Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 405245
Title Normalization genes for quantitative RT-PCR in differentiated Caco-2 cells used for food exposure studies
Author(s) Vreeburg, R.A.M.; Bastiaan-Net, S.; Mes, J.J.
Source Food & Function 2 (2011)2. - ISSN 2042-6496 - p. 124 - 129.
Department(s) FBR Fresh Supply Chains
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) intestinal epithelial-cells - colon - expression - culture - single - cancer
Abstract Exposure of food products to small-intestinal-like Caco-2 cells, combined with a gene expression based response analysis can be a valuable tool to classify potential bioactive effects of food homogenates. In order to study changes in gene expression upon food exposure, a robust set of stably expressed genes is required for normalization. Here we present a set of reference genes suitable for RT-qPCR that has been validated for exposure studies with the intestinal-like Caco-2 cell line. This study identified ribosomal phosphoprotein P0 (RPLP0) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as best reference genes. The set can be extended with ß-2-microglobulin (B2M), splicing factor 3A, subunit 1 (SF3A1), and mitochondrial ribosomal protein L19 (MRPL19). Food homogenates did provoke responses in the Caco-2 cells, as was demonstrated by changed expression of NAD(P)H Quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), Claudin 4 (CLDN4), Nitric Oxide Synthase 2 (NOS2), and ATP-binding cassette, subfamily B, member 1 (ABCB1) in the same experiment. Results indicate that: i) natural food homogenates can exert effects in Caco-2 cells, and ii) stability in expression of the reference genes is not due to a lack of response of the Caco-2 cells.
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