Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 399781
Title Genome expansion and gene loss in powdery mildew fungi reveal tradeoffs in extreme parasitism
Author(s) Spanu, P.D.; Abbott, J.C.; Amselem, J.; Burgis, T.A.; Soanes, D.M.; Stüber, K.; Loren van Themaat, E. Ver; Brown, J.K.M.; Butcher, S.A.; Gurr, S.J.; Lebrun, M.H.; Ridout, C.J.; Schulze-Lefert, P.; Talbot, N.J.; Ahmadinejad, N.; Ametz, C.; Barton, G.R.; Benjdia, M.; Bidzinski, P.; Bindschedler, L.V.; Both, M.; Brewer, M.T.; Cadle-Davidson, L.; Cadle-Davidson, M.M.; Collemare, J.; Cramer, R.; Frenkel, O.; Godfrey, D.; Harriman, J.; Hoede, C.; King, B.C.; Klages, S.; Kleemann, J.; Knoll, D.; Koti, P.S.; Kreplak, J.; López-Ruiz, F.J.; Lu, X.; Maekawa, T.; Mahanil, S.; Micali, C.; Milgroom, M.G.; Montana, G.; Noir, S.; O'Connell, R.J.; Oberhaensli, S.; Parlange, F.; Pedersen, C.; Quesneville, H.; Reinhardt, R.; Rott, M.; Sacristán, S.; Schmidt, S.M.; Schön, M.; Skamnioti, P.; Sommer, H.; Stephens, A.; Takahara, H.; Thordal-Christensen, H.; Vigouroux, M.; Weßling, R.; Wicker, T.; Panstruga, R.
Source Science 330 (2010)6010. - ISSN 0036-8075 - p. 1543 - 1546.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1194573
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
EPS-2
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) plant-pathogens - virulence - proteins
Abstract Powdery mildews are phytopathogens whose growth and reproduction are entirely dependent on living plant cells. The molecular basis of this life-style, obligate biotrophy, remains unknown. We present the genome analysis of barley powdery mildew, Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei (Blumeria), as well as a comparison with the analysis of two powdery mildews pathogenic on dicotyledonous plants. These genomes display massive retrotransposon proliferation, genome-size expansion, and gene losses. The missing genes encode enzymes of primary and secondary metabolism, carbohydrate-active enzymes, and transporters, probably reflecting their redundancy in an exclusively biotrophic life-style. Among the 248 candidate effectors of pathogenesis identified in the Blumeria genome, very few (less than 10) define a core set conserved in all three mildews, suggesting that most effectors represent species-specific adaptations.
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