Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 366891
Title Analysis of summer epidemic progress of apple scab at different apple production systems in the Netherlands and Hungary
Author(s) Holb, I.J.; Heijne, B.; Withagen, J.C.M.; Gáll, J.M.; Jeger, M.J.
Source Phytopathology 95 (2005)9. - ISSN 0031-949X - p. 1001 - 1020.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-95-1001
Department(s) Applied Plant Research, Fruit Research Unit
PRI Biometris
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2005
Keyword(s) venturia-inaequalis - disease-progress - powdery mildew - orchards - conidia - resistance - infection - spores - fungus - buds
Abstract Two, 4-year studies on summer epidemic progress of apple scab were conducted at Randwijk, the Netherlands, from 1998 until 2001 and at Eperjeske, Hungary, from 2000 until 2003. Disease assessments were made on scab-susceptible cv. Jonagold. A range of nonlinear growth functions were fitted to a total of 96 disease progress curves (3 treatment classes x 2 plant parts x 2 disease measures x 4 years x 2 locations) of apple scab incidence and severity. The three-parameter logistic model gave the most consistent fit across three treatment classes in the experiment (integrated, organic-sprayed, and organic-unsprayed). Parameters estimated or calculated from the three-parameter logistic function were used to analyze disease progress. These were disease incidence and severity on the day of the first assessment (Y-s); final disease incidence or upper asymptote for incidence (Y-if) or severity (Y-sf); fruit incidence and severity on day 40, after which no new lesions on fruits appeared (Y-40); leaf incidence and severity on day 75, at which shoot growth stopped (Y-75); relative (beta) and "absolute" (theta) rates of disease progress; inflection point (M); and area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC(5)) standardized by the duration of the total epidemic. Comparisons among disease progress curves were made by Correlation and factor analysis followed by Varimax rotation. There were large differences but high positive correlations among the parameters Y-s, Y-f, theta, and AUDPC(5) across the three treatment classes. In the factor analysis, two factors accounted for more than 85% of the total variance for both incidence and severity. Factor I gave an overall description of epidemic progress of both scab incidence and severity and included the parameters Y-f, Y-40, Y-75, theta, and AUDPCs. Factor 2 identified a relationship between the relative rate parameter (P) and the inflection point (M) for severity and a relationship between disease incidence and severity. For an integrated or an organic orchard, theta, AUDPC(5), and one of Y-f or Y-75 (because of the link with host phenology) can characterize apple scab epidemics during summer. Based on these findings, improved scab management approaches were provided for integrated and organic apple production systems.
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