Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 372852
Title The toxicity of copper contaminated soil using a gnotobiotic soil multi-species test system (SMS)
Author(s) Scott-Fordsmand, J.J.; Maraldo, K.; Brink, P.J. van den
Source Environment International 34 (2008)4. - ISSN 0160-4120 - p. 524 - 530.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2007.11.008
Department(s) Alterra - Centre for Water and Climate
Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2008
Keyword(s) folsomia-fimetaria collembola - community structure - trophic structure - pollutants - ecosystems - isotomidae - microcosm - responses - gradient
Abstract A gnotobiotic multi-species study was designed to consist of a food-web of soil-dwelling animals. The food-web was exposed to five concentrations copper (Cu) spiked soil for three exposure durations i.e. 28, 56 and 84 days. Based on multivariate analysis the food-web was significantly affected by Cu exposure at and above 300 mg Cu kg(-1) soil (lowest tested concentration). The number of animals present in the 2500 mg Cu kg(-1) (highest tested concentration) was at all sampling occasions below the starting point level. Based on analysis of the individual species the lowest 10% effect concentration (EC10) observed was 50 mg Cu kg(-1) soil, for Enchytraeus crypticus. Using the EC10 for the individual species the HC5 (Hazard Concentration at the 5% level) was estimated to be between 25 and 36 mg Cu kg(-1) soil, depending on the exposure duration. A similar experiment but using a reduced design was performed employing soil contaminated with Cu in the field more than 80 years ago. The trend in the field-contaminated soil was similar to that observed for the spiked soil.
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