Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 370463
Title Analytical methods for lignin characterization - Differential scanning calorimetry
Author(s) Koullas, D.P.; Koukios, E.G.; Avgerinos, E.; Abaecherli, A.; Gosselink, R.; Vasile, C.; Lehnen, R.; Saake, B.; Suren, J.
Source Cellulose Chemistry and Technology 40 (2006)9-10. - ISSN 0576-9787 - p. 719 - 725.
Department(s) AFSG Biobased Products
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2006
Keyword(s) components
Abstract Results of a round robin on lignin thermal analyses are reported. Six laboratories have conducted thermal analyses of four lignin types to determine their cp values and softening points, and to study the thermal behaviour, materials endo- and exotherms included. The lignin types examined were wood Kraft lignin, steam explosion lignin, bagasse lignin, and lignosulfonates. Thermal analyses were carried out over the 20-900°C temperature range, at a heating rate of 10 °C/min, under both inert (nitrogen) and oxidative (air/oxygen) atmosphere. Six different types of thermal analyzers (DSC and TG equipment) were tested. A lignin chemical reactivity test was also considered. Several laboratories identified similar lignin softening temperatures for some of the samples, yet, generally, the results attained are characterised by a high variability of the lignin types and analytical protocols applied in the six laboratories. The different results have been mainly attributed to the "history" of the material, e.g., whether the samples were completely dried before the experiments
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