Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 368279
Title Redistribution of velocity and bed-shear stress in straight and curved open channels by means of a bubble screen: laboratory experiments
Author(s) Blanckaert, K.; Buschman, F.A.; Schielen, R.; Wijbenga, J.H.A.
Source Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 134 (2008)2. - ISSN 0733-9429 - p. 184 - 195.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2008)134:2(184)
Department(s) Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2008
Keyword(s) waterbouwkunde - kanalen, klein - hydrodynamica - waterstroming - buigen - herverdeling - snelheid - turbulentie - laboratoriumproeven - hydraulic engineering - channels - hydrodynamics - water flow - bending - redistribution - velocity - turbulence - laboratory tests - submerged vanes - secondary flows - alternate bars - topography - bends - rivers
Categories Hydrology / Hydraulic Engineering
Abstract Open-channel beds show variations in the transverse direction due to the interaction between downstream flow, cross-stream flow, and bed topography, which may reduce the navigable width or endanger the foundations of structures. The reported preliminary laboratory study shows that a bubble screen can generate cross-stream circulation that redistributes velocities and hence, would modify the topography. In straight flow, the bubble-generated cross-stream circulation cell covers a spanwise extent of about four times the water depth and has maximum transverse velocities of about 0.2 ms¿1. In sharply curved flow, it is slightly weaker and narrower with a spanwise extent of about three times the flow depth. It shifts the counter-rotating curvature-induced cross-stream circulation cell in the inwards direction. Maximum bubble-generated cross-stream circulation velocities are of a similar order of magnitude to typical curvature-induced cross-stream circulation velocities in natural open-channel bends. The bubble screen technique is adjustable, reversible, and ecologically favorable. Detailed data on the 3D flow field in open-channel bends is provided, which can be useful for validation of numerical models
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