Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 401104
Title In vitro digestibility of b-casein and b-lactoglobulin under simulated human gastric and duodenal conditions
Author(s) Mandalari, G.; Adel-Patient, K.; Barkholt, V.; Baro, C.; Bennett, L.; Bublin, M.; Gaier, S.; Graser, G.; Ladics, G.S.; Mierzejewska, D.; Vassilopoulou, E.; Vissers, Y.M.; Zuidmeer, L.; Rigby, N.M.; Salt, L.J.; Defernez, M.; Mulholland, F.; Mackie, A.R.; Wickham, M.S.J.; Mills, E.N.C.
Source Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 55 (2009)3. - ISSN 0273-2300 - p. 372 - 381.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2009.08.010
Department(s) Cell Biology and Immunology
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2009
Keyword(s) human pancreatic-juice - food allergens - gastrointestinal proteolysis - protein digestibility - pepsin digestion - stability - fluid - hydrolysis - resistance - ph
Abstract Initially the resistance to digestion of two cow's milk allergens, beta-casein, and beta-lactoglobulin (beta-Lg), was compared using a "high-protease assay" and a "low-protease assay" in a single laboratory. The low-protease assay represents an alternative standardised protocol mimicking conditions found in the gastrointestinal tract. For the high-protease assay, both proteins were incubated with either pepsin or pancreatin and digestion monitored by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography. The low-protease assay involved gastroduodenal digestion in the presence or absence of phosphatidylcholine (PC). Both beta-casein and beta-Lg were susceptible to hydrolysis by pepsin and pancreatin in the high-protease assay. In contrast, the kinetics of beta-casein digestion in the low-protease assay were slower, beta-Lg being pepsin resistant. During duodenal digestion, beta-Lg was gradually degraded and addition of PC slowed digestion. Subsequently, the reproducibility of the low-protease assay was assessed in 12 independent laboratories by visual assessment of the gels and densitometric analysis: the inter- and intra-laboratory variability was affected by sampling and electrophoresis method employed. The low-protease assay was shown to be reproducible. Future studies will extend these findings using a broader panel of proteins
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