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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 363069
Title Land and water management paradigms in Iran: technical, social and ethical aspects
Author(s) Balali, M.R.; Keulartz, F.W.J.; Korthals, M.J.J.A.A.
Source In: Proceedings of the International History Seminar of Irrigation and Drainage, Tehran, Iran, 2 - 5 May, 2007. - Teheran, Iran : - ISBN 9789646668669 - p. 413 - 422.
Event Teheran, Iran : - ISBN 9789646668669 International History Seminar on Irrigation and Drainage, 2007-05-02/2007-05-05
Department(s) Applied Philosophy Group
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2007
Abstract With respect to land and water management in Iran, three paradigms can be distinguished. The pre-modern paradigm can be characterised by its key technical system (the `qanat¿ underground irrigation system), its main social institution (the `buneh¿ cooperative organisation of agricultural production), and its ethical framework (Zoroastrianism and Islam). The paradigm of industrial modernity can be identified by the partial replacement of `qanats¿ by dams, the substitution of the `buneh¿ by a system of smallholding, and the emergence of a mechanistic worldview. Since the 1970s, industrial modernity has gradually given way to what has come to be known as `reflexive modernity¿. In Iran, the new paradigm is still in its first stage, and must be conceptualised and developed in terms of new technical systems of land and water management, of corresponding social institutions and of a new ethical framework that is sensitive to the specific features of the region.
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