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Record number 405100
Title Food choices of 4 to 6-year-old overweight and nonoverweight children while role-playing as adults
Author(s) Snoek, H.M.; Sessink, N.Y.; Engels, R.C.M.E.
Source Journal of Family Psychology 24 (2010)6. - ISSN 0893-3200 - p. 779 - 782.
Department(s) LEI Consumer & behaviour
LEI Consument and Behaviour
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) confirmatory factor-analysis - feeding questionnaire - parental control - behaviors - attitudes - habits - weight - girls
Abstract The following study compared the food choices made by overweight and non-overweight preschoolers while role-playing a mother who bought food for a family, and examined the influence of maternal restriction on food choice. After screening 619 children for height and weight, 56 overweight children (equal sex distribution, ages 4-6) and 56 non-overweight children (matched on age, sex, demographics) were selected to participate. Children's purchases of low and high caloric snacks, drinks, and dinner products in a miniature supermarket were recorded. Mother and child-reported maternal restriction were assessed using the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) and the Kid's CFQ. Compared to non-overweight children, overweight children choose more high-calorie foods when role-playing a mother. Maternal restriction did not differ between overweight and non-overweight children. Both children's and mothers' reported maternal restriction were unrelated to food choices and there were no significant interactions between restriction and weight status on food choices. In conclusion, while parental restriction seems to be unrelated to children's food choices, family food patterns might have great impact already at young ages.
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