlit larval habitats and bringing potential blood hosts in the vicinity of the mosquitoes. The creation of malaria clinics and strengthened control programmes has reduced the malaria situation, but risk is still high, particularly in rural and peri-urban areas where humans and mosquitoes are in close contact. The continuing environmental change, caused mainly by deforestation, is likely to favour the malaria situation in Brazil as it creates new malarial habitats and affects large numbers of non-immune settlers who are attracted to the Amazon region
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