Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 372133
Title Low frequency of the scrapile resistance-associated allele and presence of lysine-171 allele of the prion protein gene in Italian Biellese ovine breed
Author(s) Acutis, P.L.; Sbaiz, L.; Verburg, F.J.; Riina, M.V.; Ru, G.; Moda, G.; Caramelli, M.; Bossers, A.
Source Journal of General Virology 85 (2004). - ISSN 0022-1317 - p. 3165 - 3172.
Department(s) CIDC - Divisie Bacteriologie en TSE's
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2004
Keyword(s) natural scrapie - prp genotype - spongiform encephalopathies - suffolk sheep - closed flock - polymorphisms - susceptibility - identification - transmission - population
Abstract Frequencies of polymorphisms at codons 136, 154 and 171 of the prion protein (PrP) gene were studied in 1207 pure-bred and cross-bred Italian Biellese rams, a small ovine breed of about 65 000 head in Italy. Aside from the five most common alleles (VRQ, ARQ, ARR, AHQ and ARH), the rare ARK allele was also found, with the highest frequency reported so far in an ovine breed (2·5 %). ARK/--- genotypes had a total frequency of 4·9 %. The resistance-associated ARR allele was seen at a low frequency (8·3 %). Only 1·4 % of animals examined had a resistant ARR/ARR PrP genotype. Semi-resistant (ARR/ARQ, ARR/ARH and ARR/AHQ) PrP genotypes had a total frequency of 12·6 % and PrP genotypes that are associated with high scrapie susceptibility (e.g. VRQ/VRQ and ARQ/ARQ) had a total frequency of 81·1 %. Statistical analysis comparing PrP allele frequencies between pure-bred and cross-bred animals showed that the ARR allele occurred at a significantly lower frequency in pure-bred rams. Furthermore, comparison of PrP allele frequencies between pure-bred rams over 18 months of age and those below 18 months of age showed a significant decrease in the ARR allele in breeding rams over 18 months of age. Based on these results, breeding for scrapie resistance in the Biellese breed will have to take into account the low frequency of the ARR allele, which also seems to be subject to negative selection by farmers. Further investigation is required to understand whether the ARK allele is also associated with resistance to transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
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