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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 369939
Title Visual acuity of pigs at different light intensities
Author(s) Zonderland, J.J.; Cornelissen, A.H.M.; Wolthuis-Fillerup, M.; Spoolder, H.A.M.
Source Applied Animal Behaviour Science 111 (2008)1-2. - ISSN 0168-1591 - p. 28 - 37.
Department(s) Livestock Research
CVI - Division Virology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2008
Keyword(s) behavior
Abstract In most West European countries pigs are housed indoors under low-light conditions. While former Dutch National legislation for pigs required 12 lx for 8 h per day, EU legislation requires 40 lx, so pigs should be able to distinguish small objects and subtle visual signals. However, limited scientific evidence exists about the effects of light intensity (illumination) and object size on the pigs¿ ability to distinguish visual cues. We studied these two effects using operant conditioning with a Landolt-C symbol as shape discriminator. Four Landolt-C symbols with different sizes (with gaps of, respectively, 10 mm (L10), 20 mm (L20), 30 mm (L30) and 40 mm (L40)) were tested under 8 different illuminant levels (0.5, 3, 6, 12, 20, 30, 40 and 80 lx). Following a 4-week training period, 20 female 4-month-old pigs were tested in two batches and the numbers of correct, hesitant and incorrect choices were recorded. Reduced illumination significantly increased the number of incorrect choices (P <0.05). Symbol size also had a significant effect (P <0.001); pigs made more mistakes with the two smaller symbols L10 (41.5%) and L20 (28.6%) compared to the bigger symbols L30 (17.3%) and L40 (16.3%). Furthermore, pigs hesitated less with the smallest symbol L10 (4.5%) compared to L20, L30 and L40 (17.3, 22.3 and 23.0%, respectively; P <0.001). Visual acuity (ability to distinguish details and shapes) varied from 0.001 to 0.03 and pigs failed to discriminate visual cues below 20 mm. Results indicate that the detail of the visual cue (symbol size) has a more pronounced effect on the pigs¿ ability to distinguish visual cues, compared to the illuminant level.
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