Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 369492
Title The presence of heat-stable conformers of ovalbumin affects properties of thermally formed aggregates
Author(s) Groot, J. de; Jongh, H.H.J. de
Source Protein Engineering 16 (2003)12. - ISSN 0269-2139 - p. 1035 - 1040.
Department(s) Food Chemistry Group
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2003
Keyword(s) s-ovalbumin - light-scattering - conversion - transformation - resolution - sequence
Abstract The aim of this work was to study the effect of the formation of more heat-stable conformers of chicken egg ovalbumin during incubation at basic pH (9.9) and elevated temperature (55°C) on the protein aggregation properties at neutral pH. Native ovalbumin (N-OVA) is converted on the hours time-scale into more heat-stable forms denoted I- (intermediate) and S-OVA, that have denaturation temperatures 4.8 and 8.4°C, respectively, higher than that of N-OVA. The conversions most likely proceed via I-OVA, but direct conversion of N-OVA into S-OVA with slower kinetics can not be excluded. It is demonstrated that both I- and S-OVA have similar denaturation characteristics to N-OVA, except that higher temperatures are required for denaturation. The presence of even small contributions of I-OVA does, however, reduce the Stokes radius of the aggregates formed upon heat treatment of the material at 90°C about 2-fold. This affects the gel network formation considerably. Since many (commercial) preparations of ovalbumin contain varying contributions of the more heat-stable forms mentioned, proper characterization or standardization of the isolation procedure of the material is essential to control or predict the industrial application of this protein.
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