Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 372271
Title NMR microimaging of fluid flow in model string-type reactors
Author(s) Koptyug, I.V.; Kovtunov, K.V.; Gerkema, E.; Kiwi-Minskerc, L.; Sagdeev, R.Z.
Source Chemical Engineering Science 62 (2007)16. - ISSN 0009-2509 - p. 4459 - 4468.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2007.04.045
Department(s) Biophysics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2007
Keyword(s) field-gradient nmr - velocity exchange spectroscopy - magnetic-resonance - gas-flow - pfg-nmr - numerical-simulation - spatial correlations - 2-phase flow - porous-media - dispersion
Abstract Magnetic resonance microimaging (MRM) was employed to obtain quantitative velocity maps of water flowing in the channels possessing unconventional cross-section shapes formed by a bundle of parallel fibers within a tubular string-type reactor. The maps obtained demonstrate the presence of large amounts of an almost stagnant liquid in the stretched corners of the cross-sections representing distorted triangles or squares. This fact together with the irregularity of the filaments packing in the model string-type reactor was demonstrated to lead to a broad residence time distributions (RTDs) for liquid flow. Next, the pulsed field gradient NMR (PFG NMR) technique was employed to compare transport of water with that of butane gas in the same model string-type reactor. The experimentally measured average propagators (travel distance probability density functions) have demonstrated that Taylor dispersion can lead to much better RTDs for gas as compared to liquid in channels with sub-millimeter equivalent diameters. The PFG NMR data were compared with the RTD obtained using the conventional tracer time-of-flight transient response method. It is concluded that due to the differences in the quantities actually measured by the two techniques, and the significant differences in the measurement length scales (microns to 1¿2 cm for NMR/MRM, tens of centimeters for transient response methods), there is no reliable way of directly comparing these results. The information obtained by NMR/MRM and more conventional techniques such as time-of-flight should be considered as complementary. In particular, NMR/MRM can reveal the reasons for the observed overall reactor performance by providing access to the transport processes on short length scales inside the reactor and by revealing structure¿transport interrelations.
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