Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 380036
Title Accessing information in working memory: Can the focus of attention grasp two elements at the same time?
Author(s) Oberauer, K.; Bialkova, S.E.
Source Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 138 (2009)1. - ISSN 0096-3445 - p. 64 - 87.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014738
Department(s) Marketing and Consumer Behaviour
MGS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2009
Keyword(s) short-term-memory - individual-differences - premise integration - task - capacity - comprehension - model - costs - representations - construction
Abstract Processing information in working memory requires selective access to a subset of working-memory contents by a focus of attention. Complex cognition often requires joint access to 2 items in working memory. How does the focus select 2 items? Two experiments with an arithmetic task and 1 with a spatial task investigate time demands for successive operations that involve 2 digits or 2 spatial positions, respectively. When both items used in an operation have been used in the preceding operation, latencies are shortened. No such repetition benefit (arithmetic) or a much smaller benefit (spatial) was found when only 1 item was repeated. The results rule out serial access to the 2 items, parallel access by expanding the focus, and parallel access by splitting the focus. They support the notion that 2 items are accessed by chunking them, so that they fit a focus limited to 1 chunk. Keywords: attention, working memory, relations
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