Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 354811
Title Opponent note no. 5b:: Support to Organic Farming and Bio-energy as rural development drivers
Author(s) Reinhard, A.J.
Source In: Green Roads to Growth : Proceedings of Expert and Policy Maker Forums - held in Copenhagen 1-2 March, 2006. - Copenhagen : Environmental Assessment Institute - ISBN 8779920454 - p. 408 - 422.
Event Copenhagen : Environmental Assessment Institute - ISBN 8779920454 Green Roads to Growth - Expert and Policy Maker Forums, 2006-03-01/2006-03-02
Department(s) LEI Regional economy & land use
LEI Regional economy & land use
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2006
Abstract Given the current competitive strength of North West European agriculture, organic farming and bio-energy production will not expand without subsidies. Technical research shows that high tech agriculture can be viable in the future if it is both efficient with respect to the environment and with respect to energy input. This is a more attractive route to attain the goals of the Lisbon strategy than to bet on organic agriculture. This high tech agriculture will be competitive with respect to large-scale producers from other continents. Roughly same applies for bio-energy. Here the value for society of producing bio-energy has to be larger than the market value of the biomass produced. This can be achieved by combining functions in rural areas. High tech conversion of various bio-energy streams will provide a competitive advantage for the rural areas in North West Europe. The overall conclusion is that organic farming and bio-energy will not contribute to the Lisbon strategy goals of 2010. However, investments in developing high tech agriculture and biorefinery will contribute to the Lisbon strategy, although the objectives will be met at a later stage. To fulfil the Lisbon strategy we have to change directions. We do not reach the desired objectives if we focus on minor improvement of current production systems. We have to develop completely new production systems. North West European agriculture has to do what it can do best: focus on knowledge intensive production of agricultural products. The outcome of these new policies is not certain, because the competitive strengths depend also on volatile price differences in commodity markets.
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