Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 401851
Title Management or mis-management of African flood pulse fisheries. Wetlands in a Flood Pulsing Environment:Effects on and responses in biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and human society
Author(s) Kolding, J.; Zwieten, P.A.M. van
Event International Symposium Flood Pulsed Wetlands. 1-5 February 2010, Maun, Botswana, 2010-02-01/2010-02-05
Department(s) Aquaculture and Fisheries
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2010
Abstract Floodplains are among the most productive aquatic ecosystems, which can be attributed to the advantages described in the ¿flood pulse concept¿. However, many lakes and most reservoirs also have a fluctuating hydrology associated with river inflows, and significant relationships between fish productivity and fluctuations in water levels - serving as a proxy for nutrient loading - are often found. Depending on the amplitude of the fluctuations, lakes and reservoirs can vary from stable to highly pulsed systems which have important implications for the life history of the fish populations, and consequently for their productivity and resilience to exploitation. Inland fisheries in Africa constitute a ’social security system’ - a common good that requires common access. They often serve as the ’last resort’ when everything else fails, and for this they have been seriously undervalued. Small scale fisheries, by their nature, are largely regulated by the natural production and display a high degree of adaptability and resilience. In spite of common belief, the non regulated, non-selective, adaptive fishing patterns are healthier and far more ecosystem conserving than current management strategies based on gear restrictions and size limitations. The immense pressure to adapt to modern management thinking based on economic theory is based on flawed assumptions and will, under present conditions, not only have negative social effects, but also negative biological consequences on aquatic ecosystems.
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