Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 364754
Title Disinfection of vegetable seed by treatment with essential oils, organic acids and plant extract
Author(s) Wolf, J.M. van der; Birnbaum, Y.E.; Zouwen, P.S. van der; Groot, S.P.C.
Source Seed Science and Technology 36 (2008). - ISSN 0251-0952 - p. 76 - 88.
Department(s) Biointeracties and Plant Health
PRI Bioscience
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2008
Keyword(s) zaadbehandeling - desinfectie - antimicrobe-eigenschappen - biologische landbouw - seed treatment - disinfection - antimicrobial properties - organic farming - tea-tree oil - antimicrobial activity - staphylococcus-aureus - storage fungi - shelf-life - humid air - components - respiration - inhibition - terpenoids
Categories Alternative Farming / Seed Technology
Abstract Various essential oils, organic acids, Biosept, (grapefruit extract), Tillecur and extracts of stinging nettle and golden rod were tested for their antimicrobial properties in order to disinfect vegetable seed. In in vitro assays, thyme oil, oregano oil, cinnamon oil, clove oil and Biosept had the highest activity against the seed borne pathogens Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Alternaria dauci and Botrytis aclada. Low antimicrobial activity was found for the organic acids against the fungal pathogens. Seed treatment for 0.5 h with selected essential oils or Biosept in concentrations between 0.1 and 1% eliminated > 99% of total bacteria associated with cabbage seed. It also reduced the percentage of seeds contaminated with fungi in blotter tests from 70% to less than 10%. Extended periods of treatment did not significantly improve results. Cinnamon oil and Biosept used in concentrations exceeding 1% had a negative effect on seed germination. Antimicrobial effects with organic acids were variable, but in general, the organic acids ascorbic acids, propionic acid, acetic acid and lactic acid at concentrations of 2.5% or higher, reduced seed-associated bacteria. Of the organic acids, only propionic acid reduced seed germination at a concentration higher than 1%. Thyme oil was considered the most promising natural compound for reducing seed borne pathogens in seed.
Various essential oils, organic acids, Biosept, (grapefruit extract), Tillecur and extracts of stinging nettle and golden rod were tested for their antimicrobial properties in order to disinfect vegetable seed. In in vitro assays, thyme oil, oregano oil, cinnamon oil, clove oil and Biosept had the highest activity against the seed borne pathogens Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Alternaria dauci and Botrytis aclada. Low antimicrobial activity was found for the organic acids against the fungal pathogens. Seed treatment for 0.5 h with selected essential oils or Biosept in concentrations between 0.1 and 1% eliminated > 99% of total bacteria associated with cabbage seed. It also reduced the percentage of seeds contaminated with fungi in blotter tests from 70% to less than 10%. Extended periods of treatment did not significantly improve results. Cinnamon oil and Biosept used in concentrations exceeding 1% had a negative effect on seed germination. Antimicrobial effects with organic acids were variable, but in general, the organic acids ascorbic acids, propionic acid, acetic acid and lactic acid at concentrations of 2.5% or higher, reduced seed-associated bacteria. Of the organic acids, only propionic acid reduced seed germination at a concentration higher than 1%. Thyme oil was considered the most promising natural compound for reducing seed borne pathogens in seed.
Comments
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.