Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 403264
Title Long-term dietary exposure to lead in young children living in different European countries. Scientific report submitted to EFSA
Author(s) Boon, P.E.; Sioen, I.; Voet, H. van der; Huybrechts, I.; Neve, M. De; Amiano, P.; Azpiri, M.; Busk, L.; Christensen, T.; Hilbig, A.; Hirvonen, T.; Koulouridaki, S.; Lafay, L.; Liukkonen, K.H.; Moschandreas, J.; Papoutsou, S.; Ribas-Barba, L.; Ruprich, J.; Serra-Majem, L.; Tornaritis, M.; Turrini, A.; Urtizberea, M.; Verger, E.; Westerlund, A.; Kersting, M.; Henauw, S. de; Klaveren, J.D. van
Source Expochi - 82
Department(s) RIKILT - V&G Databanken Risicoschatting & Ketenmanagement
Biometris (PPO/PRI)
Publication type Scientific report
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) voedselconsumptie - lood - eetpatronen - kinderen - europa - voeding en gezondheid - blootstelling - food consumption - lead - eating patterns - children - europe - nutrition and health - exposure
Categories Human Nutrition (General)
Abstract Long-term dietary exposure to lead in children aged 1 up to 14 years living in 12 different European countries was estimated using daily food consumption patterns and mean lead concentrations in various food commodities. Food consumption data were all categorised according to a harmonised system to allow for linkage with lead concentration data in a standardised way. Two different models were used for the calculations: the beta-binomial-normal (BBN) model and the observed individual means (OIM) model. For both models the lower bound exposure ranged from 0.4 to 1.7 µg/kg bw per day for median consumers. For 99th percentile consumers however the exposure differed between the two models with a lower bound exposure ranging from 0.7 to 4.1 µg/kg bw per day with the BBN model and 0.9 to 7.9 µg/kg bw per day with the OIM model. Upper bound exposures were on average a factor 1.8 higher for both models. Exposures on a body weight basis were higher in younger compared to older children. To assess the long-term exposure to lead in European children, a model, such as the BBN model, that corrects for the within-person variation is the preferred method to be used. The OIM method results in an overestimation of the percentage of the population exceeding a provisional tolerable weekly intake which is of relevance for risk management decisions.
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