Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 363263
Title Animal Welfare in organic framing systems
Author(s) Spoolder, H.A.M.
Source Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 87 (2007)15. - ISSN 0022-5142 - p. 2741 - 2746.
Department(s) Livestock Research
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2007
Keyword(s) growing pigs - dairy herds - laying hens - behavior - health - calves - cows - associations - performance - management
Abstract The concept of farm animal welfare can, for practical purposes, be translated into the so-called Five Freedoms.[1] Organic farming aims to meet animal welfare needs and should therefore comply with these Freedoms. The first Freedom, from hunger and thirst, is met in any system properly managed to organic standards. The Freedom from thermal and physical discomfort is challenged as organic husbandry systems face more climatic extremes. However, they also provide more control to the animal by offering a choice when seeking warmth or a cool place to lie. The Freedom from pain, injury and disease is the most complicated one. Organic farming virtually bans mutilations (e.g. debeaking, tail docking), although some are still allowed and practised (e.g. castration). Organic animals are more exposed to wildlife and at risk of contracting infectious diseases. However, it is possible (although not proven) that organically managed animals are more resistant to illness. The Freedom to express normal behaviour is met through environmental enrichment and group housing. The Freedom from fear and distress is supported by e.g. extra (social) space. In conclusion, if animal health can be maintained, organic farming is very well placed to provide good animal welfare
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