Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 399804
Title Inverse modeling of European CH4 emissions: sensitivity to the observational network
Author(s) Villani, M.G.; Bergamaschi, P.; Krol, M.C.; Meirink, J.F.; Dentener, F.
Source Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10 (2010)3. - ISSN 1680-7316 - p. 1249 - 1267.
Department(s) Meteorology and Air Quality
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) atmospheric methane - term variations - co2 inversions - frequency data - transport - chemistry - sinks - tm5 - oh
Abstract Inverse modeling is widely employed to provide “top-down” emission estimates using atmospheric measurements. Here, we analyze the dependence of derived CH4 emissions on the sampling frequency and density of the observational surface network, using the TM5-4DVAR inverse modeling system and synthetic observations. This sensitivity study focuses on Europe. The synthetic observations are created by TM5 forward model simulations. The inversions of these synthetic observations are performed using virtually no knowledge on the a priori spatial and temporal distribution of emissions, i.e. the emissions are derived mainly from the atmospheric signal detected by the measurement network. Using the European network of stations for which continuous or weekly flask measurements are available for 2001, the synthetic experiments can retrieve the “true” annual total emissions for single countries such as France within 20%, and for all North West European countries together within ~5%. However, larger deviations are obtained for South and East European countries due to the scarcity of stations in the measurement network. Upgrading flask sites to stations with continuous measurements leads to an improvement for central Europe in emission estimates. For realistic emission estimates over the whole European domain, however, a major extension of the number of stations in the existing network is required. We demonstrate the potential of an extended network of a total of ~60 European stations to provide realistic emission estimates over the whole European domain.
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