Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 403369
Title The role of reproductive technologies in breeding schemes for livestock populations in developing countries
Author(s) Arendonk, J.A.M. van
Source Livestock Science 136 (2011)1. - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 29 - 37.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2010.09.004
Department(s) Animal Breeding and Genetics
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) fokkerijmethoden - dierveredeling - ontwikkelingslanden - vee - genetische bronnen van diersoorten - genetische diversiteit - veredelingsprogramma's - kunstmatige inseminatie - inteelt - genetische verbetering - animal breeding methods - animal breeding - developing countries - livestock - animal genetic resources - genetic diversity - breeding programmes - artificial insemination - inbreeding - genetic improvement - dairy-cattle - genetic-variation - embryo transfer - predefined rate - selection - programs - impact - rates - prediction - sheep
Categories Animal Breeding and Genetics (General) / Development Studies (General)
Abstract The world is faced with the challenge to meet the increasing demand for livestock products while conserving animal genetic resource diversity and maintaining environmental integrity. Genetic improvement of local breeds can help to improve the livelihood of the livestock keepers, to increase the production of animal products and to conserve genetic diversity. Implementing breeding schemes in developing countries has proven to be very difficult. The objective of this paper is to discuss the role of reproductive technologies for the creation and dissemination of genetic improvement in livestock populations in developing countries. In the paper opportunities are discussed for implementing breeding schemes which minimize the need for extensive pedigree and performance recording. It is shown that genetic progress can be generated in a small population. Community-based breeding schemes offer a good starting point for involving farmers in improving local breeds. Artificial insemination to exchange genetic material between communities offers an opportunity to increase the rate of genetic improvement while restricting the rate of inbreeding. Furthermore, artificial insemination is a promising technique for dissemination of genetic gain to producers at a relatively low cost. Opportunities to use semen sexing in a crossbreeding scheme are presented. It is concluded that tailor-made solutions and long-term commitment are needed in order to meet the needs of farmers to increase their livelihoods and to meet the needs of the growing population of consumers.
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