Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 400667
Title Spatial summation in macaque parietal area 7a follows a winner-take-all rule
Author(s) Oleksiak, A.; Klink, P.C.; Postma, A.; Ham, I.J. van der; Lankheet, M.J.M.; Wezel, R.J. van
Source Journal of Neurophysiology 105 (2011)3. - ISSN 0022-3077 - p. 1150 - 1158.
Department(s) Experimental Zoology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) lateral intraparietal area - primary visual-cortex - neuronal responses - complex cells - attentional modulation - selective attention - stimulus - v4 - representation - normalization
Abstract While neurons in posterior parietal cortex have been found to signal the presence of a salient stimulus among multiple items in a display, spatial summation within their receptive field in the absence of an attentional bias has never been investigated. This information however, is indispensable when one investigates the mechanisms of spatial attention and competition between multiple visual objects. To examine the spatial summation rule in parietal area 7a neurons, we trained rhesus monkeys to fixate a central cross while two identical stimuli were briefly displayed in a neuron's receptive field. The response to a pair of dots was compared with the responses to the same dots when they were presented individually. The scaling and power parameters of a generalized summation algorithm varied greatly, both across neurons and across combinations of stimulus locations. However, the averaged response of the recorded population of 7a neurons was consistent with a winner-take-all rule for spatial summation. A control experiment where a monkey covertly attended to both stimuli simultaneously suggests that attention introduces additional competition by facilitating the less optimal stimulus. Thus, an averaging stage is introduced between approximately 200 and 300 ms of the response to a pair of stimuli. In short, the summation algorithm over the population of area 7a neurons carries the signature of a winner-take-all operation, with spatial attention possibly influencing the temporal dynamics of stimulus competition, that is the moment that the 'winner' takes 'victory' over the 'loser' stimulus
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