Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 399837
Title Consumption of raw vegetables and fruits: a risk factor for Campylobacter infections
Author(s) Verhoeff-Bakkenes, L.; Jansen, H.A.P.M.; Veld, P.H. in 't; Beumer, R.R.; Zwietering, M.H.; Leusden, F.M. van
Source International Journal of Food Microbiology 144 (2011)3. - ISSN 0168-1605 - p. 406 - 412.
Department(s) Food Microbiology Laboratory
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) eat salad vegetables - fresh produce - microbiological quality - retail establishments - organic vegetables - public-health - new-zealand - jejuni - survival - foods
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter in fresh vegetables and fruits at retail level in the Netherlands, and to estimate its implications on the importance of vegetables and fruits as risk factor for campylobacteriosis. Thirteen of the 5640 vegetable and fruit samples were Campylobacter positive, resulting in a prevalence of 0.23% (95% confidence interval (Cl): 0.12–0.39%). The prevalence of packaged products (0.36%, 95% Cl: 0.17–0.66) was significantly higher than of unpackaged products (0.07; 95% Cl: 0.01–0.27). No statistical differences were found between seasons. Combining the mean prevalence found in this study with data on the consumption of vegetables and fruits, an exposure of 0.0048 campylobacters ingested per person per day in the Netherlands by transmission via vegetables and fruits, was calculated. This exposure, as input in a Beta-Poisson dose–response model, resulted in an estimated number of 5.3 × 105 cases of infection with Campylobacter per year for the whole Dutch population. This constitutes the consumption of raw vegetables and fruits, especially when packaged, to be a risk factor for Campylobacter infections
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