Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 360577
Title Occurance and characteristics of class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. in the Netherlands
Author(s) Essen-Zandbergen, A. van; Smith, H.E.; Veldman, K.T.; Mevius, D.J.
Source Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 59 (2007)4. - ISSN 0305-7453 - p. 746 - 750.
Department(s) CVI - Divisie Bacteriologie en TSE's
ASG Infectieziekten
CIDC - Divisie Bacteriologie en TSE's
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2007
Keyword(s) multidrug-resistance - determinants - bacteria
Abstract Objectives: To determine the occurrence and transmission of class 1, 2 and 3 integrons in multidrug-resistant or sulfamethoxazole-resistant Salmonella from human and animal sources and in Campylobacter spp. and Escherichia coli from broilers isolated in the Netherlands in 2004. Methods: PCR, restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and DNA sequencing were used to detect integrase genes and gene cassettes within 234 E. coli isolates, 40 Campylobacter isolates and 228 Salmonella isolates. Results: Class 1 integrons were found in 76% of the E. coli and in 43% of the Salmonella isolates. Class 2 integrons were found in 11% of the E. coli and 1% of the Salmonella isolates. No class 1 or 2 integrons were detected in the Campylobacter isolates, and no class 3 integrons were detected in any of the bacterial species examined. The 22 different integrons detected harboured 20 different gene cassettes. The cassette arrays dfrA1-aadA1 and dfrA1-sat2-aadA1 were most frequently associated with class 1 and 2 integrons, respectively. For the first time linF was found to be associated with a class 2 integron as part of the linF-sat2-aadA1 cassette. The gene cassettes found within the integrons explain only a part of the resistance profile of the isolates. Conjugation experiments demonstrated transfer of class 1 and 2 integrons. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate the importance of integrons for the occurrence and transmission of multidrug resistance. Identical predominant class 1 and 2 integrons in E. coli and Salmonella serovars indicate horizontal transfer between these species.
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